1. What will the man buy?
A. Meat. B. Vegetables. C. Bread.
2. Where will the speakers meet?
A. In a park. B. In a gym. C. In a coffee shop.
3. What are the speakers talking about?
A. How to cook the eggs.
B. Who to boil the eggs.
C. What to cook for breakfast.
4. When were the speakers planning to have dinner together?
A. At 7:00 tonight. B. At 8:00 tomorrow. C. At 9:00 tomorrow.
5. What is the relationship between the speakers?
A. Neighbors. B. Friends. C. Family members.
6. When did the man start wearing glasses?
A. At six years old. B. At seven years old. C. At ten years old.
7. How did the man end up with bad eyesight?
A. He had bad reading habits.
B. He watched too much TV.
C. He got it from his mother.
8. What kind of restaurant are the speakers talking about?
A. A restaurant with robot waiters.
B A restaurant with only one human staff member.
C. A restaurant without human staff.
9. Who opened the restaurant?
A. A famous chef.
B. Several programmers.
C. Some university students.
10. What do some customers complain about the restaurant?
A. The number of dishes available.
B. The quality of the ingredients.
C. The speed of the service.
11. What are the speakers mainly talking about?
A. Chinese culture.
B. Some places of interest in Beijing.
C. The woman’s trip of this summer.
12. Which city will the woman surely visit besides Beijing?
A. Shanghai. B. Xi’ an. C. Chengdu.
13. Where will the woman be staying in Beijing?
A. In a dormitory. B. In a rented apartment. C. In a local family’s house.
14. When did the woman begin to feel bad?
A. Yesterday afternoon. B. At midnight last night. C. This morning.
15. What’s wrong with the woman?
A. She has caught a bad cold.
B. She has a backache.
C. She has a low fever.
16. Why does the woman want to go home?
A. To study for a test. B. To eat something. C. To get her phone.
17. What does the man suggest the woman do?
A. Take some medicine as soon as possible.
B. Ask her brother for help.
C. Read her books in the hospital.
18. What do we know about Seville?
A. It’s famous for its cafes.
B. It’s full of old buildings.
C. It’s the biggest city in Spain.
19. Why is the Cathedral the most amazing?
A. You can get lost in it.
B. You can see the whole city from it.
C. You can sit in it for hours.
20. What are the professional dancers wearing?
A. Red flowers in their hair.
B. Big dancing shoes
C. Short skirts.
Journey Back in Time with Scholars
Journey through the beautiful countryside of Provence，France，with Prof. Ori Z. Soltes. We will visit some of the best-preserved Roman monuments in the world. Our tour also includes a chance to walk in the footsteps of Van Gogh and Gauguin. Fields of flowers, tile-roofed(瓦屋顶)villages and tasty meals enrich this wonderful experience.
Spain has lovely white towns and the scent(芳香)of oranges，but it is also a treasury of ancient remains including the cities left by the Greeks，Romans and Arabs. As we travel south from Madrid with Prof. Ronald Messier to historic Toledo，Roman Merida and into Andalucia, we explore historical monuments and architecture.
China’s Sacred Landscapes(21days)
Discover the China of “past ages,” its walled cities，temples and mountain scenery with Prof. Robert Thorp. Highlights(精彩之处)include China’s most sacred peaks at Mount Tai and Hangzbou’s rolling hills，waterways and peaceful temples. We will wander in traditional small towns and end our tour with an exceptional museum in Shanghai.
Join Prof. Pedar Foss on our in-depth Tunisian tour. Tour highlights include the Roman city of Dougga，the underground Numidian capital at Bulla Regia, Roman Sbeitla and the remote areas around Tataouine and Matmata，uique for underground cities. Our journey takes us to picturesque Berber villages and lovely beaches.
1. What can visitors see in both Classical Provence and Southern Spain？
A. Historical monuments. B. Fields of flowers.
C. Van Gogh’s paintings. D. Greek buildings.
2. Which country is Prof. Thorp most knowledgeable about？
A. France. B. Spain. C. China. D. Tunisia.
3. Which of the following highlight the Tunisian tour？
A White towns. B. Underground cities. C. Tile-roofed villages. D. Rolling hills.
【答案】1. A 2. C 3. B
细节理解题。根据第一部分的We will visit some of the best-preserved Roman monuments in the world. (我们将参观一些世界上保存最完好的罗马建筑遗迹)和第二部分的we explore historical monuments and architecture.(我们探索历史遗迹和建筑)可知，在Classical Provence 和Southern Spain游客们可以参观历史遗迹。A. Historical monuments（历史遗迹）符合以上说法，故选A项。
推理判断题。根据第三部分的China’s Sacred Landscapes (21days)(中华神山 21天)和Discover the China of ”past ages”, its walled cities, temples and mountain scenery with Prof Robert Thorp. Highlights include China’s most sacred peaks at Mount Tai and Hangzhou’s rolling hills, waterways and peaceful temples (和Robert教授一起发现中国的过去，有墙的城市、寺庙和山景。精彩之处包括中国最神圣的泰山之巅，杭州起伏的群山、运河和宁静的寺庙)可知，去中国的神山之行总共有27天，而且Thorp对中国的名山非常了解。由此推测Thorp在这四个国家里最了解中国。C. China(中国)符合以上说法，故选C项。
细节理解题。根据第四部分Tour highlights include the Roman city of Dougga, the underground Mumidian capital at Bulla Regia, Roman Sbeitla and the remote areas around Taraounine and Matmata, unique for underground cities.(突尼斯的旅游亮点包括罗马城市Dougga，地下城市Mumidian,它是Bulla Regia的首府，Roman Sbeitla以及在Taraounine和Matmata附近的区域，它们是独特的地下城市)可知，突尼斯的旅游亮点是地下城市。B. Underground cities(地下城市)符合以上说法，故选B项。
In a certain village lived a farmer and his only son. The son was a thief who always went about stealing from people’s homes. He continued this bad lifestyle till the day his cup got filled. He stole heavy sum of money from the richest man in their village, but that day he didn’t escape successfully as he used to. The rich man contacted the police immediately when he found out that his money was missing and the police started investigating, and finally they found out that the boy stole the money so they sent him to prison.
After some months, it was time for farming and the farmer was already old and weak and couldn’t dig the ground any more, so the old farmer wrote this letter to his son in prison. “Son, this year I will not plant cassava and yam because I can’t dig the field, I know if you were here you would have helped me”. The son was really touched by his father’s letter so he thought of a plan, and replied his father “Dad, don’t even think of digging the field because that’s where I buried the money I stole”.
On reading this letter, the policeman went early in the morning and dug the whole field in search of the money but nothing was found. The next day the son wrote his father again “Dad, you can now plant your cassava and yam. This is the best I can do from here.”
Dad replied “My son, you are too powerful indeed, even in prison you still command policemen to work for me. I was so surprised to see the policeman and his team holding hoes and shovels, digging my farm. Next time I will write to you when I want to harvest.
4. What happened to the boy after he got caught stealing?
A. He was punished by the rich man.
B. He was arrested and questioned by the police
C. He was sentenced to imprisonment.
D. He returned the stolen money to its original owner.
5. What can we learn from the story?
A Think outside the box.
B. Every bean has its black.
C. Slow and steady wins the race.
D. Fortune favors the brave.
6. What can be inferred from the passage?
A. The boy buried the stolen money in his father’s field.
B. The police believed what the boy wrote in the letter to his father.
C. The boy had the power to command the police to dig the field for his father.
D. The police would come and dig the field again when his father want to harvest.
7. What is the farmer’s attitude towards his son’s plan?
A. favorable B. indifferent C. disapproving D. negative
【答案】4. C 5. A 6. B 7. A
细节理解题。由文章第一段“The rich man contacted the police immediately when he found out that his money was missing and the police started investigating, and finally they found out that the boy stole the money so they sent him to prison.(这位富翁发现自己的钱不见了，立即联系了警方，警方开始调查，最后他们发现男孩偷了钱，于是把他送进了监狱)”可知，男孩最后被送进监狱了。故选C项。
推理判断题。通读文章，结合倒数第二段“On reading this letter, the policeman went early in the morning and dug the whole field in search of the money but nothing was found. The next day the son wrote his father again “Dad, you can now plant your cassava and yam. This is the best I can do from here. ”(读到这封信后，警察一大早就去了，把整个田地都挖了一遍，寻找那笔钱，但什么也没找到。第二天，儿子再次写信给父亲：“爸爸，你现在可以种木薯和山药了。这是我在这里能做的最好的事。”)”可知，文中讲述男孩想帮他的父亲锄地，然而在监狱里做不到，于是想了一个办法，让警察帮忙锄地。A项“Think outside the box.(跳出思维定式)”符合文意。故选A项。
推理判断题。由文章第三段“On reading this letter, the policeman went early in the morning and dug the whole field in search of the money but nothing was found.(读到这封信后，警察一大早就去了，把整个田地都挖了一遍，寻找那笔钱，但什么也没找到)”可知，警察相信男孩信的内容然后去找了。故选B项。
推理判断题。由最后一段“My son, you are too powerful indeed, even in prison you still command policemen to work for me. (我的儿子，你真的太强大了，即使在监狱里，你仍然命令警察为我工作)”可知, 男孩父亲对儿子的态度是赞赏的。 故选A项。
Leaf peeping, the practice of traveling to watch nature display the fall colors, is a beloved annual activity, especially in New England. Typically, by the end of September, leaves take on warmer colors throughout the U.S. But this year, many areas haven’t even shaken off the green shades of summer. In Maine, forest rangers reported less than 70% color change and modest leaf drop.
It’s commonly believed that trees, like people, must prepare for winter. When fall arrives, and day length and temperature drop, trees respond by ending green substance production and absorbing remaining nutrients, causing leaves to lose the original color. Greens give way to yellows, reds and oranges that make for dramatic autumn displays.
Warm fall temperatures can make the fall colors appear later. Worse, dry summers can cause leaves to miss the fall color turn altogether. Delay of the start of the fall colors, which has been moving later into the fall, could continue. “My observations in the last decade have had more years that were later than what we consider historical averages. It can be a trend as the planet warms,” said the expert Jim Salge.
It’s not just the plants that suffer. “Turning leaves offer an irresistible mass of color — which, by estimate, brings in as much as billions of dollars a year in tourism in New England,” said Andy Finton, a forest ecologist. That’s another good reason to focus on preserving forests. Leaf peeping can stay part of the area’s feature if forests are given enough protection. “If we can keep them unharmed, they’ll provide things we’ve depended on, as well as fall inspiration,” said Finton.
8. What is special about the leaves in Maine this year?
A. They take on warm colors. B. They drop earlier than normal.
C. They stay green longer. D. They totally miss the fall color turn.
9. What is paragraph 2 mainly about?
A. Ways of trees surviving winter. B. Explanation of leaves changing color.
C. Functions of the green substance. D. Effect of climate change on fall leaves.
10. What is the “trend” according to Jim Salge in paragraph 3?
A. The earth gets drier. B. The temperature gets higher.
C. The earth gets warmer. D. The leaves delay color change.
11. What’s the purpose of this text?
A. To introduce leaf peeping. B. To report the right time for leaf peeping.
C. To call on people to admire fall leaves. D. To warn people to take care of forests.
【答案】8. C 9. B 10. D 11. D
细节理解题。根据第一段“Typically, by the end of September, leaves take on warmer colors throughout the U.S. But this year, many areas haven’t even shaken off the green shades of summer. In Maine, forest rangers reported less than 70% color change and modest leaf drop.(通常，到9月底，美国各地的树叶都会呈现出暖色调。但今年，许多地区甚至还没有摆脱夏天的绿色阴影。在缅因州，护林员报告说只有不到70%的颜色变化和少量的落叶)”可知，今年缅因州的树叶保持绿色的时间较长。故选C。
主旨大意题。根据第二段“It’s commonly believed that trees, like people, must prepare for winter. When fall arrives, and day length and temperature drop, trees respond by ending green substance production and absorbing remaining nutrients, causing leaves to lose the original color. Greens give way to yellows, reds and oranges that make for dramatic autumn displays.(人们普遍认为树和人一样，必须为冬天做准备。当秋天到来，白天长度和温度下降时，树木的反应是停止产生绿色物质，吸收剩余的营养物质，导致树叶失去原来的颜色。绿色让位于黄色、红色和橙色，它们构成了引人注目的秋季展示)”可知，第二段主要讲树叶颜色变化的原因。故选B。
词句猜测题。根据第三段中“Delay of the start of the fall colors, which has been moving later into the fall, could continue. “My observations in the last decade have had more years that were later than what we consider historical averages. It can be a trend as the planet warms,” said the expert Jim Salge.(秋色开始推迟的时间可能会继续。秋色开始的时间一直推迟到秋天。“我在过去十年的观察中发现，比我们认为的历史平均水平晚的年份更多。随着地球变暖，这可能成为一种趋势，”专家Jim Salge说)”可知，秋天树叶开始变色的时间延迟了，要进入秋天一段时间才变色，这一趋势将延续。在过去的十年中，有超过一半的年份树叶变色的时间晚于历史平均时间。这是受全球变暖影响而出现的一种趋势。故“trend”意指“树叶变色延迟”。故选D。
推理判断题。根据最后一段中“Leaf peeping can stay part of the area’s feature if forests are given enough protection. “If we can keep them unharmed, they’ll provide things we’ve depended on, as well as fall inspiration,” said Finton.(如果森林得到足够的保护，赏枫叶可以成为该地区的特色之一。Finton说：“如果我们能让它们毫发无损，它们将提供我们赖以生存的东西，以及秋天的灵感。”)”结合本文讲述的是，美国很多地区的树叶在秋季依然保持着绿色，给树木本身和经济带来了不利的影响。文章探讨了这一现象的原因，即气候变化导致树叶变色延迟。由此可知，作者的写作目的在于引发读者对这一问题的关注，呼吁人们应对气候变化，保护森林。故选D。
Jason, a straight-A student from the University of Pennsylvania, uses the term “pseudo-working” to describe how many of us study. The pseudo-worker looks and feels like someone who is working hard- he or she spends a long time in the library and is not afraid to push on late into the night——but, because of a lack of focus and concentration, he or she doesn’t actually accomplish much.
This phenomenon can be seen on most college campuses. For example, at Dartmouth there was a section of the main library that was open twenty-four hours a day, and the students I used to see there late at night crowded in groups, drinking coffee, were definitely pseudo-working. The roommate who flips through (快速翻转) her chemistry notes on the couch while watching TV is pseudo-working.
By placing themselves in distracting environments and insisting on working long hours, these students are damaging their brain’s ability to think clearly and efficiently accomplish the task at hand. In the end they get half the results with twice the effort.
The bigger problem here is that most students don’t even realize that they’re pseudo-working. To them pseudo-working is work- it’s how they’ve always done it, and it’s how all of their friends do it. It never crosses their mind that there might be a better way. Straight-A students, on the other hand, know all about pseudo-working. They fear it. It not only wastes time, but it’s also mentally tiring.
In fact, the most important skill in becoming a straight-A student is the ability to get work done quickly and with a minimum of wasted effort. Some cognitive (认知) science research concludes that about fifty minutes is the optimal learning period to maximize the material integrated per time unit. So how do these students achieve this goal? To understand their secret to success, consider the following simple formula (公式): work accomplished = time spent × intensity of focus.
Pseudo-working features a very low intensity of focus. Therefore, to accomplish something by pseudo-working, you need to spend a lot of time. The straight-A approach on the other hand, increases intensity in order to use less time.
12. Which of the following phenomenon is pseudo-working?
A. Tom is busy taking notes while attending a lecture.
B. Mike is sitting at a schoolroom in preparation for a final exam quietly.
C. Jack spends a long time in the library on his essay while listening to music.
D. Alice and Sara are sitting on the couch reading their favorite books.
13. Compared with straight-A students, the major problem of most students is that ________.
A. they want to spend more time on study
B. they are eager to follow their friends’ way
C. they have got used to their study approach
D. they are unaware of their pseudo-working
14. What does the underlined word “optimal” mean in paragraph 5?
A. Last B. Best C. Least D. Worst
15. What does the author want to stress by mentioning the formula?
A. Concentration plays a key role in study.
B. The length of time on study counts.
C. Getting work done quickly means everything.
D. Effective study approach is very important.
【答案】12. C 13. D 14. B 15. A
推理判断题。根据文章第二段“This phenomenon can be seen on most college campuses. For example, at Dartmouth there was a section of the main library that was open twenty-four hours a day, and the students I used to see there late at night crowded in groups, drinking coffee, were definitely pseudo-working. The roommate who flips through her chemistry notes on the couch while watching TV is pseudo-working. (这种现象在大多数大学校园中都可以看到。例如，在达特茅斯，主图书馆有一个部分是 24 小时开放的，我以前在深夜看到的学生成群结队地喝咖啡，绝对是伪工作。一边看电视一边在沙发上翻阅她的化学笔记的室友是伪工作。)”可知，以上的现象都是“伪工作”。C项“Jack spends a long time in the library on his essay while listening to music. (杰克一边听音乐一边在图书馆里写论文很长时间。)”与以上例子相似，都是将自己置于分散注意力的环境中并坚持长时间工作，故选C项。
细节理解题。根据文章第四段“The bigger problem here is that most students don’t even realize that they’re pseudo-working. To them pseudo-working is work—it’s how they’ve always done it, and it’s how all of their friends do it. It never crosses their mind that there might be a better way. Straight-A students, on the other hand, know all about pseudo-working.”(这里更大的问题是大多数学生甚至没有意识到他们是在伪工作。对他们来说，伪工作就是工作——这是他们一直以来的工作方式，也是他们所有朋友的工作方式。他们从来没有想过可能有更好的方法。另一方面，全优学生对伪工作了如指掌。)可知，大多数学生并不了解他们在“伪工作”，但是优等生了解，对于自己要做的工作非常明确。D项“they are unaware of their pseudo-working(他们没有意识到他们的伪工作)”与原文信息相符。故选D。
词义猜测题。根据文章第五段“In fact, the most important skill in becoming a straight-A student is the ability to get work done quickly and with a minimum of wasted effort. (事实上，成为一名全优学生最重要的技能是能够快速完成工作并尽量减少浪费的精力。)”可知，成为全优学生的最重要技能是快速完成工作，浪费时间最少。根据划线词前面的内容“Some cognitive (认知) science research concludes that about fifty minutes (一些认知科学研究得出结论，大约50分钟……)”可知，此处承接前文，指出就优等生来说他们浪费这最少得时间精力来快速的完成工作任务，这里50分钟则是一个最优化的标准；根据划线词后的句子“maximize the material integrated per time unit(最大化每个时间单位整合的材料)”可知，这50分钟内是可以最大化的整合材料。故划线词与B选项“Best(最优的)”为同义词。故选B。
推理判断题。根据文章第五段“So how do these students achieve this goal? To understand their secret to success, consider the following simple formula: work accomplished=time spent × intensity of focus(那么这些学生是如何实现这一目标的呢?要了解他们成功的秘诀，可以考虑以下简单的公式：完成的工作=花费的时间×专注的强度)”以及最后一段“Pseudo-working features a very low intensity of focus. Therefore, to accomplish something by pseudo-working, you need to spend a lot of time. The straight-A approach on the other hand, increases intensity in order to use less time. (“伪工作”的特点是聚焦强度很低。因此，要通过伪工作来完成某件事，您需要花费大量时间。另一方面，全A（A等生）的方法会增加聚焦强度以减少时间。)”可知，作者并不支持“伪工作”，所以作者更加支持通过减少时间增加专注强度的方法，故推测作者列出公式是为了强调“专注强度”的重要性。A项“Concentration plays a key role in study. (专注在学习中起着关键作用。)”符合推断。故选A。
The most relaxing colors are generally believed to be cool shades such as green and blue. ____16____ So we can often see these colors in hospitals, test centers, and television stations, where people may want some help to ease their nerves and bad emotions.
Home designers note that people often describe rooms painted blue and green as relaxing and comfortable. As a result, architects often use colors from the cool part of the color circle in bedrooms and bathrooms. ____17____
Driving down a highway. you’ll notice that some signs consist of white letters on a dark green background. ____18____ Another place where we see green used is in the “green room” of theaters or television studios because nervous performers are quieted by the color. This is also the reason why doctors wear green clothes in the operating room. And prison cells often paint their walls green for the same effect.
____19____ Our eyes sense color using tiny sensors sensitive to the red light, the green light or the blue light. However, generally they are the most sensitive to the green light. Researchers think that this sensitivity to green objects might affect hormonal production that in turn influences the mood. What’s more, recent studies have shown that when a person looks at the green colored paper or is placed in a green room, their heart rate drops, blood pressure lowers, and muscles relax. ____20____ So next time you’re feeling nervous or upset, please try to focus your eyes on something green instead of red.
A. There was research into colors in ancient times.
B. In contrast, hot colors cause these to rise.
C. Different colors can cause different psychological reactions.
D. Engineers determine such signs won’t get people’s eyes tired.
E. And painters often use blues and greens on walls and ceilings.
F. Scientists have found some evidence for the magic power of green.
G. It is agreed that the two can make us feel calm, balanced and less emotional.
【答案】16. G 17. E 18. D 19. F 20. B
上文“The most relaxing colors are generally believed to be cool shades such as green and blue.”提到了最令人放松的两种颜色：蓝色和绿色；而下文“So we can often see these colors in hospitals, test centers, and television stations, where people may want some help to ease their nerves and bad emotions.”则提到了经常在医院、测试中心和电视台看到这两种颜色，人们可能需要一些帮助来缓解紧张和不良情绪。由此可推知，设空处表明了这两种颜色具有某种功用，所以医院等地方才会经常用到。G项“It is agreed that the two can make us feel calm, balanced and less emotional.(人们一致认为，这两者可以让我们感到平静、平衡、不那么情绪化。)”中的“the two”与上文蓝色和绿色两种颜色对应，“make us feel calm, balanced and less emotional”则对应下文的“help to ease their nerves and bad emotions”。故选G项。
上文“Home designers note that people often describe rooms painted blue and green as relaxing and comfortable. As a result, architects often use colors from the cool part of the color circle in bedrooms and bathrooms. As a result, architects often use colors from the cool part of the color circle in bedrooms and bathrooms.”提到了家居设计师注意到人们认为漆成蓝色和绿色的卧室很放松和舒适，因此，建筑师经常在卧室和浴室中使用比较冷淡的颜色。由此可知，这一段都是与家居设计相关的内容，故下文也应保持一致。E项“And painters often use blues and greens on walls and ceilings.(油漆工也经常在墙壁和天花板上使用蓝色和绿色。)”中的“walls and ceilings”恰好与上文中的“bedrooms and bathrooms”对应。故选E项。
上文“Driving down a highway. you’ll notice that some signs consist of white letters on a dark green background.”提到了高速路上的一些标志的背景底色也是暗绿色的；下文“Another place where we see green used is in the “green room” of theaters or television studios because nervous performers are quieted by the color.”提到了另一个经常看到绿色的地方就是剧院或电视演播室的“绿房间”，因为紧张的演员看到绿色能安静下来。由此可推知，设空处应该与使用绿色的原因相关。D项“Engineers determine such signs won’t get people’s eyes tired.(工程师们认为这样的标志不会让人们的眼睛感到疲劳。)”中的“such signs won’t get people’s eyes tired”恰好与上文的“some signs consist of white letters on a dark green background”相对应。故选D项。
设空处段首，故需要一个总括句。下文“Our eyes sense color using tiny sensors sensitive to the red light, the green light or the blue light. However, generally they are the most sensitive to the green light. Researchers think that this sensitivity to green objects might affect hormonal production that in turn influences the mood.”提到了，我们的眼睛通过对红光、绿光或蓝光敏感的微型传感器来感知颜色，但一般对绿光最敏感。研究人员认为，这种对绿色物体的敏感性可能会影响荷尔蒙的产生，进而影响情绪。F项“Scientists have found some evidence for the magic power of green.(科学家们已经发现了绿色魔力的一些证据。)”中的“Scientists”与下文的“Researchers”对应，且也是在重点强调绿色的作用，与下文对应。故选F项。
上文“What’s more, recent studies have shown that when a person looks at the green colored paper or is placed in a green room, their heart rate drops, blood pressure lowers, and muscles relax.”提到了当一个人看着绿色的彩纸或被放在绿色的房间里时，他们的心率会下降，血压会降低，肌肉会放松。而下文“So next time you’re feeling nervous or upset, please try to focus your eyes on something green instead of red.”提到了感到紧张或不安时，试着把眼睛集中在绿色而不是红色的东西上。由此可推知，设空处提到了红色这一概念。B项“In contrast, hot colors cause these to rise.(相比之下，火热的颜色使这些上升。)”提到了“火热的颜色”，恰好对应下文的“red”，而these则指代前面的heart rate、blood pressure、muscles。故选B项。
My parents, siblings (兄弟姐妹) and I took our first camping trip to the Lake Houston Wilderness Park recently.
We had finished putting up the ____21____ when it suddenly started to rain. Luckily, we had ____22____ our tent on a high flat ground where water could not pour in. Mom got some snacks and drinks ready for us while we played games and ____23____ about our daily life, which made wet-weather camping fun. How ____24____ it was camping under the sound of the rain! We were gathered around in the center of ____25____ and it was a nice feeling. Even with the rain, I had never been so ____26____.
The rain died down before dark and the sky turned clear. Soon, Mom ____27____ a big meal over the fire for the family. I sensed that a hot meal and good ____28____ would warm us right up. While we ate together, Dad ____29____ at the stars and told us about his childhood. As we laughed and _____30_____ on our days, the stars shone like diamonds at night.
The following day, we had a good time _____31_____ the rocky trails around our campsite. _____32_____ hiking in the forest, we had a lovely late afternoon boating. It was amazing to see the _____33_____ changing rays of the sunset behind the pine trees. That evening we packed up our _____34_____ and headed home.
I am very grateful for this camping trip, which has left us unforgettable _____35_____.
21. A. tent B. shelf C. fence D. roof
22. A. checked B. attached C. approached D. positioned
23. A. felt B. argued C. chatted D. complained
24. A. strange B. powerful C. unique D. beneficial
25. A. culture B. nature C. society D. space
26. A. lucky B. happy C. curious D. confident
27. A. prepared B. served C. ordered D. delivered
28. A. impression B. conversation C. show D. adventure
29. A. yelled B. wondered C. laughed D. pointed
30. A. set out B. went back C. caught up D. looked down
31. A. walking B. cleaning C. exploring D. searching
32. A. As for B. Apart from C. Instead of D. Due to
33. A. dramatically B. casually C. regularly D. completely
34. A. belongings B. tools C. harvests D. goods
35. A. encounters B. coincidences C. discoveries D. memories
【答案】21. A 22. D 23. C 24. C 25. B 26. B 27. A 28. B 29. D 30. C 31. C 32. B 33. A 34. A 35. D
考查名词词义辨析。句意：我们刚搭好帐篷，天就突然下起雨来了。A. tent帐篷；B. shelf搁板，架子；C. fence篱笆；D. roof顶部，屋顶。根据前文“our first camping trip(我们的第一次野营旅行)”可知，作者一家去露营，因此这里应是“搭建帐篷”。故选A项。
考查动词词义辨析。句意：幸运的是，我们把帐篷安置在一个地势很高的平地上，那里不会有水涌进来。A. checked检查，核对；B. attached粘贴，系上；C. approached靠近，临近；D. positioned放置。分析可知，与前文“putting up(搭建)”相呼应，这里应是D项“positioned”。故选D项。
考查动词词义辨析。句意：妈妈给我们准备了一些零食和饮料，我们一起玩游戏，聊日常生活，这让雨天的露营变得很有趣。A. felt感觉，认为；B. argued争论，辩论；C. chatted聊天，交谈；D. complained抱怨，投诉。根据后文宾语“our daily life(我们的日常生活)”可推知，应是谈论日常生活。“chat about”，意为“闲聊”。故选C项。
考查形容词词义辨析。句意：在雨声中露营是多么独特啊! A. strange奇怪的，陌生的；B. powerful强大的，有权力的；C. unique独特的，独一无二的；D. beneficial有益的。根据后文“it was a nice feeling(这是一种很好的感觉)”可知，这样的露营给作者带来了很好的感觉，很独特。故选C项。
考查名词词义辨析。句意：我们聚集在大自然的中心，感觉很好。A. culture文化；B. nature自然；C. society社会；D. space空间。根据前文“How ____4____ it was camping under the sound of the rain!(在雨声中露营是多么独特啊!)”可知，作者一家置身于“雨中”露营，贴近自然。故选B项。
考查形容词词义辨析。句意：即使下着雨，我也从来没有这么开心过。A. lucky幸运的；B. happy高兴的；C. curious好奇的；D. confident有信心的。与前文“it was a nice feeling(这是一种很好的感觉)”的美好感觉相呼应，这里表达作者即使面对下雨的情景，也是高兴和喜悦。故选B项。
考查动词词义辨析。句意：很快，妈妈在篝火上家人准备了一顿大餐。A. prepared准备；B. served服务；C. ordered命令，预订；D. delivered递送，传送。根据“for the family”可知，“prepare sth for sb.”，固定短语，意为“为某人准备某物”。故选A项。
考查名词词义辨析。句意：我感觉到一顿热饭和愉快的谈话会使我们暖和起来。A. impression印象；B. conversation交谈，对话；C. show表演，展览；D. adventure冒险，奇遇。根据后文“told us about his childhood(告诉我们他的童年)”可知，作者一家边吃边谈。故选B项。
考查动词词义辨析。句意：我们一起吃饭的时候，爸爸指着星星给我们讲他的童年。A. yelled叫喊，吼叫；B. wondered好奇，想知道；C. laughed笑；D. pointed指向，指着。根据“at the stars”可知，“point at sth”，意为“指着某物”，这里表达“指着星星”。故选D项。
考查动词短语辨析。句意：当我们笑着回忆我们的日子时，星星在夜晚闪烁着钻石般的光芒。A. set out出发，开始；B. went back返回；C. caught up赶上，追上；D. looked down向下看，看不起。根据前文“told us about his childhood(告诉我们他的童年)”可知，他们在回忆自己的生活。“catch up on our days”，意为“回忆我们的日子”。故选C项。
考查动词词义辨析。句意：第二天，我们在营地周围的岩石小径上探险，玩得很开心。A. walking走路，步行；B. cleaning清理，打扫；C. exploring探索，探险；D. searching搜索，搜寻。根据后文宾语“the rocky trails around our campsite(我们营地周围的岩石小径)”可推知，应是“探险”。故选C项。
考查介词短语辨析。句意：除了在森林里徒步旅行外，傍晚时分我们还愉快地划船。A. As for至于，就……方面；B. Apart from除了；C. Instead of代替，而不是；D. Due to由于。根据前文“we had a good time ____11____ the rocky trails around our campsite(我们在营地周围的岩石小径上探险，玩得很开心)”以及后文“we had a lovely late afternoon boating(傍晚时分，我们愉快地划船)”可知，作者他们做了很多事情，包括在树林里徒步。因此，这里应是“除了……外（还）”。故选B项。
考查副词词义辨析。句意：看到松树后面日落的光线发生了戏剧性的变化，真是令人惊叹。A. dramatically剧烈地，明显地；B. casually随意地，漫不经心地；C. regularly有规律地；D. completely完全地。根据后文“changing rays of the sunset behind the pine trees(松树后面夕阳的光线变幻)”可知，这里讲述的是日落时光线在树间的变化，根据常识可知，这时的光线变化应是十分明显的。故选A项。
考查名词词义辨析。句意：那天晚上，我们收拾行李回家了。A. belongings所有物，行李；B. tools工具；C. harvests收获，成果；D. goods商品，货物。根据后文“headed home(回家)”可知，应是收拾行李，回家去。故选A项。
考查名词词义辨析。句意：我非常感激这次露营之旅，它给我们留下了难忘的回忆。A. encounters相遇，邂逅；B. coincidences巧合；C. discoveries发现；D. memories记忆，回忆。根据前文“I am very grateful for this camping trip(我非常感谢这次露营之旅)”可推知，这次露营给作者一家留下了难忘的记忆。故选D项。
Flash floods hit Longcaogou of Pengzhou, Southwest China’s Sichuan Province on Saturday. Seven people ____36____ (kill) and eight others slightly injured. Local authorities announced on Sunday, noting that some tourists ____37____ were camping in the dried-up river were trapped in the flood after failing ____38____ (escape) in time.
More than 500 ____39____ (rescuer) are conducting a search of valleys and rivers to find lost tourists over the weekend, said local authorities, adding that at least 15 ____40____ (profession) rescue teams, including mountain rescue and diving rescue teams, are taking part in the rescue work. The rescue work at ____41____ scene is drawing to a close. ____42____ Longcaogou was hit by floods in 2015 and 2017, it has not stopped tourists from visiting the area.
Meanwhile, Longcaogou has been ____43____ (wide) recommended on social media platforms ____44____ a “nice holiday resort.” Many bloggers posted pictures of the valley’s beautiful scenery and their trips on the lifestyle-sharing platforms with captions (图片的说明文字) _____45_____ (recommend) that people go there.
【答案】36. were killed
38. to escape
41. the 42. Although##Though##While
43. widely 44. as
考查动词时态语态。句意：事故造成7人死亡，8人轻伤。分析句子可知，设空处在句中作谓语，主语Seven people与动词kill之间为被动关系，结合前面的on Saturday可知，此处应用一般过去时的被动语态，主语为复数形式，故谓语也用复数。故填were killed。
考查非谓语动词。句意：当地政府周日宣布，一些在干涸的河流上露营的游客因未能及时逃离而被困在洪水中。分析句子可知，句中已有谓语动词，设空处只能填非谓语动词形式，fail to do sth为固定搭配，表示“未能做某事”，应用to do不定式。故填to escape。
考查名词。句意：当地政府表示，周末期间，500多名救援人员正在山谷和河流中搜寻失踪的游客，并补充说，至少有15支专业救援队，包括山地救援队和潜水救援队，正在参与救援工作。分析句子可知，设空处在句中作主语，应用名词，结合前面的More than 500可知，此处应用名词复数形式，即rescuers。故填rescuers。
考查定冠词。句意：现场的救援工作已接近尾声。分析句子可知，设空处位于介词at后，名词scene前，at the scene表示“事发地、事发现场”，应用定冠词the。故填the。
考查介词。句意：与此同时，龙草沟在社交媒体平台上被广泛推荐为“不错的度假胜地”。分析句子可知，设空处在句中连接两个短语，应用介词；根据后面的“nice holiday resort”可知，此处应表示“被推荐为‘不错的度假胜地’”，表示“作为”，应用介词as。故填as。
46. The ________ (根本的) problem lies in their inability to distinguish between reality and fiction. （根据汉语提示单词拼写）
47. Being ________ (谦虚的) is a key part of Chinese culture. (根据汉语提示单词拼写)
48. To make a password difficult to guess, he needs to use seven characters ________ (由……组成) of letters and numbers. （根据汉语提示单词拼写）
49. The peace ________ (倡议) was welcomed by both sides. （根据汉语提示单词拼写）
50. New York City agencies are offering a $50,000 reward for any information leading to the arrest of the suspect ________ (参与的). (根据汉语提示单词拼写)
51. There is a general ________(期盼) that Brazil will win the champion in FIFA World Cup Qatar 2022. （根据汉语提示单词拼写）
52. The international community must take ________ (具体的) action by providing humanitarian and development aid. （根据汉语提示单词拼写）
53. The Queen Elizabeth II worked as a ________ (机械师) and driver during World War II. （根据汉语提示单词拼写）
54. ________(合作) with people from diverse cultural backgrounds helps us view the wold from different angles. (根据汉语提示单词拼写)
55. In my opinion, promoting museum culture on the Internet is not appropriate because the Internet is full of misinformation and ________(矛盾的) opinions. (根据汉语提示单词拼写)
56. Lacking in the spirit of innovation, the small island country remains________it was 5 years ago.(用适当的词填空)
57. ________ he can get a nursing qualification remains to be seen. （用适当的词填空）
58. Jane moved aimlessly down the tree-lined street, not knowing ______she was heading. （用单词适当形式填空）
59. I made a promise to myself ________ this year, my first year in high school, would be different.（用适当的词填空）
【详解】考查同位语从句。句意：我向自己保证，今年，我高中的第一年，会有所不同。分析可知， ① this year, my first year in high school, would be different为同位语从句，解释说明名词promise，从句中不缺成分，所以此处填从属连词that。故填that。
60. Every year,______ makes the most beautiful kite will win a prize in the Kite Festival. (用适当的词填空)
【详解】考查主语从句。句意：每年制作出最漂亮风筝的人都会在风筝节上获奖。本句的谓语是 will win，空处引导一个主语从句，从句中makes前缺主语，因获奖的是人，故用whoever引导，故填whoever。
A pleasant surprise
For a long time, I had been looking for a piano of my own to practise on. There was a piano shop on the street along which I walked every day to school. Whenever I passed the shop, I would stop, looking at the beautiful piano standing in the comer of the shop window. How I had been dreaming, day and night to possess a piano like that!
Unfortunately, my father was just a clerk. Times were tough during the Depression, and there were five mouths to feed, besides buying coal and wood for the stove. In order to save money, even on cold winter days, my father would walk the seven miles every day to get to work. No he could never afford to buy me an expensive piano. Though he knew I wanted to play that piano so much» buying it was an extravagance (奢侈品) well beyond our family’s income.
One day after school, I went as usual to the shop window to look at the piano. However, to my surprise and disappointment, the piano had gone. I should not have been surprised as others had the right to buy it, if they could afford to. Tears filled my eyes when I thought of not being able to sec that piano any more.
Disappointed, helpless and sad, I wandered aimlessly up and down the street. After about an hour. I returned home. I had just entered into our house, when I heard my mother calling me. I brushed away my tears and followed the sound of her voice into the dining-room.
I could not believe my eyes.
As soon as my father appeared, I hugged him tightly.
【答案】I could not believe my eyes . The beautiful piano I had been longing for was standing there in front of me. Excitement and happiness filled my heart. I couldn’t help crying and tears streamed down my face. My mother approached me, saying they knew the piano was the very thing I had dreamed about and my father had tried everything possible to realize my dream. I was on the point of saying something when the door opened.
As soon as my father appeared, I hugged him tightly. “Thank you, Dad!” I said. I could see a big smile on his wrinkled face. Regardless of the bad weather, my father had gone to work every day to make money. I cold not imagine how much effort he had made! My father kissed me on the forehead, whispering that he had at last earned enough to buy the piano. Only then did I realize that no gift could measure up to a father’s love.
①.充满：full of/be filled with
②.比得上：measure up to /be comparable to/ make a patch against/ up with
①.感谢：Thank you /showing his appreciation/show his gratitude/be grateful
②.渴望：long for/dying to/thirst for/be eager to/be desperate for
【点睛】[高分句型1]: The beautiful piano I had been longing for was standing there in front of me.这句话运用了定语从句。
[高分句型2]: My father kissed me on the forehead, whispering that he had at last earned enough to buy the piano.这句话运用了动词现在分词作状语的结构。
[高分句型3]：Only then did I realize that no gift could measure up to a father’s love.这句话运用了only开头的倒装结构。
听力答案：1-5 CCAAC 6-10 BACCA 11-15 CACBA 16-20 ACBBA