命題人: 曾红霞 夏韵 审题人: 曾红霞
阅读下列短文, 从每题所给的四个选项A、B、C和D中, 选出最佳选项。
As a volunteer, you will discover the unique opportunity of visiting the real world beyond the tourist window and become immersed in the cultures you visit. For many travelers, this time spent working on meaningful projects and getting to know the local area and its people is often regarded as their most memorable, enjoyable and fulfilling experience.
Who can volunteer?
Kaya volunteers are 18-80 years old people with an adventurous spirit. Whether you have time for a 2-week trip or a 6-month break, traveling on your own, with a group or with your family, or you are a student, taking a break from your study or have even retired, they will find a project that can use your help.
What types of projects can you do?
Kaya’s project advisers work with you to decide which project is best for you and what type of work you like to do. You can work in the following fields:
* Environmental preservation—From the Ecuadorian rainforest to the jungle of Thailand, repair the damage done to some of the most beautiful and diverse places on earth.
* Work with children—They have over 40 projects working with children across the world in orphanages, schools and shelters for the abused, and disabled.
* Sports—Through sports their projects can provide opportunities for health education and the development of life skills such as teamwork, communication, discipline and self-confidence.
* Education—From English teaching to education programs for special needs and minority groups, give greater opportunity to the disadvantaged through education.
All projects include airport pick-ups and drop-offs, accommodation, orientation and 24-hour support. Many of their placements also include all meals and some language classes so that you can get even more involved.
- What’s the author’s purpose in writing this passage?
- To inspire people to volunteer. B. To show the advantage of volunteers.
- To call on volunteers to take part in certain projects. D. To explain different projects to volunteers.
- What can a volunteer do while doing the advertised voluntary work?
- Receive some extra pay for their work. B. Travel around for free.
- Help the local people with their work. D. Visit the local places of interest.
- What can we infer from the second part of this passage?
- Few people are willing to do the voluntary work.
B: There are almost no restrictions set on volunteers.
- People without voluntary experiences are not welcome.
- Junior school students can participate in the project.
Five-year-old Willard Wigan struggled to tell the difference between an M and a W or a 6 and a 9. Unfortunately, his schoolteacher knew nothing about dyslexia（阅读障碍症）, a learning disability that can make letters and numbers confusing. She didn’t try to help him. Not surprisingly, Willard didn’t like school. Usually, his mind drifted—to playing outside, to his dog Maxie, or to the ants that lived near his family’s garden shed Willard was especially curious
about those ants. He felt like them—small and insignificant. Thus, when he noticed some ants trying to build a house, he decided to help them! Willard constructed a little building. Then he sprinkled sugar inside to encourage the ants to move in. When they did, Willard built more houses.
At school, Willard still struggled, but now he knew he could do something special. Maybe he wasn’t a failure after all. If he had trouble with his reading or math, Willard would later go home and create tiny furniture for the ant houses. He even built an ant school, with teeny swings, ladders, seesaws, and a merry-go-round. His artistic skill increased, and a love for little things began to grow in his heart.
At age nine, Willard began carving faces on toothpicks. He discovered that his ability improved when he held his breath as he worked. When he quit school at age 15 to help support his family, Willard still spent his spare time carving. His confidence grew as more people appreciated his talent. Eventually, he quit his factory job to pursue his dream of becoming one of the best artists in the world. Now, years later, Willard carves the tiniest artwork in the world! His sculptures are so small that several can fit on a period at the end of a sentence.
Because of their beauty and rarity, his sculptures have made Willard a wealthy man. But he says, “Success isn’t about material things like an expensive watch or a costly ring; it’s about chasing and achieving your dreams.”
Willard Wigan, a micros culptor, has done just that. The man who felt small as a boy has shown the world that something small can really be big.
- Which of the following best describes Willard’s teacher?
- Unsympathetic B. UnhelpfulC. Impatient. D. Careless.
- Why did Willard become interested in building homes for ants?
- Because he had a love for little things. B. Because he was absent-minded in class.
- Because he wouldn’t have to struggle at school. D. Because he thought they both seemed unimproved.
- What can we infer from the text?
- Willard gave up his study in school to pursue his dream.
- Willard became popular when more people appreciated his work.
- Willard was able to carve small artwork in a short period of time.
- Willard found a way to make better artwork when he was-at school.
- Which of the following may Willard agree with?
- Failure is the mother of soccer.
- Success belongs to those who don’t give up.
- Dreaming big is the first step in achieving your gals.
- Talent is sometimes more important for success than hard work.
Slowness has been a sweeping trend in sustainability. Slow food celebrates local produce and traditional cooking methods; slow fashion is made with a focus on people and the planet. You may have even heard of the slow city, a campaign to restore local cultures and turn cities back to their natural environments.
Slow design developed from the larger slow movement. Although the term was only recently introduced, the idea of thoughtful design looks back to a time when buildings and furniture were made with great craftsmanship and by hand-before the mass-produced throwaway furniture took over. You can think of the term “slow” as a celebration of timelessness: both the timelessness of a piece and the timelessness of the relationship between that piece and its owner.
One example of slow design today is what’s been dubbed the brown furniture revival. Brown furniture refers to the heavy wooden furnishings that were popular in your grandparents’ day but suddenly fell out of style at the turn of the century. Brown furniture is often associated with dark woods, such as trees like mahogany, walnut, and teak, that take decades to reach maturity and true craftsmanship to transform into functional pieces.
Today’s furniture industry is dominated by the $13.1 billion-and-growing global ready-to-assemble（RTA）furniture market. RTA furniture is usually constructed from low-quality fiberboard, which lasts a small part of traditional furniture’s lifespan（寿命）. The weight of furniture landfilled in 2018 was 9.7 million tons, 4.5 times what was landfilled in 1960.
In a less direct way, the idea of timelessness also lends itself to a lower environmental impact. Besides their demonstrated physical durability, slow materials and design are meant to outlive trends and never be thrown out simply because they’re out of style.
As second-hand shopping becomes more appealing to today’s young generation-because of its low environmental impact and affordability-the brown furniture of yesteryear is making a comeback.
- What is the intention of the first paragraph?
- To explain a new term. B. To present the topic of the text.
- To provide background information. D. To highlight the importance of slowness.
- What does the underlined word “dubbed” mean in paragraph 3?
- Known as. B. Mistaken for. C. Compared to. D. Connected with.
- What can be inferred about RTA furniture?
- It is out of date. B. It has a long lifespan.
- It is heavy and expensive D. It has bad effects on the environment.
- What is good news for the brown furniture revival?
- Grandparents are baring new furniture.
- The brown furniture will soon be mass-produced.
- The young generation favors second-hand shopping.
- Materials for slow design furniture are more available.
Researchers have developed a device that turns sunlight, carbon dioxide and water into oxygen and formic acid（甲酸）—a stable fuel that can either be used directly or be changed into hydrogen, without requiring any additional components or electricity. The device, developed by a team from the University of Cambridge, is a significant step toward achieving artificial photosynthesis（光合作用）.
Harvesting solar energy to turn carbon dioxide into fuels is a promising way to reduce carbon emissions. However, it is challenging to produce these clean fuels without unwanted by- products. “In addition, storage of gaseous fuels can be complicated—we want to get to the point where we can cleanly produce a liquid fuel that can also be easily stored and transported,” said Professor Eisner, senior author of the study.
In 2019, researchers from Eisner’s group developed a solar reactor based on an “artificial leaf” design, which also uses sunlight, carbon dioxide and water to produce a fuel, known as syn-gas. The new technology is quite similar to the artificial leaf but works in a different way and produces formic acid, which can be chemically transformed into different types of fuel.
The artificial leaf used components from solar-cells, while the new device doesn’t require these components and relies entirely on photo-catalysts（光催化剂）placed on a sheet. The sheets are made up of semiconductor powders, which can be prepared in large quantities easily and cost-effectively. In addition, this new technology produces clean fuels that are easier to store.
“We were surprised how well it worked—it produced almost no by-products,” said Eisner. “Sometimes things don’t work as well as you expected, but this was a rare case where it actually worked better.”
The researchers are now working to further improve efficiency. Additionally, they are exploring other catalysts to get different solar fuels. “We hope this technology will pave the way toward sustainable and practical solar fuel production,” said Eisner.
- What was a problem with artificial photosynthesis?
- It consumes too much electricity.
- It produces too many by-products.
- The energy it produces is not easy to store.
- The energy it produces cannot be used directly.
- What advantage does the new device have over the artificial leaf?
- It is more environment-friendly. B. It is lighter and easier to carry.
- It is more economical and efficient. D. It uses less energy-demanding solar calls.
- What do the researchers focus on doing now?
- Trying out new catalysts. B. Making full use of us products.
- Exploring other sustainable fuels. D. Mass-producing their new device.
- What can be the best title for the text?
- The prospect of artificial photosynthesis B. A new device for artificial photosynthesis
- Opportunities and challenges of photo-catalysts D. Artificial leaf: great progress on making clean energy
根据短文内容, 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项, 选项中有两项为多余选项。
Oscar Wilde once said, “Man is least himself when he talks in his own person. Give him a mask, and he will tell you the truth.” Art provides a way to communicate experiences when people lack verbal skills. 16 Art therapy is founded on the assumption that everyone is creative and capable of self-expression.
17 As a restorative practice, it allows people to express themselves in non-verbal ways, such as drawing and painting. Even 45-minute creative activity can change a person’s mental state. Working with an art therapist does even more: 18
Young children typically draw and sing and dance without worrying about their abilities. Adults, however, often have complex feelings about art and art making. They begin to evaluate the quality of their art instead of focusing on self-expression itself. 19 However art therapists can guide people in expressing themselves without concerning whether their artwork is technically brilliant, so that they can connect or reconnect with the artworks that help them deal with life challenges.
What are art therapists’ superpower? They can transform dangerous thoughts into imaginative artworks. For instance, people with violent tendencies might let out their anger by hitting another human being. 20 These artistic choices satisfy the brain’s desire for novelty without compromising personal safety.
- Art therapy is a double-edged sword
- B.Thus, the many benefits of creative self-expression are lost.
- They develop art as an expressive skill for solving problems.
- But, obviously, releasingtheir anger in this way isn’t a good choice.
- E. Art therapy, in its own ways, can influence a range of human functioning.
- It can significantly enhance positive moods and boost measures of well-being.
- However, with art therapists” help, their energy could be changed into creative products.
My mother is 92. Unless I have to be out of town, each week I take my mother to do her 21 and visit the doctor, providing 22 and transportation. During the week, however, she likes to go to a nearby store to 23 some small things she needs.
Last week she walked up to the store, but when she went to pay for her groceries, she was 24 about three dollars. The only 25 to pay for the groceries was to take off the 26 she could do without: a bottle of rubbing alcohol and a bar of soap. By taking off these, she was able to 27 the new total to the amount of cash she had with her.
At this store, people 28 and then go off to the side to 29 their own groceries. My mother was putting her groceries into shopping bags when a 30 came up to her and said, “Here are the things that you 31 .” handing her the rubbing alcohol and the 32 . My mother, who is never speechless, was speechless. She 33 for the woman’s name and address so that she could 34 her. The woman told her it was her 35 .
My mother was so 36 by her gesture that she decided to go back to the store and give the cashier（收银员）a five-dollar bill to keep on hand 37 the same happened to someone else if they didn’t have enough 38 for all of their groceries.
So, whoever you are, thank you for the random act of 39 that not only helped my mother out, but 40 too.
- A. exercise B. housework C. cooking D. shopping
- A. reward B. medicine C. company D. shelter
- A. return B. collet C. order D. buy
- A. short B. cautious C. wrong D. concerned
- A. aim B. way C. advice D. reason
- A. weight B. things C. mask D. glasses
- A. raise B. add C. bring D. switch
- A. show up B. call in C. check out D. sit down
- A. store B. select C. deliver D. bag
- A. stranger B. cashier C. friend D. doctor
- A. looked for B. talked about C. threw away D. put back
- A. receipt B. soap C. cash D. bottle
- A. asked B. waited C. cared D. searched
- A. repay B. trust C. recognize D. help
- A. luck B. chance C. gift D. turn
- A. surprised B. amused C. touched D. convinced
- A. in case B. even if C. as though D. so that
- A. energy B. money C. space D. time
- A. faith B. courage C. kindness D. honor
- A. made her day B. changed her mind C. caught her eye D. met her demand
The first-ever online marketplace for allotments（菜地）, AllotMe, has unveiled plans for rapid 41 （expand）after securing more than 250,000$ from investors. Proposed in May last year by Conor Gallapher, the plan seeks 42 （address）the shortage of available garden space in response to rising demand in towns and cities, particularly in London, 43 there are waiting lists of up to 40 years for allotment sites.
Known as the “Airbnb for Gardens”, AllotMe has grown in popularity, with more than 100 hosts 44 （list）underused space to grow fruit and vegetables across the UK. Some users have already successfully rented space from hosts for more than a year. Now Conor 45 （prepare）a summer campaign, AllotMents 2.0, to increase the number of plots（小块土地）listed by more than 2000percent.
“AllotMe 46 （found）as interest in garden space in cities increased during the pandemic, but 47 highly limited supply,” says Conor. “People are telling us that this is a service they want and we’ll continue our mission to revive underused space in cities by providing a 48 （true）sustainable solution that encourages people to grow their own and eat more healthily, too.”
Conor adds that AllotMents 2.0 will focus on encouraging hosts to think about how the platform can enable 49 （they）space to work for them, whether that’s earning money to spend on other things, managing outdoor space they can’t 50 helping the environment through passive sustainability.
- She is one of the most______________（有影响力的）figures in local politics in the 1960s.
- My 6-year-old nephew______________（蹦蹦跳跳）happily along beside me, looking forward to buying a lollipop.
- The disease could______________（永久）damage the brain, which panicked the infected people.
- Upon hearing the astonishing news, I lost my balance and fell______________（向后）.
- All the crew______________（上船）the ship were rescued, which relieved their families and friends.
- Some cities in the world do not have proper facilities for the garbage______________（处理）.
- In the 200 metres race, Lizzy and Sarah came first and third______________（分别地）.
- The road to happiness is paved with______________（困境）, where one learns to grow up.
- It was too______________（波涛汹涌的）to sail that night, but the old man insisted.
- It’s difficult to preserve your______________（尊严）when you have no job and no home.
- The train crash causing 110 deaths______________（在…中占主导）the news.
- The______________（年报）of this company provide comprehensive information of the finance condition in recent years.
- I need the______________（最大的）amount of information you can give me.
- Eventually, her______________（毅力）paid off and she won a contract with a recording company.
- Though this model cost more money, it is technically______________（更好的）to its competitors.
|set apart from turn out be composed of
turn down straight away conflict with in particular
- She____________________________other journalists by her elegant style.
- If I had known my life was going to______________like this, I would have abandoned then.
- ________________________10 students doing well in mathematics, the team representing our school set out to Beijing to join the competition.
- What______________ did you like about the last school that we saw?
- ______________existing theories, the results of the new research would be verified again.
第三节翻译句子（共5小题, 每小题2分, 满分10分）
- 71. 有确凿的证据表明, 全球变暖导致了很多濒危物种数目的下降。（convince）
____________________________global warming has led to____________________________.
- 72. 无论何时我感到疲惫, 我热心的朋友总是激励我坚持最初的目标。（wear out）
____________________________, my warm-hearted friend always____________________________.
- 73.随着克服的困难越来越多, 我发现他逐渐变为了一个果断的人。（with复合结构; of抽象名词）
____________________________, I found him__________________________________________.
- 74. 如果你接受我的申请, 我将不遗余力地全心投入工作来使你满意。（被动语态: 虚拟语气）
If my____________________________, I____________________________ myself to your satisfaction.
- 一对年迈的夫妇坐在窗前, 从那他们可以欣赏到远处连绵不绝的山脉。（完全倒装句）
____________________________, ____________________________in the distance.
- 可适当增加细节, 以使内容连贯。
Dear Mr. George,
1~3 CDB 4~7 BDDB 8~11 CADC 12~15 CCAB
21~25 DCDAB 26~30 BDCDA 31~35 DBAAC 36~40 CABCA
- expansion; 42. to address; 43. where; 44. listing; 45. is preparing
- was founded; 47. with; 48. truly; 49. their; 50. or
- influential; 52. bounced; 53. permanently; 54. backward; 55. aboard
- management; 57. separately; 58. dilemma; 59. choppy; 60. dignity
- dominated; 62. annual; 63. maximum; 64. persistence; 65. superior
- set apart from; 67. turn out; 68. Being composed of; 69. in particular;
- Conflicted with
- It is fully convinced that, the decline of many endangered species;
- Whenever I wear out, motivate me to stick to my original goal;
- With more and more difficulties overcame, gradually became a man of greatdetermination;
- application is accepted, would spare no effort to devote;
- In front of the window sat an old couple, through which they could enjoy the endlessmountains
Dear George, I’m writing to ask for your help. Our school will hold an English Poetry Reading Contest next weekend. I’m eager to have a try. It’s required that theme should be about nature. Each contestant is given up to five minutes to read the poem. So would you please be so kind to give me some recommendations on which poem to choose? Besides, what I need are the skills of recitation, including pronunciation and intonation, which will perfect my performance.
I’d appreciate it if you could give me some advice. Looking forward to your reply.