- When people talk about the most popular new Chinese Internet words in 2017, the first one ________ comes into their minds is “taolu”.
- which B. that C. what D. of them
- What surprised me was not what he said but the way ________ he said it.
- in which B. which C. in that D. why
- We consider Home Comingto be one of the best films ________.
- that have shown B. that have been shown this year
- that you talked D. that has been shown this year
- There are two buildings, and ________ stands nearly a hundred feet high.
- the larger B. the larger of them
- the larger one that D. the larger of which
- Meetings ________ only two languages are used may need only one interpreter, while larger events ________ leaders from many countries gather may need over 70 interpreters.
- which; where B. where; which
- where; where D. which; which
- The medical worker, along with his colleague, ________ thousands of citizens in the last three years.
- serves B. served
- have served D. has served
- My washing machine ________ this week, so I have to wash my clothes by hand.
- was repaired B. is repaired
- is being repaired D. has been repaired
- The millionaire looked forward to ________ his old house in his hometown, but when he arrived, he found his hometown much ________.
- find; change B. finding; changing
- found; changed D. finding; changed
- I was driving to London _______ I suddenly found that I was on the wrong road.
- when B. that
- where D. which
- Lily is very happy that she has no trouble ________ along with her new classmates in China.
- got B. to getting
- getting D. to get
- During the lockdown of the city, they ________ the community rather than ________ the city.
- pefered to serve; leaving B. preferred to serve; leave
- prefered serving; leaving D. preferred serving; leave
- It is at Al Bayt Stadium in north Doha ________ the 2022 FIFA World Cup is being held ________ soccer fans can enjoy the charm of soccer.
- which; that B. where; that
- 不填; where D. that; which
- Kate heard a man’s voice in the background, but she couldn’t ________ what she was saying.
- make up B. make of
- make out D. make from
- She requested that no one ________ of her decision until the next meeting.
- tell B. had told
- told D. be told
- Wild animals, such as pandas and tigers, ________, so measures should ________ to protect them.
- dying off; take B. are dying; be being taken
- are dying away; take D. are dying out; be taken
Brought to you by the Audio (声音的) Publishers Association (APA) and created by industry experts, this easy-to-use new website provides valuable and practical resources. They help teachers and parents discover the power of audio-books for use in learning programs. See for yourself how sound learning can promote literacy (读写能 力) for children of all ages.
Visit www.SoundLearningAPA.org to explore the lesson plans, watch the videos, and encourage sound learning today.
- Which of the following group might benefit most from sound learning?
- School children. B. Industry experts.
- Parents of Grade 2. D. High school teachers.
- How can sound learning help learners?
- It can help children understand 76% of the text.
- It can increase both reading accuracy and speed.
- It can improve other types of learning by 85%.
- It can help increase test scores of all subjects.
- What can be done with the help of the website?
- Designing lesson plans. B. Getting useful resources.
- Selling audio-books. D. Downloading latest videos.
Architecture is amazing. It has changed the way I look and interact with the world and my environment. It has trained me to be hyper-sensitive (过度敏感) to the built environment, to recognize problems and find solutions that an untrained eye would never notice.
As much as I love this profession, it is very easy to get lost in architecture. I get so focused that I have forgotten about everything else. Luckily my passion for cycling kept me sane (清醒的) while I was becoming an architect. I faced a lot of obstacles and challenges taking a bicycle ride across the United States. Looking back, cycling across the America was actually one of the smartest things I ever did.
I have actually bicycled across the continental USA twice; East to west. Atlantic Ocean to Pacific Ocean, both times. Bicycling across America isn’t as hard as you think.
I rode alone on my first trip in 2005 from Virginia Beach to the coast of Florence, Oregon. In the end it was 4,547 miles over the course of 77 days.
I left for the second trip in 2007 with my two best friends from Bar Harbor, Maine to Portland, Oregon, which was a 4,886 mile ride over 90 days. At that time, I fell in love with the idea of leaving the east coast behind, starting a whole new life and career in a new city. I ended up in Portland. After arriving in town on a bike, I eventually found a job, a place to live and an amazing dog.
I share all this not to convince anyone to go biking across America, but only to share how doing this has changed my life. Architecture has given me a wonderful life and career but it isn’t everything. Thankfully I have also been very passionate about: my friends, traveling, bicycles, punk rock, technology, the internet, my dog, and even yoga. My architecture background has definitely sweetened my relationship with all those things.Becoming an architect is a noble pursuit (追求), but you should keep pursuing everything else that you are passionate about. It will enhance your architecture career and ultimately make you a more interesting person, which in my opinion is really more important than being another silly architect.
- What’s the advantage of cycling according to the author?
- Changing his negative attitude to architecture.
- Keeping himself focused on his career all the time.
- Enabling him to find solutions without training.
- Making him a much better architect and person.
- What does the author think of his two cross-country bike trips?
- They are harder than what he expected before.
- They show the benefits of riding with friends.
- They give him some positive experiences.
- They guarantee him a new life and career in Portland.
- What can be inferred from Paragraph 6?
- Don’t get completely lost in your hobbies.
- Don’t abandon hobbies for your profession.
- Don’t feel ashamed of stopping your hobbies.
- Don’t weigh your family against your profession.
- In the last paragraph, the author reminds us to ________.
- take up the pursuit of becoming an architect
- find what we are really passionate about
- appreciate other people’s good will
- keep other pursuits besides your career
You’ve heard that plastic is polluting the oceans — between 4.8 and 12.7 million tonnes enter ocean ecosystems every year. But does one plastic straw (吸管) or cup really make a difference? Artist Benjamin Von Wong wants you to know that it does. He builds massive sculptures out of plastic garbage, forcing viewers to re-examine their relationship to single-use plastic products.
At the beginning of the year, the artist built a piece called “Strawpocalypse,” a pair of 10-foot-tall plastic waves, frozen mid-crash. Made of 168,000 plastic straws collected from several volunteer beach cleanups, the sculpture made its first appearance at the Estella Place shopping center in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.
Just 9% of global plastic waste is recycled. Plastic straws are by no means the biggest source of plastic pollution, but they’ve recently come under fire because most people don’t need them to drink with and, because of their small size and weight, they cannot be recycled. Every straw that’s part of Von Wong’s artwork likely came from a drink that someone used for only a few minutes. Once the drink is gone, the straw will take centuries to disappear.
In a piece from 2018, Von Wong wanted to illustrate a specific statistic: Every 60 seconds, a truckload’s worth of plastic enters the ocean. For this work, titled “Truckload of Plastic,” Von Wong and a group of volunteers collected more than 10,000 pieces of plastic, which were then tied together to look like they’d been dumped (倾倒) from a truck all at once.
Von Wong hopes that his work will also help pressure big companies to reduce their plastic footprint.
- What are Von Wong’s artworks intended for?
- Beautifying the city he lives in.
- Introducing eco-friendly products.
- Calling for environment protection.
- Reducing garbage on the beach.
- Why does the author discuss plastic straws in Paragraph 3?
- To show the difficulty of their recycling.
- To explain why they are useful.
- To voice his views on modern art.
- To find a replacement for them.
- What effect would “Truckload of Plastic” have on viewers?
- Calming. B. Disturbing.
- Relaxing. D. Challenging.
- What does the text mainly focus on?
- Artists’ opinions on plastic safety.
- Media interest in contemporary art.
- Artworks of transformed plastic waste.
- Responsibility demanded of big companies.
Some words copy the sounds made by the things they describe, like “buzz” or “hiss” or “zip”. But what if the way a word sounds could suggest some other feature of an object like its shape?
A new study suggests not only that it can but that the same word can do so across many languages. Marcus Perlman, a lecturer at the University of Birmingham, says that, a century ago, linguists (语言学家) insisted the words used to refer to various objects and actions are arbitrary (随意的) and that words don’t necessarily look or sound like the things they refer to. That makes sense because different languages have different words for the same thing. One person’s pup is another one’s perro. But there’s a lot of evidence now suggesting it is false.
To further explore this connection between words and their meanings, Perlman and his colleagues turned to something called the bouba/kiki effect. With the help of 22 volunteers, the researchers tested it in 25 different languages. Participants were told to look at two shapes. One looks like a cloud which is somewhat round, and the
other one is more pointy, and maybe looks more like a star. And then, they listen to the sound: either “bouba” or “kiki”, both of which are totally made up. Then they were asked, “Which one is bouba and which one is kiki?” Most participants said the rounder shape was bouba and the pointy one was kiki. This suggests there is some widely observed connection between the spoken words and the visual features of the shapes.
As to what that could mean about the evolution (演变) of language: imagine our ancestors when they started using spoken words to refer to things. “They couldn’t say ‘Listen, my friend, now we’re gonna call this new object a table.’” So to get the conversation off the ground, they probably tried to come up with sounds that somehow suggested the object at hand.
- What does the author mean by saying “One person’s pup is another one’s perro”?
- People have personal preferences for the words they use.
- A word can mean the same thing across many languages.
- Different languages have different words for the same thing.
- The sound of a word shows people the shape of an object.
- How did Perlman study the connection between words and their meanings?
- By making up new words.
- By interviewing language learners.
- By conducting an experiment.
- By comparing different languages.
- What do we know about the bouba/kiki effect?
- It helps people understand language evolution.
- It is a language research method created a century ago.
- It makes little sense when it comes to written language.
- It shows the differences between round and pointy objects.
- What can be a suitable title for the text?
- What Is the Shape of a Word?
- How Does Language Develop?
- Nonsense Words Connected to Shapes
- Language Features Little Known to Linguists
For four years, as a coordinator (协调员) for the Harvard First Generation Program, I have been sharing bits and pieces of my college experience on this blog. 46
The most important lesson I learned in college is that you have to give yourself space and time to grow. When I arrived at Harvard, I thought all my college experiences were just the means to the larger end of stability, success, and happiness. 47 Keep your goals in mind and allow them to grow as you push beyond your comfort zone.
Be willing to change your mind. It feels great to win, but you’ll always learn more from your mistakes than you’ll learn from the things you got right the first time. 48 It can be hard in the moment, but it’s valuable in the long run.
49 I was used to handling life without much external guidance. I thought asking for help was equal to admitting defeat, but that wasn’t true. Once I realized that, it became easier to allow myself to rely on friends for support when I really needed it.
As graduation approaches, I often think about a quote by Morrison: “When you get jobs that you have been so brilliantly trained for, remember that your real job is that if you are free, you need to free somebody else. 50 I don’t know what I’ll be doing in five or ten years, but I will be using the resources at my command to live happily with others.
- Don’t hesitate to turn to others when necessary.
- Learn to absorb new ideas while remaining true to yourself.
- It’s OK to care about those things, but don’t box yourself in.
- If you have some power, then your job is to empower somebody else.
- Here are some suggestions for those who are to start or finish college.
- So I’d like to share some unforgettable moments about my college life.
- Over time, I learned to make space to be a better listener, and to admit when I’m wrong.
When I became a junior school student, I decided to take Latin (拉丁语) at school. I felt much 51 about taking that class, and I was fully expecting to be able to understand every word I’d ever 52 once I learned Latin.
But Latin classes were so 53 . Each day, the teacher Mr. Keady would ask us to open our books and recite aloud the various Latin forms of words. Thus it became the daily 54 . That went on until I 55 my hand one afternoon when we were asked yet again to open our books.
When Mr. Keady asked what was wrong, I 56 why I thought that his class was boring how I had 57 more, and that his method of teaching was 58 . When I finished speaking, I 59 Mr. Keady would angrily send me to the head teacher. But it turned out that he didn’t do so.
60 , he sat at his desk quietly, looking 61 and tired. After several moments of 62 Mr. Keady spoke. He quietly and strongly said that he would think carefully about what I’d said. And that was it.
In the following weeks, Latin class didn’t become the exciting learning environment I hoped it would, but Mr. Keady did try harder. He 63 some new worksheets and 64 to make us students take part more in his classes.
Maybe some people would 65 what I did but even so many years later, I feel bad about it. If I saw him now, I’d tell him how I 66 what I’d done that day in class, and that I was disrespectful. And at the same time, I’d also tell him that he taught me a wonderful 67 that day. Following my 68 words, he showed me that being hurt doesn’t mean you have to give away your dignity (尊严). 69 , Mr. Keady’s response 70 that no matter how hurt you feel, no one can take away your dignity.
- A. fear B.loneliness C.sadness D. excitement
- A. come across B.go over C.come along D. pick out
- A. inspiring B.boring C.interesting D. enjoyable
- A. routine B.sight C.action D. movement
- A. set up B.build up C.put up D. pack up
- A. admitted B.explained C.doubted D. wondered
- A. suggested B.regarded C.expected D. supplied
- A. suitable B.scientific C.unusual D. outdated
- A. guessed B.print C.preferred D. allowed
- A. Therefore B.Instead C.Thus D. Finally
- A. stolen B.frighten C.hidden D. beaten
- A. excitement B.silence C.agreement D. disappointment
- A. took in B.handed in C.brought in D. gave in
- A. failed B.hated C.tried D. refused
- A. express B.cheat C.hide D. clap
- A. regretted B.avoided C.checked D. believed
- A. experience B. lesson C.solution D.approach
- A. unkind B.thankful C.comfortable D. specific
- A. However B.Unluckily C.Surprisingly D. Indeed
- A. improved B.proved C.demanded D. struck
- Biologists are calling for creating a marine nature r________ (an area of land where the animals, birds, and plants are officially protected) to protect the dolphins.
- Last night, Mr. Byers d________ (to ask for sth. very firmly) an immediate explanation from the Education Secretary.
- In his twenties, he worked for all night long and s________ (to try very hard to do sth. when it is difficult or when there are a lot of problems) for independence.
- The traders have driven the whales to the edge of ________ (extinct).
- She gave an exact _______ (describe) of the attacker.
- The project looks at how we could be more ________ (effect) in encouraging students to make contribution to our country.
- These days, people have paid more attention to the problems ________ (concern) pollution and the environment.
- He left England with the ________ (intend) of travelling in Africa.
- 14% of primate species are highly ________(danger).
- American government claims that they will punish those who entered the country ________ (legal).
- The medical community continues to make ________ (进步) in the fight against cancer.
- Look at the workers! They ________ (雕刻) symbols on the iron now.
- There is a general change in ________ (态度) towards pop stars who not only
enjoy great popularity but also have bad reputation in acting.
- Because of serious infection, the patient needs to have one of his arms ________ (移除) to save his life.
- There are several thousand ________ (物种) of trees here, many of which are in danger.
请用 M1U4-5，M2U2 所学的短语的适当形式填空。
- We believe the coach will ________________ (使……展现出最好的一面) us.
- _______________ (追溯到) the early Tang Dynasty, the vase on display has a history of over 1300 years.
- He devoted himself to helping the sick _______________ (通过,借助于) his conventional medical knowledge.
- Their harmonious relationship _______________ (以……为基础) mutual respect and shows love and understanding.
- Previous students have had _________________ (只有，仅仅) praise for the course content and staff.
- The policies are designed to _________________ (弥合……之间的差距) the rich and the poor.
- West Hampstead has _________________ (各种各样的) good stores and supermarkets.
- The photos _________________ (让我想起) my college days and inspired me to keep on fighting for my goals.
- The support of our members is _________________ (很重要) to the association.
- _________________ (谈到) wildlife protection, all species should be treated equally.
- After graduation she reached a point in her career ________ she needed to decide what to do.
- It was after Emperor Qinshihuang united the seven major states ________ the Chinese writing system began to develop in one direction.
- In many parts of Asia, influencers are ________ (refer) to as KOLs or key opinion leaders.
- I took part in various activities during my school days, ________ which I gained a lot of experience.
- His speech roused the crowd and ________ (stir) up their emotions.
- On April 14, 1865, Lincoln ________ (shoot) at a theatre.
- Small-theater productions can help enhance young people’s ________ (appreciate) of Chinese cultural genres.
- Facing the twin burdens of violence and COVID-19 in Afghanistan, she quickly adapted ________ the “new normal”.
- It is so sad that this harbor, which is home to various lives as the Earth’s air conditioner, ________ (threaten) by a big fire now.
- The old temple _______ roof was damaged in storm is now under repair.
16-20 BABBC 21-25 DCDAC 26-30 BBCDD
31-33 ABB 34-37 DCBD 38-41 CABC 42-45 CCAA
51-55 DABAC 56-60 BCDAB 61-65 DBCCD 66-70 ABADB
- reserve 72. demanded 73. struggled 74. extinction 75. description
- effective 77. concerning 78. intention 79. endangered 80. illegally
- progress 82. are carving 83. attitude 84. removed 85. species
- bring out the best in 87. Dating back to 88. by means of 89. is based on 90. nothing but
- bridge the gap between 92. varieties of93. reminded me of 94. of great importance 95. When it comes to
- where 97.that98. referred 99. from 100. stirred
- was shot 102. appreciation 103. to 104. is being threatened 105. whose