吉林省“BEST 合作体”2022—2023 学年度下学期期末考试
1. What is the woman likely to do first?
A. Attend a meeting. B. Go to the hospital. C. Eat something sweet.
2. How will the man pay?
A. By cash. B. By phone. C. By credit card.
3. Where are the speakers?
A. At home. B. At a restaurant. C. At their grandparents’ house.
4. What happened to the man this morning?
A. He missed the bus. B. His computer was broken. C. He quarreled with a taxi driver.
5. What seems to be the man’s problem?
A. He gets bored of reading. B. He dislikes shopping online. C. He is disturbed by the noise.
听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
6. What did the woman have in the cafe?
A. The soup. B. The sandwich. C. The salad.
7. What does the man dislike about the cafe?
A. The food. B. The service. C. The colors of the walls.
8. When did the woman get here?
A. On Thursday. B. On Friday. C. On Sunday.
9. What is Tim’s major?
A. English. B. History. C. Biology.
10. Why did Lili work on soccer shoes?
A. To fulfill a task. B. To earn a living. C. To make special shoes for Messi.
11. How did Lili feel when she received that photo?
A. Encouraged. B. Doubtful. C. Disappointed.
12. What are the speakers talking about?
A. Their favorite football players.
B. Lili’s artworks for football shoes.
C. A pair of shoes for Lionel Messi.
13. What is the relationship between the speakers?
A. Schoolmates. B. Colleagues. C. Interviewer and interviewee.
14. Who played a key role in starting the man’s singing career?
A. His uncle. B. A singer. C. A teacher.
15. What does the man say about his new album?
A. It will be popular. B. It is about friendship. C. It will only be released in Asia.
16. Why will the man go to summer music festivals?
A. To get more inspiration. B. To promote his new album. C. To accompany his friends.
17. When is the talk probably being given?
A. At the beginning of the term.
B. In the middle of the term.
C. At the end of the term.
18. What will the officials check first?
A. The fire alarms. B. The safety doors. C. The electrical system.
19. Why is the football field closed?
A. It will be slightly enlarged.
B. It has been replaced by the schoolyard.
C. It has some safety problems with the surface.
20. What will take place on Friday afternoon?
A. A safety check. B. A staff meeting. C. A welcome party.
Summer is coming. Are you looking for a part-time job? Here are some possible options.
Are you a strong swimmer and a good communicator? Would you like a challenge? We are looking for lifeguards for our busy summer season. No experience is necessary as you will get two weeks of training before you start the job. As well as being physically fit, you need to be available for work Mon-Fri, 7- 11 a.m.
We are looking for store assistants for our busy gift store. Applicants need to be reliable, friendly, and enjoy speaking to customers. A second language is preferred as many of our customers are tourists from other countries. The positions are part-time and you need to work from Thursday to Sunday, 10 a.m.- 4 p.m.
Are you interested in the latest styles? Are you creative and good at art? If so, Dresswise is looking for a young person to create new looks for our teen department. This is a great opportunity to gain experience in the clothing industry. You will need to work four days a week and we’ll pay you for each design we use. We’ll also give you samples of your designs to wear.
Are you into technology and creative? Would you like to play and test educational games and get paid for it? This is an exciting part-time job for somebody who loves playing games. We offer flexible hours. If this is for you, write a description of your favorite game and why you like it in no more than 150 words.
If you are interested in any of the above jobs, please contact us at student union @campus.com.
21. What is a shared requirement for lifeguard and store assistant?
A. Communicative ability. B. A second language.
C. Professional experience. D. A strong body.
22. Which job can you apply for if you can only work on weekends?
A. Lifeguard. B. Store assistant. C. Fashion designer. D. Game tester.
23. What can you get from the job as a fashion designer?
A. Samples of the latest styles. B. Payment for each of your designs.
C. Experience in the fashion industry. D. Chances to design clothes for adults.
On New Year’s Day 2023, I had a panic attack at work. Unfortunately for me, that meant in front of millions of people, as I was delivering the news, live, on ABC’s Good Morning America. In the wake of my nationally televised panic, I learned that I had undiagnosed depression. For months, I’d been having trouble getting out of bed in the morning and felt as if I had an everlasting low-grade fever.
Two things changed my mind. The first was the science. In recent years, there has been an explosion of research into meditation (冥想), which has been shown to reduce blood pressure, improve recovery after your body releases the stress hormone cortisol (荷尔蒙皮质醇), strengthen the immune system, and relieve the symptoms of depression and anxiety.
The second thing that changed my mind about meditation is that it does not necessarily take a lot of the magic stuff I feared it might. Contrary to popular belief, meditation does not have to involve folding yourself into a roll, joining a group, or wearing special dress. The word meditation is a little bit like the world sports; there are hundreds of varieties. The type of meditation discussed here is called mindfulness meditation, which is acquired from Buddhism but does not require adopting a belief system or declaring oneself to be a Buddhist.
I began my practice slowly, with just five to ten minutes a day, which is what I recommend everyone aim for at the start. I have learned that the less delighted you are by the voice in your head, the more you can make room for entirely new thoughts and feelings to appear. In sum, meditation enables you to tap into what lies beneath or beyond the ego (自我). Call it creativity. Call it your original wisdom. Some people call it your heart. 24. What can the author’s profession possibly be?
A. Reporter. B. Editor. C. TV broadcaster. D. Radio host.
25. What changed the author’s mind about meditation?
A. It can lower blood pressure.
B. It can reduce depression and anxiety.
C. It can improve students’ behavior and performance.
D. It is scientific and without much fantastic frightening things.
26. What’s the difference between popular belief and mediation?
A. Mediation is free from various chains and forms.
B. Meditation doesn’t need to fold someone into a roll.
C. Meditation is more like the world sports than popular belief.
D. Meditation requires someone to join a group or wear special dress.
27. How do you make yourself more creative according to the last paragraph?
A. Keep a quiet environment. B. Keep your mind clean.
C. Practice mediation slowly. D. Keep a less delighted mind.
Architects have long turned to the past for inspiration. In this age of concrete(混凝土)and steel, however, they’re more likely to look for aesthetic (美学的) influence than technical know-how. But an ancient Chinese construction technique called dougong is a remarkable exception.
Consisting of a series of wooden brackets (支架) with no nails or fasteners, it is 500 years old and commonly found in Chinese architecture, such as the Forbidden City in Beijing. Many structures built during the Tang and Song dynasties featured “curtain walls” which were non-load-bearing. As a result, the unsupported wood shouldering the weight might break. Designers needed a technique which would more regularly spread the burden across their structures. Their solution was dougong.
Engineering has come a long way since the ancient Chinese building technique was fashion. But there’s a timeless quality to it. Modem designers in many areas are adopting it to produce amazing and stable work of architecture. Among them is Japanese architect Kengo Kuma, who used dougong-inspired methods for his recent buildings: Yusuhara Wooden Bridge Museum and Cafe Kureon, a 2, 120-square-foot restaurant.
For architect Terrence Curry, the attraction of using ancient methods is about finding something that can “speak to Chinese identity”. His structure Dougong Cube, now part of the School of Architecture, Tsinghua University in Beijing, was constructed using classical-style brackets and over 2, 000 boards. “It has fundamental structure of dougong, but we just aren’t using it in the way it was intended to be used. We’re really pulling it out – emphasizing its beauty and complexity, and the way it works,” said Curry, “The shape and function of dougong is directly related to properties (性质) of wood, and the ability of people who make these buildings. In this way, there’s little need for decoration because the structure and design give it its distinctive look.”
28. Why is dougong referred to as an exception?
A. It uses less concrete and steel. B. It can meet decorative needs.
C. It enjoys a long history. D. It has a brilliant structure.
29. What does the underlined word “non-load-bearing” in paragraph 2 probably mean?
A. Unstable. B. Unbearable. C. Unbreakable. D. Unconventional.
30. What can be inferred about Dougong Cube in paragraph 4?
A. It changes the basic style of dougong.
B. It is more practical than previous Chinese buildings.
C. Its charm can be brought out by its materials and designers.
D. Its unique design remains unknown to the public.
31. What’s the main idea of the text?
A. Chinese identity can be revealed through its architecture.
B. Dougong reflects Chinese wisdom in architecture.
C. Chinese architecture has a lasting influence on the world.
D. Dougong Cube presents a combination of innovation and tradition.
For any astronaut hoping to survive on the surface of the moon, growing crops will be essential. Now, scientists have taken “one small step” towards growing plants on the lunar surface, after showing it’s possible to grow thale cress, a small flowering plant, in lunar soil.
The findings raise hopes that plants could be grown on the moon during future space missions, and even enable mankind to set up a lunar settlement. “For future, longer space missions, we may use the moon as a launching platform,” explained Professor Rob Ferl. “It makes sense that we would want to use the soil that’s already there to grow plants.” Until now, scientists have not grown plants in the soil. “So, what happens when you grow plants in lunar soil? What would plants do in a lunar greenhouse? Could we have lunar farmers?” Professor Ferl questioned.
To answer these questions, researchers from Florida set out to plant thale cress seeds in lunar soil, add water, nutrients, and light, and see what happened. The researchers chose to use thale cress because its genetic code has already been fully mapped. For comparison, the researchers also planted seeds in a range of soils, including those that simulate Martian soils. To their delight, the researchers found that nearly all of the seeds grew. However, they did observe differences between the plants grown in the lunar soil and those grown in the control soils. Some of the plants grown in the lunar soils were smaller, while others grew more slowly or were more varied in size.
Growing plants in lunar soils may also change the moon itself, according to Dr. Stephen Elardo. “The moon is a very, very dry place”, he said. How will minerals in the lunar soil respond to having a plant grown in them, with the added water and nutrients? Will adding water make the minerals friendlier to plants? The researchers hope to answer these questions in follow-up studies.
32. What’s the second paragraph mainly about?
A. The significance of the findings. B. The plants grown in the lunar soil.
C. The missions of future space exploration. D. The hope for setting up a lunar settlement.
33. Why did researchers use thale cress in the experiment?
A. Its genes are suitable for lunar soil. B. It has a long evolutionary history.
C. It has been tested with lunar soil before. D. People have a good knowledge of its genes.
34. What did researchers find about the plants grown in lunar soil?
A. They absorbed few nutrients. B. They didn’t grow well enough.
C. They grew slowly in the dark. D. They needed more water to grow bigger.
35. What is the best title for the text?
A. Preparing for Farming on the Moon
B. Conducting a Study on Lunar Soil
C. Growing Plants in Lunar Soil
D. Making Lunar soil friendlier to plants
Being late is a tendency that some people cannot seem to shake. Many factors contribute to continual lateness, including time perception, time management and personality.
We all know someone who never seems to be on time, whether it’s to a lunch date or a work meeting. 36
“It is likely that there’s a mechanism in the brain that causes some people to be late for meetings because they underestimate the time it will take them to get there,” Hugo Spiers, a professor at University College London told Live Science. 37 Research suggests that neurons in the hippocampus(海马体)acting as “time cells” contribute to our perception and memory of events, but why exactly some people continually underestimate time is unclear.
One factor may be how familiar we are with a space. For the 2017 study, Spiers asked 20 students who had newly moved to London to sketch a map of their college district and estimate travel times to different destinations. The students’ space estimates expanded if they knew an area well. 38 “If you’re very familiar with a space, you start to discount the trouble it will take,” Spiers said.
Another environmental factor may be crowdedness. In a 2022 study in the journal Virtual Reality, researchers asked participants to estimate the length of more or less crowded simulated (模拟的)subway trips. They found that crowded commutes felt like they took 10% longer than less busy rides. 39
40 Certain character features, such as reduced conscientiousness(责任心), can cause some people to forget tasks that they had planned ahead of time.
A. Personality also plays a role in running late.
B. That was linked to it being an unpleasant experience.
C. We make time estimates based on how urgent the tasks are.
D. However, their estimates of travel time contracted with familiarity.
E. But is there a good explanation for why some people are always late?
F. A region of the brain, called hippocampus, processes some aspects of time.
G. That’s because people who run late tell themselves and others they can be punctual.
第三部分 英语知识运用 完形填空（共15小题；每小题1分，满分15分）
I have had the privilege to meet many amazing people, people who have been my role models and my inspirations. But the greatest 41 was when had the chance to meet a fourteen-year-old girl named Nicole.
I had been 42 by the Children’s Wish Foundation of Canada, an organization that tries to make the dreams of young people suffering from terminal illnesses come true. Nicole had been 43 with cancer for over two years, and her 44 to the Foundation had been a simple one: She asked if she could meet me. The foundation agreed by flying her here to Los Angeles, and 45 our meeting at Universal Studios.
It was 46 not to like Nicole from the very first moment I met her. Her outgoing personality and great 47 swept me up and immediately 48 my spirits. Her positive attitude about dealing with her disease 49 me. When I mentioned during our initial meeting that I was very sorry that she should have to 50 something so difficult, she thanked me, but replied that she did not want me to feel bad－she wasn’t looking for anyone to feel sorry for her. A (n) 51 I had never known before shone in her eyes.
As time went on, I realized how true it was. She didn’t want 52 she just wanted to hang out and do things that 53 do together. We ate junk food and shared funny stories. The more we laughed over 54 things, the more our friendship grew. I began to realize that I was just as lucky as she was to have this opportunity to have her 55 . I know that wherever she is, or wherever I go, she will always remain in my heart.
41. A. pride B. honor C. duty D. surprise
42. A. contacted B. followed C. introduced D. commanded
43. A. competing B. staying C. battling D. compromising
44. A. attraction B. response C. request D. attachment
45. A. arranging B. ordering C. launching D. designing
46. A. typical B. impossible C. common D. unnecessary
47. A. effort B. energy C. force D. voice
48. A. destroyed B. kept C. upped D. lowered
49. A. confused B. satisfied C. frightened D. amazed
50. A. see through B. go through C. give up D. take up
51. A. shyness B. anxiety C. strength D. relief
52. A. kindness B. sympathy C. happiness D. generosity
53. A. acquaintances B. strangers C. patients D. friends
54. A. unique B. silly C. serious D. formal
55. A. company B. support C. respect D. understanding
第一部分 语篇填空（共10小题; 每小题1.5分，满分15分）
The world’s biggest kite, shaped like a dragon and 56 (stretch) over 280 meters, flew high on Sunday in the skies over the Chinese city of Weifang. The city in the eastern province of Shandong is 57 birthplace of kites and home to the Weifang International Kite Festival since 1984.
The highlight of this year’s edition was the “Chinese Giant Dragon”, four meters in 58 (high) and 3.6 meters in width. The kite has the head of a dragon and the body of a centipede(蜈蚣) and is the 59 (wide) of its kind in the world. “It took 28 experienced workers 48 days to design and complete the kite.55 people 60 (require) to fly it,” said Zhang Huagang, general manager of Weifang Tianshun Kite Productions and one of the kite makers.
According to Zhang, “the giant dragon kite, using traditional Chinese techniques, 61 (refer) to our nation’s wishes for prosperity and fortune”. The kite festival, now in its 38th edition, opened on Friday 62 the presence of hundreds of amateurs and professionals, 63 flooded to the city from near and far to display their creations at the event.
This year’s festival features a record 1,628 kites in 64 (vary) forms by 500 participants 65 (divide) into 188 teams from over 31 provinces and regions from across the country.
第二部分 基础知识考查（共10小题; 每小题1分，满分10分）
66. What annoys us is that he usually does nothing but (抱怨) about having so many things to do at weekends.
67. The whole community were pleased with the news that a new commercial center was under (建造) and relative facilities would be provided.
68. These animals consumed large amounts of plants, which reduced plant (多样性)in the park.
69. (商业) organizations and activities are concerned with making money or profits, rather than, for example, with scientific research or providing a public service.
70. Banks, companies, and government (机构) use secret codes in doing business, especially when information is sent by computer.
71. The memory of his childhood (消失) as the boy grew up.
72. How dare you speak to me (以粗鲁的举止)!
73. In the early 1920s, thousands of people went to Australia to (寻找发财机会).
74. They have come to the North Africa (怀着…的希望)searching for treasure.
75. We thought he was serious, but (事实上)he was joking.
近期你校校报英文版计划面向全体同学开展以“My space dream”为主题的征文比赛。请你以校报编辑的身份在校报上写一则通知。内容包括：
1. 词数 80 左右；
For the past 17 years, Cathy had been living in the shadows. Because of some birth problems, her bones and muscles were out of shape. No one expected her to survive long. She did make it but with her strange body figure, everyone could recognize her, even from a distance.
In her hometown, a yearly outdoor performance was held in the school auditorium(礼堂). It had been performed for so many years and actually had become one of the most important events of the Christmas season for many of the town’s people.
Many people tried out each year for it, but so many were turned away. It can only include the most excellent people in the field.
Cathy had a beautiful singing voice. Last year she went to her music teacher Mrs. Owens to ask to join in the performance. Without letting her sing, Mrs. Owens took a glance at Cathy’s body and said, “Child, you are just not suitable. Everyone would stare at you and that would make you uncomfortable. It would make them uncomfortable, too.”
Without singing a single note, Cathy was sent back through the door of the music classroom. Hurt and upset，she decided never to try out again. But Mrs. Owens then retired.
This year, there came a new music teacher, Mr. Butler. He heard about Cathy and suggested that she have a try.
Cathy didn’t want to be rejected again, so she hesitated about it. As Cathy struggled, the door was pushed open and Mr. Butler called, “Cathy, you’re next.” Kind of nervous as she was, Cathy did as Mr. Butler told her to. Mr. Butler sat by the piano to keep Cathy company. When Cathy finished her testing performance, she thanked Mr. Butler and knew the result would be posted on notice board the next day.
Cathy couldn’t sleep that night. She tossed and turned in bed one thousand times. She was suffering from the feelings that she didn’t fit and the great need to be accepted. By the next morning, her stomach was even in pain due to stress.
1.续写词数应为 150 左右;
Cathy rushed to school and glanced at the list on the notice board anxiously.
Finally, the day for the performance came.
吉林省“BEST 合作体”2022-2023 学年度下学期期末考试
1-5 CBAAC 6-10 BCABC 11-15 ABCBA 16-20 BACCB
21-23 ADC 24-27 CDAB 28-31 DACB 32-35 ADBC
41-45BACCA 46-50 BBCDB 51-55 CBDBA
56. stretching 57. the 58. height 59. widest 60. are required
61. refers 62. in 63. who 64. various 65. divided
66.complain 67. construction 68. diversity 69. commercial 70. agencies
71. faded away 72. in a rude manner 73. seek their fortune 74. in the hope of 75. as a matter of fact
To satisfy students’ thirst for the knowledge of space, our school English newspaper will organize an activity to write an article titled “My space dream”.
The article mainly focuses on the development of our space industry and your space dream, which will greatly help us students know about the history and development of our space industry, and then inspire us to make contributions to it. Anyone who shows interest in it is welcome to take part in. Remember to send your article to English newspaper club @126.com by June 5.
Your participation will surely make a difference.
Cathy rushed to school and glanced at the list on the notice board anxiously. The fear of being rejected came to strike again. “Jeff Green, Rose Black…” she murmured as her eyes moved upward. “Wow!” Cathy abruptly covered her wide-opened mouth, feeling as if her heart would jump out. There, at the top of the list was posted her name. The leading singer! However, whispers around her pulled her back to earth. Just then, she felt a pat on the shoulder. It was Mr. Butler. “We selected you for our faith in your abilities and voice.” Inspired, Cathy worked even harder for the final performance.
Finally, the day for the performance came. Cathy’s eyes danced with excitement as she stepped on to the stage. Standing still, she heard noises among the crowd. Obviously not cheers! Cathy felt nervous again and even her legs began trembling. At that moment, her eyes parked on Mr. Butler at the corner. He nodded and exchanged a determined glance with her, which timely put her heart back in place. With the music rising, Cathy began her singing. Her sweet voice poured and the audience fell into an abrupt silence. When she finished, the auditorium erupted into a sea of cheers. Cathy White in tears, with so many birth problems in her body, became the shiniest star!
Text 1 身体不适
W: Daniel, I feel so dizzy.
M: Did you have breakfast? It could be the body’s signal that levels of blood sugar are too low.
W: No. Maybe I should have a piece of candy before the staff meeting.
Text 2 支付方式
W: Hello, sir. Did you find everything you need?
M: Sure. I’m just worried I don’t have enough cash to pay for them.
W: No worries. We accept credit cards, and you can also pay with apps.
M: Oh, cool, I have my phone here.
Text 3 即将出发去餐馆
M: Why are you eating snacks, Nancy? We’re going out to meet our grandparents at Kim’s Canteen in five minutes.
W: Sorry, but I never like the dishes there. I always leave hungry.
M: Well, I’ll help you order something new.
Text 4 不顺利的一天
M: I had a long day, and it seems that everything has gone wrong today.
W: How could that be?
M: I was late for the school bus this morning. When I took a taxi, there was a jam. And now something has gone wrong with my computer.
Text 5 读书时被噪音打扰
W: Hi, what are you doing?
M: Oh, I had planned to do some reading today, but I just can’t concentrate. The noise outside is very annoying.
W: Then come and shop online with me!
M: OK. I hate going to stores.
Text 6 谈论新开的餐馆
M: I finally had a chance to try that new cafe down the street.
M: Apart from those wild colors they’ve painted on the walls, I actually enjoyed my lunch. Great soup, and the salad was really fresh.
W: Oh, I’d like to try the soup next time. ⑥I had the sandwich of the day and it wasn’t bad at all.
M: ⑦Yeah, at least they’ve got the food part right. But those walls! Hey, would you like to give the place another try? Tomorrow maybe?
W: Sure, tomorrow works for me.
Text 7 偶遇
W: Hi Tim! I’ve been wondering when I’d run into you. Have you been here long?
M: ⑧I arrived here on Friday. How about you?
W: ⑧I got here one day earlier than you.
M: But we don’t have to be here till Sunday.
W: Yes, I know, but I want to get my things moved into my room, and just take a look around. So, did you decide to major in English?
M: No, ⑨I changed my mind and opted for history instead. And you’re doing biology if I remember correctly. W: Yes, although I couldn’t decide between that and geography to start with.
Text 8 为足球运动员设计足球鞋
M: What are you doing, Lili?
W: I’m painting a pair of soccer shoes. M: It looks interesting. Why did you begin to do that?
W: ➉One day when I was watching my favorite football player Lionel Messi play in a game, I thought why not make a special pair of shoes for him? So I began to work.
M: Did Messi love the shoes?
W: Yes. ⑪The shoes had lovely details with black and white images of the soccer player and his family. I received a photo of him holding the shoes. I was very happy and decided to work on more shoes.
M: Have you sent any shoes to other famous football players?
W: Yes. My colorful designs drew attention from other players and they wanted my artworks.
M: So do you love doing that?
W: Sure. ⑫Football is something that I always like as well as art. I’m glad I found a way to connect the two things.
Text 9 采访歌手
W: ⑬Steven, our audience are curious to know how you got into singing. So tell us about it.
M: ⑬Sure. My uncle used to play in a band. I tried to persuade him to let me sing in his band but I failed. I started writing songs at twelve. ⑭A famous singer liked one of the songs I wrote. He asked me to go to his studio and he recorded it. It was he who made me start my career as a singer.
W: You went to an art school, didn’t you?
M: Right. The classes were good. I had some brilliant teachers. They offered us plenty of chances to get out on stage. W: ⑮Are you working on your new album now?
M: ⑮Yes, I got lots of ideas for it while I was doing tours in Asia and Europe. I’m sure it’ll be a big hit.
W: And your immediate plans?
M: There’s nothing I’d like more than to spend some time with friends. ⑯But actually I’m going to be on tour promoting my new album at lots of summer music festivals.
Text 10 新学期讲话
M: ⑰Good morning everyone, and welcome to a new school term. We have an exciting time ahead for both staff and students. Next week we will be welcoming our new first-year students, and I hope that you will all make them feel welcome and help them settle in. Now, I want to remind everyone that our school will be having a government safety check this Friday. ⑱The officials are due to arrive before morning meeting and will spend the first couple of hours checking the electrical system. Then, they will move on to checking the fire alarms and the safety doors, which could mean they will be coming into your classrooms. ⑲During an earlier visit, an official pointed out a safety issue with the surface of our football field. It has now been closed until changes have been made. However, football can still be played in the schoolyard. Depending on the results of the examination, there may have to be more changes. ⑳To discuss this topic, our school will close on Friday afternoon for a special staff meeting. That’s all for today. Thank you.