英 语 试 题
2.回答选择题时，选出每小题答案后，用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。 如需改动，用橡皮擦干净后，再选涂其它答案标号。回答非选择题时，将答案写在答题卡 上，写在本试卷上无效。
High school programs at the National Gallery of Art value depth over breadth, exploring original works of art through a single specific question or theme.
High School Studio Workshops
Single museum visit, 2.5 hours
These half-day art workshops include an in-depth examination and discussion of works of art in the galleries, followed by behind-the-scenes access to the Education Studio, where students create a related art project.
During the workshop, National Gallery of Art educators will encourage students to look carefully at works of art and then share their responses and develop theories based on their observations.
Students will have the opportunity to create a work of art in the studio inspired by what they
have seen in the galleries.
Museum Makers: Exploring Art and Museums
The Museum Makers program explains how museums operate and what they have to offer. It gives upper-level high school students the tools to experience, understand and interpret art. Participants will gain an insider’s view of how an art museum works.
Students meet for seven Saturday sessions from 10:00 am to 3:00 pm. Completion of the program requires attendance of all seven sessions.
Creative Writing in the Galleries
Students will provide a voice for their personal responses to art through creative writing while looking at a selection of artworks in the galleries. Using close observation, group discussion, and personal reflection, they will be guided through exercises that use different writing forms, including free-form poetry.
A maximum of 30 students will be accommodated at each session.
1.What can students do at High School Studio Workshops?
A. Discuss with artists about their works. B. Get basic training as an artist.
C. Put forward their own art theories. D. Deliver lectures on artistic works.
2.What can students get from Museum Makers?
A. Tools to create artworks. B. Knowledge about how museums work.
C. Full credits for all sessions. D. Chances to voice their personal responses.
3.What is the text?
A. An art program introduction. B. A plan for an art tour.
C. An ad for an art company. D. A schedule for art classes.
Kieran Moise, 18, started growing out his hair in the eighth grade, after losing a friend to brain cancer. He had seen people donate their hair to children who had lost theirs during medical treatment and wanted to do the same.
“Kieran has always been known for his hair. It was a big part of his personality and who he was,“ said his mother, Kelly Moise, “But he has always been the most compassionate and caring person. Since he was 6 years old, he somehow had the mindset of raising money and giving it to people who need it, and that never changed.”
In May, Moise graduated from high school with an impressive 19-inch Afro(非洲发式）.But with him set to enter the U.S. Air Force Academy, it was finally time for the big cut.
To maximize his impact, Moise organized a live event at a local brewery in Huntsville and an online fundraising campaign called “Kieran’s Curls for Cancer”, where he aimed to raise $1,000 per inch cut.
On May 29, nearly 100 people attended the event, where they watched Moise get his hair braided and snipped off. His hair was donated to Children With Hair Loss, a non-profit organization in Michigan that makes free wigs for kids and young adults facing medically related hair loss.
By the end of the day, the event raised $20,000 for St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital and has continued to raise money online. As of Saturday, it was more than $39,000.
“Charitable giving comes in many forms, from direct acts of kindness to impactful public statements that motivate others to come together to support a cause,“ Richard C. Shadyac Jr., President and CEO for St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital, told CAW, “Kieran’s simple act of kindness exemplifies（例证）the power of younger generations and is something to celebrate, a selfless decision that will make a direct impact on the lives of the kids at St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital and children everywhere for years to come.^^
4.What contributed to Kieran Moise’s starting growing out his hair?
A. His high-quality fine hair. B. The death of one of his friends.
C. His witness of children’s pain. D. The encouragement from his mother.
5.Why does Kieran Moise’s mother mention his childhood?
A. To introduce his kind deeds in the past. B. To prove his unique personality.
C. To praise him for his contributions. D. To show that he is kind from an early age.
6.What’s mainly talked about in the last paragraph?
A.Kieran’s kindness benefited himself.
B.Kieran’s love will be richly rewarded.
C.Kieran’s deeds will inspire more kindness.
D.Kieran’s behavior showed a new form of charity.
7.Which of the following can best describe Kieran Moise?
A.Kind-hearted and creative. B.Kind-natured and tolerant.
C. Good-natured and ambitious. D. Good-tempered and considerate.
Modem life is full of things that can influence your ability to be sensitive and responsive to your child. These include extra work, lack of sleep, and things like mobile devices. Some experts are concerned about the effects that distracted（分心）parenting may have on emotional bonding and children’s language development, social interaction, and safety.
If parents are inconsistently available, kids can get distressed and feel hurt, rejected, or ignored. They may have more emotional outbursts and feel alone. They may even stop trying to compete for their parent’s attention and start to lose emotional connections to their parents.
“There are times when kids really do need your attention and want your recognition explains Cmic, a psychologist. “Parents need to communicate that their kids are valuable and important, and children need to know that parents care what they’re doing,“ he says.
It can be tough to respond with sensitivity during tantrums, arguments, or other challenging times with your kids. “If parents respond by being bad-tempered or aggressive themselves, children can copy that behavior, and a negative cycle then continues to upgrade,“ explains Dr. Carol Metzler, who studies parenting at the Oregon Research Institute.
According to Cmic, kids start to regulate their own emotions and behavior around age three. Up until then, they depend more on you to help them regulate their emotions, whether to calm them or help get them excited. “They’re watching you to see how you do it and listening to how you talk to them about it,“ he explains. ^Parents need to be good self-regulators. You’re not only trying to regulate your own emotions in the moment, but helping your child learn to manage their emotions and behavior.”
As kids become better at managing their feelings and behavior, it’s important to help them develop coping skills, like active problem solving. Such skills can help them feel confident in handling what comes their way.
“When parents engage positively with their children, teaching them the behaviors and skills that they need to cope with the world, children learn to follow rules and regulate their own feelings.” Metzler says.
8.What may distract parenting according to the text?
A. Working overtime. B. Too much sleep.
C. Negative emotions. D. Social interactions.
9.What is the second paragraph mainly about?
A. Bad habits of ignored children. B. Bad effects of parents’ absence.
C. The outcome of parents’ availability. D. The behavior of emotional children.
10.What does the underlined word “tantrums” in paragraph 4 probably mean?
A. Mental relaxation. B. Extreme anger.
C. Heated discussions. D. Desperate hunger.
11.Which of the following can be the best title for the text?
A. Be strict with your children B. Regulate your emotions
C. Stay available to your children D. Set a good example for children
Insurance companies are starting to use smart box technology, so good drivers can benefit from cheap insurance rates.
The smart box, similar to a black box for airplanes, records details about how your car is driven, which can result in cheap car insurance for responsible drivers. The device is connected to the electronics in your car and collects a wide criterion of information such as time, speed, braking, cornering, acceleration and location. Ifs like having an insurance agent sitting beside you while driving.
The smart box data is wireless transferred in real time to the insurance company and provides a profile of when, where and how you drive. This profile is then used to compare insurance rates and to reward low-risk driving behavior with cheap insurance rates.
Drivers are high-risk when they drive irresponsibly such as speeding, frequent lane changing, driving in high-risk locations or at high-risk times such as in heavy traffic or late at night.
These new electronic inventions are intended to replace the standard practice of categorizing drivers into group behavior to determine insurance coverage and premiuni（保费）payments. For example, young drivers are more likely to drive fast, drive at night and use a cell phone while driving. Statistically, young drivers arc more likely to cause an accident, so insurance companies charge them higher rates to cover the costs of accident claims. So even if you’re a young, responsible driver, you will pay high insurance rates because of group behavior.
This technology allows you to provide proof that your driving behavior doesn’t fit the pattern of your demographic（统计）group.
All the information collected about your driving can be viewed online — including what you’re doing well and what could be improved. Your insurance premium is then calculated according to your driving profile.
12.What will a good driver benefit from the smart box?
A. Fewer traffic accidents. B. Better traffic order.
C. Lower insurance payment. D. Less petrol used in driving.
13.How does the insurance company monitor the driving?
A. By checking the device in the car. B. By sitting beside the driver.
C. By watching the traffic on the roads. D. By collecting the driving data online.
14.What will the use of smart boxes bring about?
A. Better service for cars. B. Lower prices of petrol.
C. More convenient transport. D. More reasonable insurance charge.
15.What can we infer about the smart box from the text?
A. It requires better driving habits. B. It saves the drivers a lot of time.
C. It helps the drivers use less energy. D. It takes the place of the traffic police.
Public transport is in deep water in some countries. To those who have to squeeze onto the number 25 bus in London, or the A-train in New York, the change might not be noticeable.__16__.
Although transport agencies blame it on things like roadworks and broken signals, it seems more likely that they are being out competed. __17__Other upstarts like dock-less bicycles and battery powered “e-bikes” are also spreading. Mass transport, on the other hand, is much less flexible.
This is a headache for the operators of public transport systems.__18 __But like it or not, public transport does some things very well. It provides a service for people who are too old, too young, too fearful or too drunk to drive or ride a bike. Trains and subways cause less pollution than cars and move people at far higher densities（密度）.
So, how to deal with the problem? 19 Some cities have created congestion（拥堵） charging zones, but that is a hopelessly crude tool. Most congestion zones in effect sell daily tickets to drive around as much as you like within the zone — and charge vehicles such as taxis and minicabs nothing.
20 Although new forms of transport often compete with old ones, they ought to go well with each other. Taxi services and app-based cars could get people to and from airports and ports, which are often far from the urban core.
A.It is also a problem for cities.
B.It is probably the secret to keeping cities moving.
C.Transport agencies should also accept the upstarts.
D.To some extent, pricing road use properly can be a solution.
E.But passenger numbers are flat or falling in many countries.
F.App-based taxi services are more convenient than trains or buses.
G.Building a platform to allow that is hard, and requires joint efforts.
As the foreign English teacher at my school in Japan, I have a weekly English music broadcast where I showcase different English songs. I try to get the students to__ 21 __songs to me for the broadcast. At the broadcast, I usually announce who recommended the song and then play it for everyone to __22__ during lunch time. I give everyone a chance to share themselves through their music, including one __23__ student of mine. This student constantly gets into__ 24__ with the other students, doesn’t study, and brings down the energy of the class. Most of the other teachers and students push him away. I knew though that he just needed a friend, __25__at least someone he can connect with.
I could tell he was warming up to me over the last year. I told him to think of a song he likes that has some English words in it and that Til __26__it on the broadcast for him. He__27__ recommended a song. I actually really liked the song so I put in on the broadcast and made sure to announce his __28__. so everyone knew that he contributed and recommended such a great song. Needless to say, the boy was extremely__29__, and he’s been much happier and __30__ in English class ever since. While everyone else __31__ him and pushed him away, I saw right through and knew that he just needed someone who__ 32 __him and gave him a chance. There’s still a language barrier between us, but words aren’t needed, you can always __33 __where you’re at with someone.
He recently walked by me and gave me the most genuine __34__ that I5ve ever seen.
“I gave him a(n) __35__,through just one song.” I told my coworkers.
21. A. compose B. recommend C. sing D. perform
22. A. read B. act C. enjoy D. follow
23. A. cruel B. slow C. clever D. tough
24. A. fights B. debts C. chaos D. connections
25. A. but B. or C. and D. so
26. A. play B. sing C. explain D. introduce
27. A. unwillingly B. randomly C. eventually D. hurriedly
28. A. work B. struggle C.song D. name
29. A. interested B. frightened C. annoyed D. excited
30. A. accepted B. accustomed C. focused D. determined
31. A. deserted B. misunderstood C. criticized D. envied
32. A. acknowledged B. supported C. loved D. helped
33. A. remember B. sense C. predict D. value
34. A. smile B. kiss C. glance D. nod
35. A. experience B. job C. chance D. position
The drum__36__ (accompany) Chinese civilization for thousands of years and has a deep spiritual meaning which takes its existence far beyond a musical instrument. Confucius regarded the “Drum Dance” 37 (high). It is also the origin of the Chinese phrase “guwu” __38 __means “embolden“ in English.
The earliest reference to the drum in China is in the Pottery Age. The Zhou dynasty__ 39 __ (establish) the drum music institution that was responsible for the management officials known__ 40 __”drum men” and developed a complete drum music system. Krom then on, drums came to be used in ancient Chinese__ 41__ (practice) such as sacrifice, military, labor and other activities.
In ancient China, agriculture was the main form of production and drums __42__（consider） inseparable for a good harvest. Since the sound of drums echoes that of thunder, it was believed that __43__（play） drums could attract rain.
Dozens of types of Chinese drums exist today. For instance, “Taiping Drum” is used to express hope for peace and prosperity（繁荣）__44 __”Ansai Waist Drum” is meant to show the spirit of the Loess Plateau（黄土高原）and the heroic character of farmers in Northwest China.
The prosperity of drum culture reflects the __45__（stable） and prosperity of Chinese society. For thousands of years, drums have been played in the backdrop as the society lives in peace and contentment.
“You don’t have to come, you know,” Lee whispered angrily.
A few months ago, Dad had suggested taking Lee and his friends on a day trip to the Rocky Mountain National Park. It was meant to be boys only, but then Father decided at the last minute to take Frankie along. Now she was baggage — her brother’s unwanted baggage.
Dad said, “Listen up. You need to take responsibility for your own equipment.” Frankie and the boys dutifully checked their equipment. Frankie looked at Dad’s kit. There was a compass, a survival blanket, first-aid kit, extra water, matches, and more.
By the time they reached the parking lot, it was mid-morning and there were few people around. Frankie and her dad studied the map while the boys hung around.
It was raining lightly when they set out—the boys racing ahead, followed by Dad and Frankie. The trail stretched before them, disappearing into the forest like a path in a fairy tale.
They climbed steadily, the day brightening around them. All around, there was nothing but trees, the bright-blue sky overhead, and glimpses of the magnificent Mummy Ranges.
When they reached an alpine meadow（高山草甸），Dad announced it was lunchtime. Frankie took off her backpack and gazed at the vastness of the landscape surrounding her.
After lunch, Frankie followed behind, determined to put some distance between herself and the boys. Frankie watched Adam climb up the rock, closely followed by Lee and Damien. Dad carefully pulled himself up after the boys, but as he went to stand up, the comer of the rock broke into pieces, and he lost his balance. Although he fell only a short distance, he landed awkwardly and hard. Frankie heard the air go out of him before he prepared another breath to yell.
“Dad fell!” Frankie shouted, her voice edged with tears._____________________________
Not too much later, Lee and Adam were back with a park keeper.______________________
第一部分 阅读理解 (共 20 小题；每题 2.5 分， 满分 50 分)
1—3 CBA 4—7 BDCA 8— 11 ABBC 12— 15 CDDA 16—20 EFADC
第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节，满分 30 分)
第一节(共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分)
21—25 BCDAB 26—30 ACDDC 31—35 BABAC
第二节(共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分， 满分 15 分)
36. has accompanied/has been accompanying 37. highly 38. which/that 39. established
40. as 41. practices 42. were considered 43. playing/to play 44. while/and 45. stability 第三部分 写作 (满分 40 分)
1. 本题总分为 15 分，按 6 个档次给分。
2. 评分时，先根据文章的内容和语言初步确定其所属档次，然后以该档次的要求来衡量、确定或调整档次， 最后给分。
3. 词数少于 60 和多于 100 的， 从总分中减去 2 分。
4. 评分时，应注意的主要内容： 内容要点、应用词汇和语法结构的丰富性和准确性及上下文的连贯性。
5. 拼写与标点符号是语言准确性的一个重要方面， 评分时，应视其对交际的影响程度予以考虑。英、美拼 写及词汇用法均可接受。
6. 如书写较差，以致影响交际， 可将分数降低一个档次。
第六档(13— 15 分)：完全完成了试题规定的任务，完全达到了预期的写作目的。
第五档(10— 12 分)：完全完成了试题规定的任务，达到了预期的写作目的。
——语法结构或词汇方面应用基本准确， 些许错误主要是因尝试较复杂语法结构或词汇所致。 ——应用简单的语句间的连接成分， 使全文结构紧凑。
第四档(7—9 分)：基本完成了试题规定的任务， 整体而言， 基本达到了预期的写作目的。 ——虽漏掉一些内容，但覆盖所有主要内容。
第三档(4—6 分)：未恰当完成试题规定的任务， 信息未能清楚地传达给读者。
第二档(1—3 分)： 未完成试题规定的任务， 信息未能传达给读者。
—— 明显遗漏主要内容， 写了一些无关内容， 原因可能是未理解试题要求。
第一档 (0 分)
——未能传达给读者任何信息。内容太少， 无法评判；写的内容均与所要求内容无关或所写内容无法看清。 三、 参考答案
How’s it going? I’m writing to tell you that next Wednesday is our English Club Activity Day, aiming to offer students more opportunities to show talents and develop different skills as well as self-confidence.
The activities are to be held in the conference hall, where a variety of performances will be given, such as speech contests, drama shows and so on. Would you please come and join us in the activities？We’d really appreciate it if you could give us some valuable advice on how to carry out such activities more effectively.
Looking forward to your reply.
第二节(满分 25 分)
1. 本题总分为 25 分，按七个档次进行评分。
3. 评分时，应先根据作答的整体情况确定其所属的档次，然后以该档次的要求来综合衡量，确定或调整档 次，最后给分。
(1) 词数少于 120 的， 酌情扣分；
(2) 书写较差以致影响交际的， 酌情扣分；
——创造了新颖、丰富、合理的内容，富有逻辑性，续写完整，与原文情境融洽度高； ——使用了多样且恰当的词汇和语法结构，表达流畅，语言错误很少， 且完全不影响理解； —— 自然有效地使用了段落间、语句间衔接手段， 全文结构清晰， 前后呼应，意义连贯。
——创造了比较丰富、合理的内容， 比较有逻辑性，续写比较完整，与原文情境融洽度较高； ——使用了比较多样且恰当的词汇和语法结构，表达比较流畅，有个别错误，但不影响理解； —— 比较有效地使用了语句间衔接手段， 全文结构比较清晰， 意义比较连贯。
——使用了比较恰当的词汇和语法结构， 表达方式不够多样性，表达有些许错误， 但基本不影响理解； ——使用了语句间衔接手段，全文结构比较清晰， 意义比较连贯。
——创造了基本完整的故事内容，但有的情节不够合理或逻辑性不强， 与原文情境基本相关； ——使用了简单的词汇和语法结构， 有部分语言错误和不恰当之处，个别部分影响理解； —— 尚有语句衔接的意识，全文结构基本清晰，意义基本连贯。
—— 内容和逻辑上有一些重大问题， 续写不够完整，与原文有一定程度脱节；
—— 内容和逻辑上有较多重大问题， 或有部分内容抄自原文， 续写不完整， 与原文情境基本脱节； ——所使用的词汇非常有限，语法结构单调， 错误极多， 严重影响理解；
“Dadfell!” Frankie shouted, her voice edged with tears. Concerned and anxious, Frankie cried “Dad? Are you all right?” “My shoulder hurts,” Dad said weakly. On hearing that, Frankie said calmly but firmly, “We need the survival blanket in Dad’s kit.” It was then that she told Lee and Adam to go back down to the keeper station for help. In no time, Lee and Adam repacked one backpack, promising to be back soon. The moment they disappeared from her sight, Frankie adjusted the blanket around her dad and gave him water periodically while Damien watched for Lee and Adam’s return.
Not too much later, Lee and Adam were back with a park keeper. No sooner had the keeper arrived than he checked Dad and announced his arm was broken. “It’s lucky I am on the trail today,” the keeper said. He had radioed for a helicopter, and it was on its way. Then he turned to Frankie. “It’s also lucky you are with your father today. Your brother told me you took charge and kept a cool head.” Lee looked at his sister proudly. Only then did he perceive the true meaning of taking the “unwanted baggage” . Had it not been for the “unwanted baggage”, his dad would have been stuck in great trouble. Frankie gave him a heartwarming smile, her heart dancing.