When faced with the decision to get out of bed or have a few more minutes of sleep, which do you choose? Believe it or not, that decision could make a world of difference in the rest of your day.
About 85 percent of Americans use an alarm clock to wake up in the mornings, according to sleep researcher Till Roen. And while there are no official numbers on snoozing(打盹), a quick survey of social media makes it clear that hitting the snooze button is a popular pastime(消遣).
As to how the snooze button will affect your day, scientists have mixed opinions. Some scientists think people who hit the snooze button in the mornings are actually clever, creative and happy while some said that hitting the snooze button will ruin your life, or at the very least your day. “I feel that hitting the snooze button has got to be one of the worst things that ever happened to human sleep,” researcher Jonathan Horowitz said. “The chances of you ‘snoozing’ and actually experiencing a meaningful rest are close to zero.”
According to some sleep experts, when hitting the snooze button, you are in fact confusing your body and mind, and throwing yourself into a deep state of being sleepy. The body needs some time to wake up. Therefore, when returning to what will be a light sleep for a brief period of time, you are putting your body back into a sleep mode before waking it again. At that point your body won’t know what it wants, resulting in a sort of half awaken state.
If you really want to take advantage of an alarm clock, the key is to form a healthy sleep cycle. Focus your efforts on getting enough sleep each night and waking up at the same time each day so that when your alarm goes off you feel rested.
1．What can we infer about hitting the snooze button from Paragraph 2?
A．People do it just for fun. B．It is a common practice.
C．People take it seriously. D．It is a bit childish.
2．What do some sleep experts think of hitting the snooze button?
A．It is meaningful in the long term. B．It makes people become lazy.
C．It brings us a sense of satisfaction. D．It affects our body and mind.
3．What’s the author’s suggestion on getting the best out of alarms?
A．Making use of willpower. B．Trying to relax ourselves.
C．Developing a good sleep habit. D．Using an extra alarm.
4．What is the purpose of the text?
A．To introduce ways to keep refreshed in the morning.
B．To explain the relationship between the snooze button and people’s character.
C．To discuss whether people should hit the snooze button.
D．To illustrate how to avoid the light sleep mode.
Do you want to travel to the New England Aquarium and experience it? If you are an Aquarium super fan, I believe you must be interested in some information below.
Animal encounter Programs
Dive into the water with a seal. Stand on top of the four storey Giant Ocean Tank to feed the animals. Go behind the scenes of your favorite exhibits. Whether you have an unquenchable curiosity about oceanic animals or you want a brand-new observation on popular exhibits, fascinating Animal Encounter programs are designed for the Aquarium super fans. Call Central Reservations at 617-973-5206 to book your program.
Don’t miss a day in the life of the New England Aquarium. Be sure to catch our daily events, which include penguin feedings, seal training sessions, dives in the Giant Ocean Tank and live animal performances. Our daily schedule will tell you when and where to watch your favorite program. All programs are included with admission.
Join us for family activities at the Aquarium, where we explore the blue planet most days through art, animals and other activities. We focus on one animal every month with Blue Discoveries Family Day, from octopuses to whales. These activities are included with admission. For a fee, schools and other qualifying groups can also choose Explorer Classes for kids and special 3-D showings.
Virtual Tours and Videos
Before stepping foot in the Aquarium, explore some of our special exhibits and learn what to expect. Check out the Field Trip Orientation video before arriving with your group. The How to Be a Shark and Ray Whisperer video gives special instructions on how to best experience our shark and ray touch tank. The Blue Impact virtual tour highlights some of our exhibits as it explains the impact of climate change on oceans around the world.
5．What does the passage tell us?
A．Visitors can’t see whales in the aquarium
B．The New England Aquarium has four storeys
C．Visitors can dive in the Giant Ocean Tank in the aquarium
D．Qualifying groups can choose Explorer Classes for adults in the aquarium
6．What do visitors have to pay extra money for?
A．Penguin feedings B．Seal training sessions
C．Special 3-D showings D．The Blue Impact virtual tour
7．Why does the Aquarium set up Virtual Tours and Videos?
A．To help visitors best experience the Aquarium
B．To draw attention to climate change on oceans
C．To sell video disks of the Aquarium to the visitors
D．To give instructions on how to protect oceanic animals
Trip 1 Black Bear Count
There have been fires in this area in the last few years and the Office of the National Park is not sure how many black bears are still living. Some bears have been seen since the fires, and the Office has asked for young people to help count them. The entire trip will last three hours.
Cost: 15£ for adult,10£ for child When: March 14, April8
Trip 2 Garland Valley
Bring your drink and lunch for this walk in a beautiful area of the Blue Mountains. Garland Valley is close to the town of Garland but is part of the National Park. Many wild animals live in this area, including many rare birds. This is a great walk for bird-lovers. The trip lasts four hours.
Cost: Free When: May 8, September15
Trip 3 Flashlight Adventure
Put on your warm clothes, bring a flashlight and a pair of glasses, and come for a night walk along the Dungog Valley in the National Park. A guide will lead the tour. Many of the animals you will see on this trip can only be seen at night. The guide will tell you about the lives of the animals you see. Numbers are strictly limited on night trips, so be sure to book early. This walk lasts two and a half hours.
Cost:12£ for child, 15£ for adult When: May 15, July 22
Equipment to be needed:
·Please bring enough water and food for all walks.
·Wear good walking shoes-no high heels.
·Wear a hat for day walks.
·Dress warmly for night walks.
·Children must be with an adult.
·Make sure your flashlight works well and bring extra batteries for night walks.
·Follow all instructions from guides during the walks. The mountains are a dangerous place.
·Bookings for the above trips can be made by telephone (893-4847) or on the Internet at www.blue — mountaintour.com.
8．On which trip can you have fun at night?
A．Trip 2. B．Trip 3. C．Trip 1. D．Trip 1 & 3.
9．Where are these trips?
A．In a large valley. B．In a park in the mountains.
C．In a special kind of zoo. D．In three different countries.
10．How much will Mr. Smith pay if he joins a trip with his son and wife during summer vacation?
A．39£. B．40£. C．Free. D．42£.
Jeremiad Oleita thinks she may have a partial solution for two of our country’s persistent problems: garbage and poverty. It’s called the Chip Bag Project. The 26-year-old student and environmentalist from Detroit is asking a favor of local snack lovers: Rather than throw your empty chip bags into the rubbish, donate them so she can turn them into sleeping bags for the homeless.
Chip eaters drop off their empty bags at two locations in Detroit: a print shop and a clothing store, where Oleita and her volunteer helpers collect them. After they clean the chip bags in soapy hot water, they slice them open, ay them flat, and iron them together. They use liners from old coats to line the insides.
It takes about four hours to sew a sleeping bag，and each takes around 150 to 300 chip bags, depending on whether they’re single—serve or family size. The result is a sleeping bag that is “waterproof, lightweight, and easy to carry around,” Oleita told the Detroit News.
Since its start in 2020, the Chip Bag Project has collected more than 800, 000 chip bags and, as of last December, created 110 sleeping bags.
Sure, it would be simpler to raise money to buy new sleeping bags. But that’s only half the goal for Oleita—whose family moved to the United States from Nigeria a decade ago with the hope of attaining a better life—and her fellow volunteers. “We are dedicated to making an impact not only socially, but environmentally,” she says.
As Oleita said, “There’s the symbolism of using bags that would otherwise land in the rubbish and using them to help the homeless. It’s a powerful reminder that environmental injustice and poverty often go hand in hand. ”
11．Why did Oleita start the Chip Bag Project?
A．To sell sleeping bags for the poor. B．To raise money for the homeless.
C．To return a favor to chip eaters. D．To solve garbage and poverty problems.
12．How are the collected empty bags handled first?
A．They are washed. B．They are sliced.
C．They are ironed. D．They are sewed.
13．Which of the following is true of Oleita?
A．She is seriously attractive. B．She is heavily independent.
C．She is socially responsible. D．She is financially successful.
14．What can be inferred about garbage and poverty according to Oleita?
A．They are easy to solve. B．They remind us of injustice.
C．They are closely connected. D．They are the symbols of society.
Here are some ways parents can use to encourage a healthy self-image in their children.
Teach what real value is. I think kids sometimes are confused about values. How valuable you are is not measured by how pretty you are on the outside. ___15___ We were watching the Oscars and my 6-year-old son said, “She is so pretty,” and then quickly looked at me and said you are prettier, Mom.” And I said, “It’s okay. There are many people prettier than me on the outside. I know that’s not why you love me.” ___16___
Tell your kids about “the grass is always greener” syndrome. It is very easy for all of us to see the charm, whether it is in a famous singer or the most popular girl in the school. Do not think too highly of famous people. ___17___ Maybe they have the same struggles, like wanting acceptance from peers.
___18___ Don’t be afraid to have conversations with your child about how they’re feeling about ads songs, etc. You are the parent! ___19___ Take a stand and have confidence enough not to be followers and not to purchase clothing, music, or magazines that you don’t believe send the right message to your children!
A．Use your mouth.
B．Be patient with your kids.
C．about what problems they might have.
D．It is important to teach children this from an early age.
E．Success is not measured by how famous you are, either.
F．Girls tend to like famous singers while boys prefer sports stars.
G．In fact, kids of all ages want and need boundaries from you.
I had reached the age of twenty-eight. Still, I ____20____ whether the letter from my past would make it to me, all these years later. It was a ____21____ writing task from when I was eighteen. The teacher collected our letters to our ____22____ selves in self-addressed envelope with stamps and promised to ___23___ them ten years later. But since so much time had passed, would he even ____24____?
Thinking back on the ____25____, I recalled giving my future self some advice. When you’re eighteen Years old, twenty-eight seems like a ____26____ age, but I wasn’t feeling as mature as I believed my younger self had ____27____ me to be.
When the letter finally reached me, I opened it ____28____. It began, “How much do you bet this letter will never get to you?” It continued to greet me casually _____29_____ we were having an IM (instant messaging) chat. As a senior in high school, facing the _____30_____SATS and college application, my eighteen-year-old self was so ____31____! She was apparently not quite happy and hoped I wouldn’t worry so much in the future, and that I wouldn’t forget to be present and _____32_____ my life!
____33____ to my belief, my eighteen-year-old self did not have any demands of me, or expectations I might have _____34_____ meet. Instead, she wrote, “I’ll _____35_____whatever you do. Even if you are not the one I’m imagining now, I’ll support you, because maybe_____36_____ I’m imagining is someone else, but you’re not someone else, you’re me.
I was _____37_____, and tears welled up in my eyes at this _____38_____ through time. I had put a lot of pressure on myself to be the best version of myself that I could be. ____39____, I came to realize what I would have accomplished in ten years would pale in comparison(相形之下) to how I’d feel and who I’d be.
20．A．believed B．bet C．doubted D．considered
21．A．hopeless B．creative C．urgent D．tough
22．A．inner B．happy C．future D．young
23．A．correct B．mail C．answer D．write
24．A．remember B．understand C．mind D．remain
25．A．application B．comment C．study D．letter
26．A．grown-up B．happy C．made-up D．promising
27．A．promised B．convince C．encouraged D．expected
28．A．calmly B．cautiously C．eagerly D．naturally
29．A．even if B．so that C．now that D．as if
30．A．appearing B．arriving C．approaching D．approving
31．A．depressed B．ambitious C．carefree D．stressed
32．A．enjoy B．value C．start D．earn
33．A．Contrary B．Honest C．Surprised D．Strange
34．A．tried to B．failed to C．managed to D．determined to
35．A．stand for B．stand with C．stand by D．stand out
36．A．what B．who C．which D．that
37．A．guilty B．touched C．embarrassed D．nervous
38．A．self-acceptance B．self-service C．self-defense D．self-concern
39．A．Besides B．Therefore C．Then D．However
Directions: After reading the passage below, fill in the blanks to make the passage coherent and grammatically correct. For the blanks with a given word, fill in each blank with the proper form of the given word; for the other blanks, use one word that best fits each blank.
Clues at Ancient Lake Site Reveal Earliest Known Cooked Meal
Scientists have found the earliest known evidence of cooking at an archaeological site in Israel. The discovery has suggested prehistoric humans were able to deliberately make fires to cook food at least 780,000 years ago.
The detailed study of fish teeth unearthed at the Gesher Benot Ya’ aqov site revealed that some of our early ancestors — most likely Homo erectus ( 直立猿人) believed to be the first hominin ( 古人族) ____40____ (migrate) outside Africa — were able to cook fish, said Dr. Irit Zohar, a researcher at Tel Aviv University’ s Steinhardt Museum of Natural History.
No human remains ____41____ ( find) at the site before, but the stone tools matched ____42____ found at Homo erectus sites across Africa, Zohar said. She said the lake would have been shallow, and it might have been easy to catch large fish like the extinct Luciobarbus longiceps, which ____43____ grow up to. 5 feet (2 meters), by hand.
This is an incredibly important discovery ____44____ the shift to eating cooked meals meant humans spent less energy on the intensive work of searching for and digesting raw food, freeing up ____45____ . Diet has had a big impact on the evolution of our species. It has been suggested ____46____ the consumption of meat in particular contributed to the increase in relative brain size of our early Homo ancestors — but they risked ____47____ ( contract) diseases while consuming the uncooked meat which was likely to be contaminated by infective bacteria, ” Linscott said.
“Cooking, however, kills bacteria and increases the energetic value of meat, ____48____ ( create) a new reliable food source for early hominins. Understanding when this happened is therefore a topic of great interest, because it might help to explain _____49_____ our hominin ancestors evolved the way in which they did. ”
The Dog Who Saved Our Family
We met Max at the pickup area of Alaska Airlines five years ago. He was a standard poodle(狮子狗)born on Valentine’s Day in 2017， and came to us in a small blue box. We had adopted him from an out-of-state raiser who posted the news on the social network. Our only request was that he have a calm behavior, able to bear the pushing and hugging of our eight-year-old daughter and six-year-old son.
We were a sweet little family:me,my husband, and our children, Sophie and Jake. But for years I’d felt as if we wouldn’t really be complete until we had a dog. Also, my husband worked in a business company and had to travel some 200 days a year for his job, and I knew I’d feel safer with a large animal sleeping by the door.
When we opened the box, the last piece of our puzzle fell into place. With his black hair and intelligent eyes,Max was beautiful. He was so small that he fit into the palm of my hand, his big paws lapping over the sides. He was also a little bit scared. As I pulled him close,I felt his heart pound and wondered if we’d done the right thing, taking him from his mother. But it was too late. Sophie and Jake were already fighting over who would hold him next and who should have the right to take a bath for him.
Over the following months, we spent endless hours watching Max play with his Kong toy or roll around the living room floor. Like most poodles, he was smart. He mastered house-training quickly and never chewed on our furniture or shoes. He considered himself one of us.
One night we were sleeping in the bedroom when I heard some strange noise.
At that time,Max ran towards me.
1．B 2．D 3．C 4．C
1．推理判断题。根据第二段“And while there are no official numbers on snoozing(打盹), a quick survey of social media makes it clear that hitting the snooze button is a popular pastime(消遣).”（虽然没有关于打盹的官方数据，但对社交媒体的快速调查表明，按下打盹按钮是一种很受欢迎的消遣方式）可知，从第二段中我们可以推断出摁下打盹按钮这是一种常见的做法。故选B项。
2．细节理解题。根据第五段“According to some sleep experts, when hitting the snooze button, you are in fact confusing your body and mind, and throwing yourself into a deep state of being sleepy.”（根据一些睡眠专家的说法，当你按下贪睡按钮的时候，你实际上是在混淆你的身体和大脑，让自己进入一个昏昏欲睡的状态）可知，一些睡眠专家对按下贪睡按钮的看法是它会影响我们的身心。故选D项。
3．细节理解题。根据最后一段“If you really want to take advantage of an alarm clock, the key is to form a healthy sleep cycle. Focus your efforts on getting enough sleep each night and waking up at the same time each day so that when your alarm goes off you feel rested.”（如果你真的想利用闹钟，关键是要形成一个健康的睡眠周期。把精力集中在每晚获得足够的睡眠上，每天在同一时间起床，这样当你的闹钟响起时，你就感觉休息好了）可知，对于如何充分利用闹钟，作者的建议是养成良好的睡眠习惯。故选C项。
4．推理判断题。通读全文以及根据第一段“When faced with the decision to get out of bed or have a few more minutes of sleep, which do you choose? Believe it or not, that decision could make a world of difference in the rest of your day.”（当你面临起床还是多睡几分钟的抉择时，你会选择哪一个?信不信由你，这个决定可能会给你接下来的一天带来翻天覆地的变化）和第三段“As to how the snooze button will affect your day, scientists have mixed opinions. Some scientists think people who hit the snooze button in the mornings are actually clever, creative and happy while some said that hitting the snooze button will ruin your life, or at the very least your day.”（至于贪睡按钮会如何影响你的一天，科学家们有不同的看法。一些科学家认为，在早上按下贪睡按钮的人实际上是聪明、有创造力和快乐的，而一些人则说，按下贪睡按钮会毁了你的生活，或者至少毁了你的一天）可知，短文的目的是讨论人们是否应该按下贪睡按钮。故选C项。
5．C 6．C 7．A
5．细节理解题。根据第三段中“Be sure to catch our daily events, which include penguin feedings, seal training sessions, dives in the Giant Ocean Tank and live animal performances. (一定要观看我们的日常活动，包括喂企鹅、海豹训练、在巨型水族箱潜水和现场动物表演)”可知，这篇文章告诉我们游客可以在水族馆的巨型水族箱里潜水。故选C。
6．细节理解题。根据倒数第二段中“For a fee, schools and other qualifying groups can also choose Explorer Classes for kids and special 3-D showings.(只要付费，学校和其他有资格的团体也可以为孩子们选择探索班和特别3D放映)”可知，特别3D放映需要游客额外付费。故选C。
7．细节理解题。根据最后一段中“Check out the Field Trip Orientation video before arriving with your group. The How to Be a Shark and Ray Whisperer video gives special instructions on how to best experience our shark and ray touch tank. The Blue Impact virtual tour highlights some of our exhibits as it explains the impact of climate change on oceans around the world.(在与你的团队到达之前，请查看实地旅行的介绍视频。如何成为一个鲨鱼和Ray Whisperer视频提供了特别的说明，如何最好地体验我们的鲨鱼和Ray触摸水箱。蓝色影响虚拟之旅重点展示了我们的一些展品，因为它解释了气候变化对世界各地海洋的影响)”可知，水族馆设置虚拟旅游和视频是为了帮助游客更好地体验水族馆。故选A。
8．B 9．B 10．D
8．细节理解题。根据 Trip 3中“Many of the animals you will see on this trip can only be seen at night (你在这次旅行中看到的许多动物只能在晚上才能看到)”可知，在第三条旅游路线，你晚上会玩得很开心。故选B。
9．推理判断题。根据全文每一套旅行方案中都提及“the National Park”，再结合“valley”和“mountains”等信息可知，这些旅行都是在山上的一个公园里。故选B。
10．细节理解题。由三套旅行方案的时间可知，暑假期间只有参加Trip3。根据Trip3中的“Cost: 12£ for child, 15£ for adult(费用：儿童12英镑，成人15英镑)”可知，史密斯先生如果在暑假与他的儿子和妻子一起旅游的话，他应该付15£*2+12£=42£。故选D。
11．D 12．A 13．C 14．C
11．细节理解题。根据第一段“Jeremiad Oleita thinks she may have a partial solution for two of our country’s persistent problems: garbage and poverty. It’s called the Chip Bag Project.（Jeremiad Oleita认为，她可能会帮助解决一部分的环保和贫困问题。）”可知，Oleita认为她发起的Chip Bag Project可能会帮助解决一部分环保和贫困的问题。故选D。
12．细节理解题。根据第二段“After they clean the chip bags in soapy hot water, they slice them open, ay them flat, and iron them together.（在他们用肥皂热水清洗了袋子后，他们会将袋子撕开，平铺并进行熨烫。）”可知， Oleita和志愿者收集好薯片袋子后，会先用肥皂热水清洗。故选A。
13．推理判断题。根据文章倒数第二段最后一句““We are dedicated to making an impact not only socially, but environmentally,” she says.（她说道：“我们致力于不仅对社会有贡献，还要对环境有所贡献”。）”可知，Oleita是一个非常有社会责任感的人。故选C。
14．细节理解题。根据文章最后一段“It’s a powerful reminder that environmental injustice and poverty often go hand in hand（这是一个强有力的提醒：环境非正义和贫穷问题通常是紧密相连的。）”可知，Oleita认为用薯片袋子来帮助无家可归的人是有象征意义的，提醒着人们，环境非正义和贫穷问题通常是紧密相连的。故选C。
15．E 16．D 17．C 18．A 19．G
根据上句“How valuable you are is not measured by how pretty you are on the outside. ”：你的价值并不是由你在外表上的美丽来衡量的。可知，E项，Success is not measured by how famous you are, either.（成功也不是由你的名气来衡量的。）与上句吻合。measure是关键词，暗示词either，两句在句式上相统一，故选E。
根据上句“I said, “It’s okay. There are many people prettier than me on the outside. I know that’s not why you love me.” ”：我说，“没关系。外面有很多人比我漂亮。我知道这不是你爱我的原因。”，此处是对上文的总结，说明从很小的时候就开始教孩子们“内在美”是很重要的。D项中的this指的是“不能以貌取人”，故选D。
根据后句“Maybe they have the same struggles, like wanting acceptance from peers.”：也许他们有同样的挣扎，比如想要得到同龄人的认可，这说明名人也会遇到和普通人一样的问题，而且空前“Do not think too highly of famous people”是半句话，是不完整的，所以只有C项 about what problems they might have.与之匹配，构成完整的句子。句意：不要太看重名人可能会遇到什么问题，故选C。
此空位于段首，是该段主题句。根据其他各段主题句的句式特点，应该用短小精悍的祈使句，应该在A/B中选。根据后句“Don’t be afraid to have conversations with your child about how they’re feeling about ads songs, etc. ”：不要害怕和你的孩子谈论他们对广告歌曲的感受。可知，A项Use your mouth.（利用你的嘴）符合题意，故选A。
根据上句“You are the parent!”：你们是父母。再根据下句“Take a stand and have confidence enough not to be followers and not to purchase clothing, music, or magazines that you don’t believe send the right message to your children!”：站起来，有足够的信心不要成为追随者并且不购买你不相信能向你的孩子传达正确信息的服装、音乐或杂志。可知，这是在谈论父母和孩子之间有代沟的问题，G项：实际上，各个年龄段的孩子都想要和你划清界限，符合语境，故选G。
【点睛】“当心文中小also/too/as well/either”，also/too/as well是“也”的意思，用于肯定句中，either是“也”的意思，用于否定句中。这就说明前文一定存在它的一个分支了，这样的例子比比皆是：前文交代“It helps you practice what you have learnt during the day and establish study habits that will be important in college ”虽然看上去很长的一句话，从句就有两个，但是重点就三个单词“It helps you”，此时在空中填上“It can also help you prepare for your classes and get a sense of progress.”，（关键词It can also help you）这样一对应就很工整了。当然“also”只是一个代表罢了，可以表示递进的词还有很多：what’ more, besides, in addition等等。本文第1小题，上句：你的价值并不是由你在外表上的美丽来衡量的。可知，E项，Success is not measured by how famous you are, either.（成功也不是由你的名气来衡量的。）与上句吻合。关键词either。
20．C 21．B 22．C 23．B 24．A 25．D 26．A 27．D 28．C 29．D 30．C 31．D 32．A 33．A 34．B 35．C 36．B 37．B 38．A 39．D
20．本题考查语境判断之其他线索。句意：尽管如此，这么多年过去了，我还是怀疑过去的那封信是否还能收到。A. believed相信；B. bet打赌；C. doubted怀疑；D. considered考虑。根据下文whether the letter from my past would make it to me可知，作者持怀疑态度。故选C。
21．本题考查语境判断之其他线索。句意：这是我18岁时的一项创造性写作任务。A. hopeless绝望的；B. creative创造性的；C. urgent紧急的；D. tough艰难的。根据下文老师要我们给未来的自己写信可知，是一项有创造性的写作。故选B。
22．本题考查语境判断之其他线索。句意：老师把我们写给未来自己的信装在一个有邮票的回邮信封里，并答应十年后寄出。A. inner内部的；B. happy快乐的；C. future未来的；D. young年轻的。根据下文ten years later可知，是写给未来的。故选C。
23．本题考查语境判断之其他线索。句意：老师把我们写给未来自己的信装在一个有邮票的回邮信封里，并答应十年后寄出。A. correct纠正；B. mail邮寄；C. answer回答；D. write书写。根据上文写信可知是邮寄。故选B。
24．本题考查语境判断之逻辑关系。句意：但这么长时间过去了，他还会记得吗?A. remember记住；B. understand明白；C. mind介意；D. remain保留。根据上文since so much time had passed可知，推测这么长时间过去了是否还记得。故选A。
25．本题考查语境判断之其他线索。句意：回想起那封信，我想起给未来的自己提了一些建议。A. application应用；B. comment评论；C. study学习；D. letter信。根据上文可知是那封写给自己的信。故选D。
26．本题考查语境判断之其他线索。句意：当你18岁的时候，28岁似乎是一个成年人的年龄，但我并没有像年轻时的自己所期望的那样成熟。A. grown-up成熟的；成年的；B. happy快乐的；C. made-up编造的；D. promising有前途的。28岁是一个成年人的年龄。故选A。
27．本题考查语境判断之其他线索。句意：当你18岁的时候，28岁似乎是一个成年人的年龄，但我并没有像年轻时的自己所期望的那样成熟。A. promised承诺；B. convince说服；C. encouraged鼓励；D. expected期待。根据上文but I wasn’t feeling as mature as I believed my younger self可知，是像年轻时期待的那样。故选D。
28．本题考查语境判断之其他线索。句意：当我终于收到那封信时，我急切地打开了它。A. calmly冷静地；B. cautiously慎重地；C. eagerly急切地；D. naturally自然地。根据上文作者一直怀疑是否能收到那封信，所以当作者收到信之后，应该是很急切地打开，故选C。
29．本题考查语境判断之逻辑关系。句意：它继续漫不经心地向我打招呼，就像我们在进行即时通讯聊天一样。A. even if即使；B. so that以便；C. now that既然；D. as if好像。根据后文we were having an IM (instant messaging) chat.可知，是表示“好像”，故选D。
30．本题考查语境判断之其他线索。句意：作为一名高中生，面对即将到来的sat和大学申请，我18岁的自己压力很大!A. appearing表现；B. arriving到达；C. approaching接近；D. approving支持。根据下文SATS and college application可知，SAT和大学申请即将到来。故选C。
31．本题考查语境判断之其他线索。句意：作为一名高中生，面对即将到来的SAT和大学申请，我18岁的自己压力很大!A. depressed沮丧的；B. ambitious有野心的；C. carefree无忧无虑的；D. stressed紧张的，感到有压力的。根据上文可知，作者18岁很有压力。故选D。
32．本题考查语境判断之其他线索。句意：她显然不太高兴，希望我以后不要那么担心，希望我不要忘记活在当下，享受生活!A. enjoy享受；B. value重视；C. start开始；D. earn赚。根据下文my life可知，希望自己多享受生活。故选A。
33．本题考查语境判断之其他线索。句意：与我的信念相反，18岁的我对自己没有任何要求，也没有任何我未能实现的期望。A. Contrary相反的；B. Honest诚实的；C. Surprised惊讶的；D. Strange陌生的。根据下文my eighteen-year-old self did not have any demands of me可知，是与信念相反。故选A。
34．本题考查语境判断之其他线索。句意：与我的信念相反，18岁的我对自己没有任何要求，也没有任何我可能无法实现的期望。A. tried to试图；B. failed to未能；C. managed to设法；D. determined to决心要。根据上文18岁的作者对自己没有任何要求，因此也没有任何作者未能实现的期望。故选B。
35．本题考查语境判断之其他线索。句意：无论你做什么，我都支持。A. stand for代表；B. stand with与……站在一起；C. stand by支持；准备；D. stand out杰出。根据下文whatever you do可知，无论做什么都支持。故选C。
37．本题考查语境判断之其他线索。句意：我感动了。A. guilty内疚的；B. touched感动的；C. embarrassed尴尬的；D. nervous紧张的。根据下文tears welled up in my eyes可知，作者很感动。故选B。
38．本题考查语境判断之其他线索。句意：我被感动了，随着时间的推移，这种自我接纳使我热泪盈眶。A. self-acceptance自我接纳；B. self-service自助服务；C. self-defense自卫；D. self-concern自私自利。根据上文Even if you are not the one I’m imagining now, I’ll support you可知，作者在信中进行了自我接纳。故选A。
39．本题考查语境判断之逻辑关系。句意：然而，我开始意识到，与我的感受和我将成为什么样的人相比，我在10年内所能取得的成就将是微不足道的。A. Besides而且；B. Therefore因此；C. Then然后；D. However然而。根据上下文语境为转折，故选D。
As a senior in high school, facing the 11 SATS and college application, my eighteen-year-old self was so 12 !
11. A. appearing B. arriving C. approaching D. approving
40．to migrate 41．had been found 42．those 43．could 44．because## since ##as 45．more 46．that 47．contracting 48．creating 49．why
40．考查动词不定式。句意：很可能是直立人，被认为是第一个迁移到非洲以外的人类。分析句子可知，此处为the first…to do“第一个做某事的……”固定短语，为动词不定式作后置定语。故填to migrate。
41．考查时态语态。句意：佐哈尔说，此前在该遗址没有发现过人类遗骸，但这些石器与在非洲各地直立人遗址发现的石器相符。根据句意以及before可知，此处动作应为过去的过去，为过去完成时。主语与谓语为被动关系。故填had been found
44．考查连词。句意：这是一个非常重要的发现，因为食用熟食的转变意味着人类在寻找和消化生食物的密集工作上花费的精力更少，从而释放出更多的精力。根据句意可知，此处为连词because / since / as引导的原因状语从句，满足句意要求。故填because / since / as。
46．考查连接词。句意：林斯考特说:“有人认为，肉类的消费尤其有助于我们早期人类祖先的相对脑容量的增加，但他们在食用可能被感染细菌污染的生肉时，有感染疾病的风险。”分析句子可知，此处固定句型it has been suggested that…“这表明着……”that为主语从句的连接词，满足句子结构。故填that。
50．One possible version:
One night we were sleeping in the bed room when I heard some strange noise. I thought it was Max running and hitting something, so I kept lying in the bed and made an attempt to fall asleep again. However, the noise became louder and louder, which had already annoyed me. Swiftly I got up from my bed. I opened the door and found Max was running around the living room, trying to let all the things fall down. These abnormal behaviors really confused me while it also made me a little afraid.
At that time,Max ran towards me. He firmly grabbed my trousers and motioned me to the kitchen. As I approached the kitchen, I could obviously smell a strong burning scent and instantly knew what had happened. When I saw the fierce fire in the kitchen, I dashed into my children’s room like an arrow, waking them up at my maximum voice. Rushing out of the house together, I called 911 and asked our neighbors for help at the same time. Fortunately both my family and my house were saved. Thanks to our smart Max, we did escape from death.
①试图：make an attempt/make an effort/take a crack at
④知道；know/be aware of/realize
【点睛】[高分句型1] However, the noise became louder and louder, which had already annoyed me.(which引导的非限制性定语从句)
[高分句型2]As I approached the kitchen, I could obviously smell a strong burning scent and instantly knew what had happened.(As引导的时间状语从句)