Thank you for your letter which I received two days ago. You said that you had difficulty in keeping your mind in anything at school now.
Summer is amazing but the memories have already faded. Back-to-school is to some extent okay, but only for about a week. Now you’re so bored and mentally tired that all you can think about is making it through to winter break.
Why is it that we spend most of our time in school daydreaming about getting out? I suppose it’s because we think that whatever lies beyond school is more fun and less demanding, and that once we’re out, the “good times” will truly begin. But for some students, getting out of school means even more school, while for others it means getting a job. So what really changes? If what’s happening around us stays pretty much the same (deadlines, responsibilities, hard work), then what hope is there for real happiness?
Come on. Look around. There are people who actually seem to be enjoying their lives. They too go to school, have tests, yet they’re having a great time. I guarantee they’ve had bad hair days, friends who have stabbed them in the back(在他们背后捅刀子), acne(粉刺) that’s flared up at the wrong time, a most embarrassing moment and things they couldn’t afford.
The difference is they’re not letting the things they can’t control take over their lives. They’ve accepted the fact that the path to happiness is full with wastes and that they will step in it occasionally. How you deal with them will determine whether you’re happy or not. So focus on the positive things and you’ll notice that the “good times” are all around you.
1．Most students are looking forward to getting out of school because .
A.they want to say goodbye to the boring school life
B.good times will truly begin when they leave school
C.they think they can find something interesting and feel relaxed
D.they can really find and enjoy the happiness of life
2．The last paragraph is mainly talking about “ ”.
A.where there is a will, there is a way
B.take things easy and life is a bed of roses
C.thinking deeply before taking actions
D.to be happy and choose positive attitude
3．The editor who wrote this letter is likely to .
A. give John some advice on life B. show pity for John’s difficulties
C. explain where the happy time is D. share his opinion on writing skills
In many countries today, laws protect wildlife. In India, the need for such protection was realized centuries ago.
About 300 B.C. an Indian writer described forests that were somewhat like national parks today. The killing of beasts was carefully supervised (监视). Some animals were fully protected. Within the forest, nobody was allowed to cut wood for building, burn wood for fire, or catch animals for their fur. Animals that became dangerous to visitors were caught or killed outside the park so that other animals would not become uneasy.
The need for wildlife protection is greater now than ever before. About a thousand species of animals are in danger of extinction, and the speed at which they are being destroyed has increased. Taking mammals(哺乳动物)for example, the speed of extinction was about one species every fifty years from A.D.1 to1800, but now it is about one species every year. Everywhere, men are trying to solve the problem of protecting wildlife and caring for the rapid growth of the world’s population.
4.In forests of ancient India__________.
A. people were allowed to hunt for fun B. only a few kinds of animals could be killed
C .the killing of beasts was strictly limited D. no killing of beasts was allowed
5. The underlined word “extinction” in Paragraph 3 probably means __________.
A. being hungry B. being killed
C. growing slowly D. dying out
6. The example of man’s connection with wildlife protection can date back to __________.
A. the third century B. 2,300 years ago
C. A.D.1800 D. over 300 years ago
7. According to the passage, it is necessary for people to do something to protect our environment because__________.
A. animals became dangerous to visitors
B. about a thousand species of animals are in danger of dying out
C. a species can be used to a new environment
D. laws have been passed
Daylight Saving Time ended on November6, and most Americans have turned their clocks back an hourAt6:50 am these days, my sixth-grader, Joanna, is now awake. When she sets off for school, the sun has been up nearly a full hour. Just a 60-minute change has lightened both the morning and her mood(心情). At breakfast today, I think I even saw a smile.
When we move our clocks forward an hour, noon no longer is the time when the sun is near its highest point in the sky. Suddenly, body’s schedules don’t keep in step with solar, which is a big thing biologically(生物学上地).
Humans have long had a daily cycle of light and dark. That sets the paces of our bodies, from when we sleep and wake to when hormones(荷尔蒙) are let out. Morning light, in particular, means the time to wake up. Dark mornings and light evenings mean people’s body clocks don’t line up with the sun. That mismatch can influence sleep, making for sleepy people. In the evenings,if there’s still light in the sky, it messes with our brains. The brains of teens are even more sensitive(敏感的).Their brains wait an hour or two longer to let out melatonin, which tells the bodies of kids and adults alike that it’s time to go to sleep. Bedtime can be hard for older kid because they’re just not as sleepy as they used to be. And as I’ve leaned with my daughter, i
you throw early school stat times in the mix, rising and shining can be even harder.
But when Daylight Saving Time begins again in March, we’ll also have to adjust(适应). don’t know if my daughter will ever be bright-eyed and bushy-tailed in the mornings (I’m not), but when mornings eventually get darker, experts’ advice may give us something to fall back on:regular sleep, meal and exercise.
8.How did Joanna probably feel on the mornings during Daylight Saving Time?
A. Excited. B. Sad. C. Energetic. D. Patient.
9.Why does Daylight Saving Time have biological effects on children?
A.Their biological clock and the sun are mismatched.
B. An earlier bedtime leads to sleeplessness.
C.The lateness of waking up time causes tiredness.
D.Daylight Saving Time leads to too much sleep.
10.How long does Daylight Saving Time last in the author’s place?
A. About five months. B. About six months.
C. About eight months. D. About eleven months.
11.What is the author’s attitude to Daylight Saving Time?
A.Unclear. B.Hopeful. C.Unsupportive. D.Uncaring.
“I left Carrara when I was 26, and I was the youngest stone-cutter on the Abu Simbel worksite,” says Luciano Paoli. Aged 78, he is one of the workers with first-hand experience of this international adventure: the rescue of the Ramesses II temples in Egypt from the rising waters of the Aswan High Dam.
A green hand from the marble ( 大理石) caves of Carrara who helped cut the temples of Abu Simbel into blocks, Paoli attended the event celebrating the 50th anniversary ( 周年纪念) of the adventure, hosted by Salini Impregilo and the Museo Egizio (Egyptian Museum) in Turin, Italy.
On February 4, 2019, the rescue of the world heritage site was celebrated at an event held at the museum with Chief Executive Pietro Salini, Museo Egizio Director Christian Greco and UNESCO Regional Director Ana Luiza Thompson-Flores attending.
“Taking down two temples piece by piece, putting them back together elsewhere and perfectly rebuilding the landforms (地貌) around them was a great idea and showed us a new frontier (领域) for cultural protection,” said Salini. “It also showed the world that progress did not have to come at the expense of a world heritage site. Today, 50 years after this fantastic project, we remember with great admiration all those people from different countries and cultures, who, with their unique skills, achieved this impressive achievement for future generations.”
The work of moving the temples, in which Impregilo took part, was done with the support of 50 countries and some 2, 000 people in little more than 1,100 days.
This unique project is also being celebrated with the publication of “Nubiana”, a multimedia tome ( 多媒体巨著) that tells the story of the temples built more than 3,000 years ago in honour of the great Pharaoh Ramesses II. It also describes the engineering challenges of their rescue by international teamwork.
12. Why did Paoli leave Carrara at age 26?
A. To learn stone-cutting skills. B. To work on an international team.
C. To attend a 50th anniversary event. D. To fight against a rising flood in Egypt.
13. What can we learn from Salini’s words in Paragraph 4?
A. He thought highly of the great project.
B. He had a long wait for the anniversary.
C. He called on us to protect cultural heritage.
D. He expected future generations to work together.
14. What do we know about “Nubiana”?
A. It is the fruit of international effort. B. It is part of the anniversary celebration.
C. It is in honour of the Pharaoh Ramesses II. D.It shows the engineering of building temples.
15. What is the text mainly about?
A. Impregilo’s huge success as an organiser. B. Paoli’s great achievement as a stone-cutter.
C. Two processes in the rescue of Abu Simbel. D. The celebration of the Abu Simbel rescue.
Easy Ways to Keep Your Brain Sharp
Everyone is forgetful, but as we grow old, we start to feel like our brains are slowing down a bit, which can be a very annoying thing. ___1__ Read on for some techniques worth trying
People who regularly made plans and looked forward to future events had a 50% reduced chance of getting Alzheimer’s disease (阿尔茨海默病)，according to a study. ___3__ Something as simple as setting a goal to have a weekly coffee date with a friend will do. There’s evidence that people who have a purpose in life or who are working on long- or short-term (短期的) goals appear to do better. In other words, keep your brain looking forward to future events.
Go for a walk.
Slightly raised glucose (葡萄糖) levels can harm the area of your brain that helps you form memories. Physical activity can help get blood glucose down to normal levels. In fact, exercise produces chemicals that are good for your brain. ___4___
Learn something new.
Take a foreign language class online, join a drawing club, or learn to play cards. A study found that mental stimulation(刺激) limits the weakening effects of aging on memory and the mind. But the best thing for your brain is when you learn something new and are physically active at the same time. ___5___ Or go dancing with your friends.
A.Focus on the future.
B.It should be something like learning gardening.
C.This can be especially harmful to the old people.
D.So take a few minutes each day to do some reading.
E.But don’t worry if your schedule isn’t filled with life-changing events.
F.Luckily,research shows there is a lot you can do to avoid those moments.
G.In other words,when you take care of your body, you take care of your brain.
There is a tree full of ripe plums (李子) with branches hanging over our house. Every single morning when I see plums on the ground, I am ____1____. “Wow, plums!” I say to myself and look up at the ____2____, and sure enough there are plums there.
I ____3____ the tree saying, “If I put the plum here, exactly where you walk, maybe you will see it.” I ____4____ over the plum on the way out and see it on my way back, thinking how often I ____5____ it and step over it. Every time I stop and see a plum, I feel as though someone has given me a ____6____.
“For me?” I said to the plum tree one morning as I ____7____ some plums. “You could have.” Maybe we’re supposed to ____8____ our gifts to the world with generosity and love.
It seems that I have a hard time accepting that fruit falls freely from the sky. Is the tree ____9____ with me on purpose? Is there part of me that doesn’t feel worthy of receiving free plums from the sky? Is life ____10____ to have moments that are so sweet and easy?
Sometimes it feels as though the tree were ____11____ to me and she were saying, “For you. For you. For you.” When I listen to her, I feel the ____12____ of her offering, and this is when my heart breaks. Despite the ___13____ of a day, there can be tender, ___14____ moments in nature that feel to me like there’s a force out there that ___15____ me refreshed (振奋的).
1．A．upset B．surprised C．anxious D．calm
2．A．tree B．table C．grass D．ground
3．A．remember B．expect C．imagine D．admit
4．A．look B．step C．watch D．throw
5．A．wear B．enjoy C．miss D．trust
6．A．trouble B．trick C．fact D．gift
7．A．forced B．refused C．bought D．gathered
8．A．produce B．receive C．earn D．offer
9．A．pointing B．agreeing C．discussing D．sharing
10．A．frightened B．allowed C．locked D．shown
11．A．arguing B．walking C．referring D．talking
12．A．generosity B．peace C．temper D．knowledge
13．A．attention B．choice C．pleasure D．difficulty
14．A．confusing B．hard C．touching D．sorrowful
15．A．keeps B．hopes C．needs D．causes
On keeping a Diary in English
Keeping a diary in English is one of the 1．____ (effect) ways to improve our English writing ability.
2．_____ (compare) with other forms of writing, it is shorter and takes3．____（little） time. It can help us to develop the habit of thinking in English. 4．_____ we persist in this practice, gradually we’ll learn how to express ourselves in English. In keeping a diary in English, we certainly run up against many 5．____（difficult）. In the first place, 6．___ often happens that we have trouble7．_______(find) appropriate words and phrases to give expression to our mind. Secondly, there are many idiomatic ways of saying things in Chinese. And it is extremely hard for us to put them into English properly.
As far as I 8．___ (concern), my suggestion is that we should always have a notebook and a Chinese-English dictionary within easy reach. Whenever something beats us, we can first put it down in our notebook and then consult our dictionary. We can also turn to our English teacher for help, if necessary. In short, I believe that it is 9．_____ great use to keep a diary in English for 10．_____ development of our writing skills.
第一节 近日,你们班就中学生该不该进行军训(military training)进行了讨论。针对这一讨论,请你写一篇80词左右的英语短文,发表你的看法。内容要点如下:
1.提高纪律意识和合作精神; 2.军训内容; 3.你的看法。
One day, my brother and I were alone in our apartment. The reason was that my parents had both gone for a ball party and had left me in charge of everything.1 was doing my homework while my younger brother was watching TV. All of a sudden, the doorbell rang. Ding Dong! Ding Dong! My younger brother had rushed to the door before I decided to answer the door. We both thought that our parents had come home. As a result, he unlocked the door and opened it.
Outside of the house stood a man who wore a black raincoat and black rubber boots. He looked no different from other people and he said that he was a salesman and asked politely if our mother or father was at home so he could talk with them.
Without any thinking, my brother said, “No.” He asked if we would like to buy some comic books, which he was selling. I quickly explained to him that we were not supposed to buy anything without our parents’ permission. However, it seemed that he was not willing to follow my advice and he had an intention to enter our house.
Then, I realized something terrible would happen. As I was about to close the door, he forced his way into our house. He took out a knife and forced me to tie up my brother’s hands with some rope which he took out from his pocket. I tied up my brother’s hands but I tied it in a special way so he could untie himself as we often did. The man then tied my hands up and locked both of us in the kitchen.
Soon, he went upstairs to search the bedroom for something valuable. I managed to teach my brother to untie the rope on his hands. He then untied me. I rushed to the telephone to call the police, but line was dead.
The doors were all locked from the outside and what’s more, I did not have the keys.
Just at the same time our parents came back home.
CDA CDBB BACC BABD
BACBC DDDDB DADCA
1.effective/most effective 2.Compared 3less 4.If 5.difficulties
6.it 7.finding 8.am concerned 9.of 10.the