1．What is the man’s main form of exercise now?
A．Running. B．Cycling. C．Swimming.
2．Why doesn’t the woman sell her paintings?
A．She doesn’t think she is talented enough.
B．She doesn’t care about making money.
C．She doesn’t know how to begin.
3．What did the woman use to forget to do?
A．Write down the calories. B．Count the calories. C．Read the calories.
4．What painting does the woman like better?
A．One about the countryside.
B．One with modern style.
C．One with imaginative colors.
5．How will the woman help the man?
A．By helping him paint.
B．By handing in a painting.
C．By filling in a form.
6．What will the man do in the show?
A．Sing a song. B．Draw a picture. C．Play the piano.
7．How long will the show last?
A．Two hours. B．Three and a half hours. C．Four hours.
8．How many Edward’s books does Marie have?
A．15. B．10. C．5.
9．How did Marie get the book For Lovers of Birds?
A．She bought it online.
B．She got it from her aunt.
C．She borrowed it from the library.
10．Who is the man’s favorite artist?
A．Monet. B．Van Gogh. C．Edward Lear.
11．Who might the woman be?
A．A TV hostess.
B．A news broadcaster.
C．The hostess of a cultural activity.
12．What did Daniel Robinson do at the age of 10?
A．He wrote his own music.
B．He started learning the piano.
C．He joined the Julliard School.
13．What will Daniel Robinson do?
A．Give a speech. B．Give a concert. C．Sign some books.
14．Why does the speaker join the gym?
A．To meet new friends. B．To lose weight. C．To keep fit.
15．What does the speaker say about the gym?
A．It is owned by the company he works for.
B．It is large and has kinds of machines.
C．It is expensive to join the gym.
16．How long does the speaker usually exercise on the rowing machine?
A．10 minutes. B．20 minutes. C．30 minutes.
17．What will the speaker exercise if he wants to exercise more?
A．His arms. B．His back. C．His legs.
18．When did Mozart begin to compose music?
A．At the age of four.
B．At the age of five.
C．In his early teens.
19．Where was Mozart’s first major opera performed?
20．What did Mozart do when he stopped performing?
A．He did business.
B．He taught for a living.
C．He composed music.
Through interacting with people and the outdoors, a cycling holiday can boost both your physical and mental well-being. We have researched the best routes for the perfect cycling holiday here in the UK. With locations across the UK, you’ll be sure to find your next cycling destination here.
The best cycling route here in the UK is the Camel Trail in North Cornwall. Stretching 27.8 kms from Padstow to Wenfordbridge, this cycling route is not only a fairly flat cycle, but is also home to some breathtaking views of the coast and family-friendly camping spots. Perfect for families, the Camel Trail follows alongside sandy beaches and villages along the way, meaning there’s more to discover.
The Tissington Trail takes you from Ashbourne in the Derbyshire Dales, all the way up to Parsley Hay. Taking you through the south of the beautiful Peak District, the Tissington Trail follows an old railway line which still has the former station platforms. Filled with lots of history and nature, and only a 25-minute drive to Alton Towers for a bit of added fun, this holiday is jam-packed with plenty to do for the whole family.
Derby Canal Path and Cloud Trail
The Derby Canal Path and Cloud Trail stretches 21.4 kms from Derby to the market town of Loughborough. Taking you along the picturesque countryside, and waterside sections, this cycling route has it all. Local attractions on the route include Melboume Hall and Gardens, and Melboume Animal Farm.
The Marriott’s Way is another long distance cycle and footpath that starts in Norwich and finishes in Reepham. Perfect for cycling through Norfolk’s picturesque woodlands, the Marriott’s Way also passes through picturesque small towns and villages including Attlebridge, Whitwell, and Theme Thorpe. The Marriott’s Way cycling trail has the steepest ascent out of the four best cycling holidays, so may be the best for those who are keen riders.
If you choose to venture out on a cycling holiday this year, you’ll feel the benefit of spending time with family and friends while exploring some of the UK’s most scenic and enjoyable cycling routes. Take your pick from our best cycling holidays in the UK for your next staycation, whether you’re a novice rider or looking for a challenge.
21．What can people gain from a cycling holiday?
A．Improved cycling skills.
B．Better mood and stronger body.
C．Increased knowledge of the ocean.
D．Deepened understanding of green travelling.
22．If you are interested in the beautiful scenery and history, you can choose________
C．Derby Canal Path and Cloud Trail
23．What is the main purpose of this passage?
A．To discuss the benefits of cycling.
B．To encourage people to go cycling.
C．To introduce some cycling holiday tracks.
D．To analyze the differences among the four routes.
Cimabue,the greatest painter in medieval Italy, was surprised when he discovered that a fly had landed on one of his works.“Shoo!”he shouted, but it remained still. Finally, he reached out to touch the insect. To his surprise, he found only wet paint. Actually Giotto had painted the fly when Cimabue was away, and it looked so real that Cimabue had been completely fooled.
Giotto di Bondone was born in a poor farming family. Legend has it that while he was tending goats he drew a picture on a rock and that the artist Cimabue,who happened to be passing by, saw him at work and was so impressed with the boy’s talent that he took him into his studio as an apprentice(学徒).
In the Middle Ages,an apprentice’s job was to copy his master as exactly as he could, which resulted in a distinct lack of new ideas. In fact,art in the Middle Ages seemed to have been stuck in a rut. The people in paintings didn’t look like real people,and the symbolism of art was often so remote that it must have been difficult for viewers to connect with it on a personal level. But Giotto thought art could be something more.
To accomplish this goal, Giotto adopted many techniques that were uncommon at the time. He painted people the way he saw them,instead of the overly tall and boxy people that other artists painted. He created three-dimensional space by using perspective, something that had not been done since Roman times. Finally, he threw out parts of the symbolism associated with medieval painting. For example, at that time the Christ Child was usually drawn as a mature man who was only a baby in size. This symbolized that Christ was wise even though he was young. Instead,Giotto painted the Christ Child as a baby,which emphasized the human relationship between the child and his mother.
The ideas Giotto brought to painting throughout his life revolutionized the art world and made him one of the greatest painters ever.
24．Why does the author mention the fly event in paragraph 1?
A．To prove the pupil outdoes the master.
B．To stress the fly was vividly painted.
C．To relate how Cimabue was tricked.
D．To demonstrate art has no limits.
25．Why did Cimabue decide to instruct Giotto?
A．Giotto would be a helpful assistant.
B．Cimabue desired to rid Giotto of poverty.
C．Giotto badly needed Cimabue’s guidance.
D．Cimabue sensed a great potential in Giotto.
26．What can we learn about art in the Middle Ages in paragraph 3?
A．It lacked innovation. B．It highlighted realism.
C．It bonded well with viewers. D．It underwent great changes.
27．Why did Giotto paint the Christ Child as a baby?
A．To portray people in a realistic way.
B．To try the technique of perspective.
C．To distinguish himself from other painters.
D．D．To bring a sense of symbolism to his painting.
There has been a very serious decline(下降) in the numbers of shallow-water fish as a result of overfishing. People still want to eat fish, so the fishing industry must look at other sources, especially the deep waters of the Atlantic. This has resulted in a sharp decline in the numbers of many of the species caught.
Protective measures will have to be put into effect if these deep-sea fish are to survive. Research on five such species shows that numbers have reduced by between 87 percent and 98 percent. This puts them on the list of “extremely endangered”. Many species could well disappear completely if the present trend continues. These are species that have been swimming in our oceans for hundreds of millions of years.
The problem is stressed by the fact that the decline in numbers happened in less than twenty years. Deep-sea fish take a long time to reproduce and normally live for many years. Unfortunately, their reproduction rate is very low. The average size of such fish also declined, with one species showing a 57 percent decline in average size. This is of typical concern, as large fish tend to produce more descendants than small ones.
None of these facts has been taken into consideration by the fishing industry. The deep-sea species have been caught as if they were the fast-breeding(快速繁殖) fish like sardine and herring. It is like killing elephants as if they reproduced at the same rate as rabbits.
The damage done by overfishing goes beyond the sea environment. Millions of people make a living in the fishing industry. Billions of people rely on fish for protein. Measures must be taken to not only preserve ecosystems, but also sustain livelihoods and ensure food security.
28．Why did people start fishing for deep-sea fish?
A．Because deep sea fish tastes better.
B．Because there are not enough fish to eat in the shallow sea.
C．Because technological development makes it easier to catch deep-sea fish.
D．Because water pollution in shallow sea areas is serious.
29．According to paragraph 3, what serious results have been caused by the fishing of deep-sea fish?
A．There are deep-sea fish species that are completely extinct.
B．Deep-sea fish have lost their ability to reproduce.
C．Deep-sea fish reproduce more slowly.
D．The size of deep-sea fish has decreased.
30．What can be inferred from paragraph 4?
A．The fishing industry catches deep-sea fish in a ruinous way.
B．Elephants reproduce at the same rate as rabbits.
C．Sardine and herring are also endangered like deep-sea fish.
D．Elephants are being killed in large numbers.
31．What can we learn from the passage?
A．Fast-breeding fish do not need protection.
B．The decline in deep-sea fish has occurred in the last 20 years.
C．The results of overfishing should be taken seriously.
D．The destruction of the deep-sea environment does not affect human life.
A perfectly preserved wreck (沉船) that has lain unnoticed in the icy Baltic Sea for over 500 years has finally been confirmed. The European ship was first observed in 2009,when a sonar (声呐) exploration by the Swedish Maritime Administration (SMA) indicated a large object in the area. However, it was not until early 2019 that researchers from Soton and MMT found evidence of the sunken ship using underwater robotic cameras.
When the team observed the pictures of the 60-foot-long shipwreck, they were surprised to discover it was 99 percent complete. The scientists considered that the wreck’s good condition is due to its place in the Baltic Seabed, where the oxygen levels are low. Oxygen is key to most ocean life’s survival. Therefore, such an environment where the shipwreck stays reduces or completely removes the creatures that feed on rotting wood.
So although this ship is contemporary to the times of Christopher Columbus, it shows a remarkable level of preservation after 500 years at the bottom of the sea. Dr. Pacheco-Ruiz, who led the MMT effort, said, “It’s almost like it sank yesterday. It’s a truly astonishing sight.”
The scientists are unsure what let the ship sink. However, the ship’s guns, which are in their “ready to fire” positions, indicate it may have been the victim of a naval battle. Since the ship dates back to the early 16th century, historians predict it may have sunk during Sweden’s three year independence war with its Danish rulers between 1521 and 1523.Alternatively,it could also have been involved in the border dispute (争端) between Russia and Sweden from 1554 to 1557.
The ship is by far the best-preserved shipwreck ever found from the Age of Exploration, when Europeans explored the world by sea.
What’s more exciting is that the ship is similar to the Pinta and La Nina, which Columbus famously sailed toward North America. The scientists, who continue to observe the shipwreck hope the boat’s design will expose some of the technologies available to the Italian explorer during his 1492 voyage of discovery.
32．What scientific achievement did Soton’s and MMT’s researchers make?
A．Discovering a wreck using sonar. B．Getting the wreck out of icy water.
C．Identifying the object found by SMA． D．Making the ancient wreck well preserved.
33．What can we learn about the place of the sunken ship?
A．It is generally unfit for creatures to live in. B．It is tough for scientists to do research.
C．It contains too many harmful gases. D．It is filled with rotting wood.
34．What did Dr. Pacheco-Ruiz’s words reflect?
A．His curiosity about the time when the ship sank.
B．His amazement at the ship’s previous grandness.
C．His surprise at the wreck’s well-preserved condition.
D．His shock at the sinking of the great European ship.
35．What’s paragraph 4 mainly about?
A．The damage to the ship. B．The causes of the ship’s sinking.
C．The construction of the ship. D．The possible function of the ship.
To hug or not to hug? That’s the question right now. ____36____ Depending on where you live, many of us are vaccinated (打疫苗). But it’s hard to know for sure before you hug whether or not the person you’re leaning into has got vaccinated. Meanwhile, many of us are longing for the warmth of a hug after long stretches of social isolation. Humans biologically need touch, and a good long hug is one of the best ways to get it.
Degge White, a professor at Northern Illinois University, says that our need for a hug goes all the way back to the survival of our species. When we’re born, we can’t care for ourselves and we need to be comfortable with being held in order to survive. ____37____ “When we hug, our brains release oxytocin, the bonding hormone (荷尔蒙), as well as serotonin and endorphins.”
____38____ Because for humans, the security of our small groups and later communities was very important to survival. Close contact helped build civilization. As a result, our brains need each other—and when we miss out, it can have psychological repercussions (心理影响). “When we can’t hug, we don’t get that feeling of good hormones.”
We may not know what we’re getting from greeting our friends and family with a hug; we just enjoy it. ____39____ An air greeting is not enough. Research published in the journal Psychological Science has shown that hugging has a “stress buffering (缓冲)” effect that may even protect us from illness and infections.
Some people grow up in more formal households where hugging isn’t common. Others may experience abuse that makes hugging unpleasant. In both cases, when children don’t experience healthy touch, it can impact their development. Kids who didn’t grow up being held miss out on that sense of safety and protection. They may act out or isolate from those around them. ____40____ Some children may show too much affection, desiring any form of positive attention that they didn’t get at home.
A．In some cases, the opposite may also be true.
B．This bond and sense of community has an important role.
C．We’re in an uncertain place in the world of greetings manner.
D．It isn’t until those experiences are taken away that we feel pain and sadness.
E．When friends reach out in preparation for a hug, they feel hormones increasing.
F．We’re rewarded with a rush of feel-good chemicals that come from a comfortable hug.
G．The lack of touching might imply cold attitudes in interpersonal relationships.
After five long years, it appears California’s drought is finally becoming less severe. ___41___ a recent string of storms, more than a third of the state has now welcomed healthy precipitation (降水量), and California’s snowpack—a(n) ___42___ source of water as the year progresses—has reached nearly twice its seasonal average in some parts of the Sierra Nevada. That’s a dramatic improvement over last summer, when literally every inch of the state ___43___ drought conditions. It’s also welcome news for Californians, who have faced a series of water ___44___ since Governor Jerry Brown declared a state of emergency in early 2014. Farmers have been forced to spend heavily to maintain production.
The state’s water struggles, ___45___, are far from over. For one, nobody knows for sure how long these rains will last. Although recent precipitation has been ___46___—in some places more than 80 inches—the accuracy of storm forecasting remains ___47___ beyond a week. Californians know this all too well: last year, experts projected a “Godzilla” El Niño that would bring record levels of precipitation. It never ___48___. “Will six weeks from now be wet?” asks Jeanine Jones, California’s interstate water-resources manager. “The skill in that kind of forecasting is just not there.”
___49___, a storm slowdown is a very real possibility—and it could leave California without enough water to make it through the dry summer. ____50____, when that happens, the state has turned to groundwater stored in natural rock formations deep beneath the earth’s surface. But those ____51____ remain used up after years of drought; restoring them could take years in some places, says Jones.
The quick inrush of water has also created a(n) ____52____ balancing act for water managers. Keeping surface reservoirs (水库) filled to the edge protects against the possibility of a sudden dry spell, but it also
____53____ the risk of flooding if and when future storms hit. To that end, water managers opened the Sacramento Weir floodgates earlier this month to pour reservoir water into nearby fields after ____54____ showed local water levels would likely continue to rise. That’s a calculation that will be made across the state in the coming months.
For now, though, Jones is focused on planning and ensuring the state’s water supply whatever may happen. “We’re halfway through our wettest season, and conditions have been encouraging,” she says. “I would say we’re ____55____ optimistic.”
41．A．According to B．With respect to C．Thanks to D．In addition to
42．A．official B．exhaustible C．unexpected D．crucial
43．A．experienced B．improved C．worsened D．investigated
44．A．pollution B．restrictions C．pressure D．cycles
45．A．nevertheless B．therefore C．meanwhile D．moreover
46．A．accurate B．plentiful C．consistent D．emergent
47．A．productive B．unchangeable C．progressive D．unreliable
48．A．fell behind B．broke down C．came about D．took off
49．A．Or else B．In other words C．At that point D．Above all
50．A．Literally B．Contrarily C．Historically D．Consequently
51．A．levels B．formations C．struggles D．reserves
52．A．random B．delicate C．mechanical D．insensible
53．A．heightens B．assumes C．minimizes D．identifies
54．A．restorations B．calculations C．conditions D．projections
55．A．hopelessly B．extremely C．guardedly D．cheerfully
The FIFA World Cup attracts worldwide attention. But have you ever considered how watching the World Cup might affect ___56___(you) health?
Watching sports might have some positive consequences. ___57___(support) a team can give people a sense of community and boost fans’ self-esteem when their team wins. Jason Lanter is a psychology professor at Kutztown University who studies the ___58___(behave) of sports fans. Lanter says people feel like they fit in. They know there ___59___(be) good psychological and health benefits simply from being part of a group.
On the other hand, however, when watching ___60___ intense match like the World Cup, people’s pulse can ___61___(easy) spike(激增), which could cause heart attacks, especially when their teams lose. On the day in 1998 when Argentina defeated England in the World Cup, 55 more people ___62___(admit) to hospitals due to heart attacks, ___63___(compare) to an average day in England. British research revealed that apart ___64___ heart attacks, the excitement, disappointment and flow of adrenalin from watching a national team play might also cause more domestic violence.
John Ryan, a cardiologist at the University of Utah advised people to stay hydrated, stay cool and eat and drink alcohol in moderation. He said those pieces of advice ____65____ we found useful for life in general were also useful while we were watching sports games.
近年来，中学生近视率呈上升趋势。请你为学校“英语园地”宣传栏写一份倡议书, 呼吁大家合理用眼, 保护视力。倡议书内容包括：
Protect our eyesight
If you had to choose one word to describe Kevin, it might have been “slow”. He didn’t learn his ABCs as fast as other kids. He never came in first in the running races. However, Kevin’s smile was brighter than the sun in June; his heart bigger than the sky. Kevin’s enthusiasm for life spread quickly to others? So when he discovered that the teacher, Randy, was putting together a boys’ basketball team, his mother could only answer, “Yes, you may join.”
Basketball became the center of Kevin’s life. At practice, he worked so hard that you’d have thought he was preparing for the NBA．He liked to stand in a certain spot near the free- throw (罚球) line and shoot baskets. Patiently, he stood there throwing ball after ball after ball, until finally it would get into the basket. “Look at me, Coach!” he’d shout to Randy, jumping up and down, his face just glowing with the excitement of it all. His teammates were also moved by Kevin’s perseverance, and they insisted on practicing with him.
Kevin and his whole team truly loved basketball. But just loving the game doesn’t help you win. More balls fell out of the basket than into it, and the boys lost every game that season by very large scores, except one: the night it snowed and the other team couldn’t make it to the game. At the end of the season, the boys had their last competition. As the last-place team, they drew the unfortunate spot of playing against the first-place team—the tall, undefeated first-place team.
The game went pretty much as expected, and near the middle of the fourth quarter Kevin’s team stood nearly 30 points behind. At that point, one of Kevin’s teammates called time-out. As he came to the side, Randy couldn’t imagine why the time-out had been called. “Coach,” said the boy. “I know that Kevin has never made a basket. But this is our last game and I think we should let Kevin make a basket to achieve his dream.” With the game completely out of reach, the idea seemed reasonable, so plans were made.
Every time Kevin’s team had the ball, Kevin was to stand in his special spot near the free- throw line and they would give him the ball.
Kevin missed every chance with this pattern continuing a few more times, and the spectators (观众) finally figured out what was happening.
8．B 9．A 10．A
11．C 12．A 13．A
14．C 15．A 16．A 17．C
18．B 19．A 20．C
21．B 22．B 23．C
24．B 25．D 26．A 27．A
28．B 29．D 30．A 31．C
32．C 33．A 34．C 35．B
36．C 37．F 38．B 39．D 40．A
41．C 42．D 43．A 44．B 45．A 46．B 47．D 48．C 49．B 50．C 51．D 52．B 53．A 54．D 55．C
56．your 57．Supporting 58．behavior/behaviour 59．are 60．an 61．easily 62．were admitted 63．compared 64．from 65．that/which
Protect our eyesight
Recent years have witnessed an increasing number of students who become near-sighted, bringing eyesight problems of teenagers to public attention. Therefore, I call on everyone to take effective measures to protect our eyesight.
We can make it a habit to stop for a few minutes during our study and look at distant objects to get regular breaks. Besides, we should keep at least 30 centimeters away from the reading material. Last but not least, whenever signs of eyesight problems occur, consult a doctor immediately.
In these ways, we can protect ourselves from becoming near-sighted.
67．Every time Kevin’s team had the ball, Kevin was to stand in his special spot near the free-throw line and they would give him the ball. Kevin skipped extra high as he went onto the court. His first shot bounced around but missed. The player from the other team swiped the ball and took it down to the other end scoring two more points. At that moment, a clear tension and unease appeared on his face. But quickly he adjusted his mindset and got back into the game. As soon as Kevin’s team had the ball again, they passed it to Kevin who obediently stood in his place. But he missed again.
Kevin missed every chance with this pattern continuing a few more times, and the spectators finally figured out what was happening. Little by little people started to stand up and clap their hands. The whole gymnasium thundered with the clapping, hollering, chanting, “Kevin! Kevin!” The whole world was stopped, waiting and wanting for Kevin. Finally, after an infinite amount of tries, the ball took one miraculous bounce and went in. Kevin’s arms shot high into the air and he shouted, “I won! I won!” The clock ticked off the last few seconds and the first-place team remained undefeated. But on that evening, everyone left the game truly feeli