必修二 词汇语法 专项练习
Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is a health care system in which patients ____1____ (treat) with natural plant, animal, and mineral remedies (药物). It is assumed, for a person to be healthy, ____2____ yin and yang forces should he in balance. Imbalance causes illness or injury. TCM is about ____3____ (restore) the balance between yin and yang forces in patients. It has been a major part of traditional Chinese culture and continues to play ____4____ vital role in medical treatment in China today.
According to the World Health Organization, nearly 80 percent of the world’s population depends for its primary health care needs____5____ medicines from plants and animals. This is especially true in countries where traditional medicines are ____6____ (wide) used.
Increasingly, however, modern medicines also contain substances from animals and plants. Given growing populations, increasing wealth, and the spreading____7____ (popular) of natural remedies around the world, the demand for these medicines and remedies ____8____ (rise) now. The rising demand, ____9____ (combine) with reduced habitat, has caused an alarming increase in the number of plant and animal species used for medicinal purposes at risk for many years. For instance, TCM uses about 1,000 plant and 36 animal species, including the tiger, rhinoceros, and sea horse, _____10_____ are all in danger.
Polar bears are undergoing hunger in a world ____11____ (warm) than ever before.
Polar bears live in the environment too cold for most animals. For most of the year, they live and hunt on Arctic sea ice. Nature has prepared ____12____ (they) for the cold conditions. But nothing has prepared the bears for the danger ____13____ threatens their only home.
Polar bears’ world is melting. Studies show that polar ice ____14____ (reduce) by 9.8% every 10 years since 1978. Now about 20,000 to 25,000 polar bears live in the Arctic. Polar bears depend ____15____ sea ice for their ____16____ (survive). “Sea ice is more than just the platform that the bears walk over,” says Andrew Derocher, ____17____ scientist who studies North American polar bear populations. “Without it, they can’t exist.”
____18____ (melt) and refreezing of polar ice is natural. But in a warmer world, the cycle speeds up, and polar bears have less time ____19____ (hunt). Normally, they have three months in the spring when they gain more weight. The extra fat will be used, when the bears are not _____20_____ (active) hunting.
Years ago, a documentary series titled Masters in the Forbidden City ____21____ (release) in China and soon became a hot topic, bringing the profession of cultural relic (文物) restoration into the public spotlight. Given China’s long history and rich collections, ____22____ takes years of experience and a deep understanding of history to become a qualified restorer. ____23____ backstage heroes, many of them have devoted their lives to protecting cultural relics.
In the Hubei Provincial Museum, Fang Guorong, 62, and Fang Chen, 32, jointly lift a 12-kilogram bronze object, ____24____ attempt to restore a huge and ancient chime bell (编钟). They both work as relic restorers at the museum. The chime bell they are taking care of is the ____25____ (heavy) one ever preserved there.
Fang Guorong has been engaged in restoration work for over 40 years. He enjoys it, ____26____ (treasure) every touch of the bells. According to Fang Guorong, some chime bells were thought too damaged to be restored. But ____27____ (fortunate), digital technologies like 3D scanning have been used ____28____ (preserve) them. “That’s something the older generation couldn’t even dream of,” he says.
Fang Chen began working in the museum in 2014. He has acquired new technologies his elder workmates may find quite ____29____ (challenge). “The restoration work should also keep pace with advances in technology,” says Fang Chen. “This doesn’t mean overturning traditional methods. It’s about the _____30_____ (combine) of old and new methods.”
Diets have changed in China — and so too has its top crop. Since 2011, the country ____31____（grow）more corn than rice. Corn production has jumped nearly 125 percent over ____32____ past 25 years, while rice has increased only 7 percent.
A taste for meat is ____33____ (actual) behind the change: An important part of its corn is used to feed chickens, pigs, and cattle. Another reason for corn’s rise: The government encourages farmers to grow corn instead of rice ____34____ (improve) water quality. Corn uses less water ____35____ rice and creates less fertilizer(化肥) runoff. This switch has decreased ____36____ (pollute) in the country’s major lakes and reservoirs and made drinking water safer for people.
According to the World Bank, China accounts for about 30 percent of total ____37____ (globe)fertilizer consumption. The Chinese Ministry of Agriculture finds that between 2005—when the government ____38____ (start) a soil-testing program ____39____ gives specific fertilizer recommendations to farmers – and 2011, fertilizer use dropped by 7.7 million tons. That prevented the emission(排放) of 51.8 million tons of carbon dioxide. China’s approach to protecting its environment while _____40_____ (feed) its citizens “offers useful lessons for agriculture and food policymakers worldwide.” says the bank’s Juergen Voegele.
A major fire broke out at Notre-Dame Cathedral in central Paris on Monday, one of France’s most visited landmarks. Flames burst ____41____ the roof of the cathedral, live TV pictures showed. Firefighters cleared the area around the cathedral, ____42____ marks the very centre of the city.
____43____ (build) in the ____44____ (twelve) century, Notre Dame is the ____45____ famous of the Gothic cathedrals of the Middle Ages. “It’s been 800 years that the Cathedral watches over Paris”, Pascal, ____46____ French historian said. “Happy and unfortunate events for centuries ____47____ (mark) by the bells of Notre Dame.” The cathedral is home to incalculable works of art and is one of the world’s most famous tourist ____48____ (attract), immortalized by Victor Hugo’s 1831 novel The Hunchback of Notre Dame. Its ____49____ (price) treasures include a Catholic relic, the crown of thorns, which is only ____50____ (occasional) displayed.
Lions，tigers and other animals are staying awake at night___51___（avoid）human beings，a new study finds．
Scientists have known that human activities can lead to changes in nature．Many animals may move around less or travel to far places to keep away___52___people．By being awake at night，animals can also be on guard against possible enemies and spend less time___53___（look）for food．
The latest research found even activities like farming and camping can___54___（fright）animals and cause them to become more active at night．__55__had been studied were lions in Tanzania，tigers in Nepal and monkeys in Brazil．Researchers compared___56___（careful）how much time those animals were active at night in areas of human activities，such as hunting and farming．__57__was human activities that caused an increase of about 20 percent in night time activities，even in creatures that usually sleep at night．Results__58__（publish）in the journal Science two months ago．
The new findings are___59___（usual）because no one else has looked at it in such detail before Ecologist Marlee Tucker was___60___（surprise）that any kind of human activities is enough for animals to see people as a threat．
Two stone horse reliefs (浮雕) in the Asian Collection of the Pennsylvania Museum are considered to be among the most important examples of Chinese sculpture outside of China. Originally they ____61____ (attach) to Zhaoling, the tomb of Emperor’ Taizong, the second ruler of the Tang Dynasty. Mount Jiuzong was close to present Xi’an, thus ____62____ (serve) as the site for Zhaoling. The six horse reliefs on both wings of Zhaoling are the most well-known. Two reliefs are at the Pennsylvania Museum, the other four ____63____ (lay) in the Stele Forest (碑林) Museum in Xi’an. Each describes an actual horse in a battle that helped the Emperor unite China.
The first relief is the horse Saluzi, ____64____ name means “Autumn Dew.” When it was hit by an arrow in a battle, a general came to ____65____ rescue by pulling it out, and this relief describes the event with great ____66____ (accurate). The second relief is the horse Quanmaogua, or literally “yellow black-mouthed horse with wavy hair”, which was named ____67____ the color and shape of its hair. The horse is shown walking forward in an ____68____ (energy) air with vivid animation despite severe ____69____ (injury) from nine arrows.
The reliefs feature Chinese elements of horses, but all show strong nomadic (游牧的) influences traced to ancient West Asia, and this is not the first time that historians _____70_____ (discover) the impact of historical events spreading from west to east out of Chinese ancient treasures, which in turn proves the great value of the two stone horse reliefs.
Booking clerk: Hello, can I help you ?
Customer : Yes, you know, I’d like to fly to Berlin, Germany,_____71_____the 13th of this month.
Booking clerk : Well, a moment please. I’ll check the___72___(flight). And What time will you come___73___?
Customer: Let me see. I will attend a book fair____74____(hold) in Berlin, and the next two days a conference about education. Well, I haven’t decided when I’m going to return. Oh, I hope I will have the __75__(cheap) flight. By the way, how much does it cost to go there ?
Booking clerk: Oh, it’s only $870. This is the cheapest.
Customer : It’s fine. Would you like to tell me___76___the flight leaves and arrives?
Booking clerk: No problem. That’s Flight BA975. It____77____(leave) Los Angeles at 11:00 in the morning, and arrives in Boston at 2:35 in the afternoon. Then, you’ll have to change ___78___Flight 301 at 4:10, and arrive in Berlin at 7:14 a.m. the next day.
Customer: I think I’ll take____79____. One more thing, I prefer to have a seat in the front and by the window, because I suffer from_____80_____(airsick) sometimes.
I often dreamed about Pisa when I was a boy. I read about the famous building called the Leaning Tower of Pisa. But when I read the word Pisa, I felt slightly ___81___ (puzzle). I was thinking of pizza. I thought this tower was a place where people bought pizza. “I am sure it ___82___ be the best place to buy pizza in the world, isn’t it?” I thought. ___83___ I could go there by plane was always a question in my mind. It might be a long time later.
Many years later out of ___84___ (curious) I went to see the Leaning Tower. I knew then that it was Pisa and no pizza. It is ___85___ (approximate) 54 meters high. But there was still something special about it for me. I stared ___86___ the tower. It got its name because it really does lean to one side. I have fun with the shape of the tower. Some people say it ought to ___87___ (fix). Their first ___88___ (react) is that they are afraid it may fall over and they don’t like it to lean over the city.
I do not think the idea that people should repair it is good. The tower probably will not fall down. It is 600 years old. Why should anything happen to it now?
And, if you ask me, I like ___89___ it looks like. To me it is a very human kind of leaning. Nothing is perfect, it seems to say. And who cares? Why do people want things to be perfect? Imperfect things may be more interesting. Let’s take the tower of Pisa. Why is it so famous? There are many other older, more beautiful towers in Italy. But Pisa tower is the ___90___(much) famous. People come from all over the world to see it.
The first creature to orbit our planet was just three years old, saved from the streets of Moscow only more than a week ____91____ her historic travel. Her name was Laika. Her 1957 flight paved the way for space exploration at the time ____92____ scientists didn’t know if a space flight was deadly for living creatures.
Man is a born explorer. Since before the dawn of civilization, we’ve been trying ____93____ （go）over the horizon to find food or more space, or just to see what’s beyond those trees or mountains or oceans. Our ____94____ （able）to explore has reached new heights in the last hundred years. Airplanes could ____95____ （simple）our travel, shorten distances and show us Earth from a new angle. By the middle of the last century, we aimed even ____96____ （high）.
Laika ____97____ （follow）into orbit three years later by the first human, Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin. It was our first step into space. Then we turned our sights to the moon and the solar system. Manned space stations began shining brightly in the sky.
Space travel is ____98____ like that in the movies .Getting from planet to planet（or moon）across the solar system requires complex calculations ____99____ （involve）inertia（惯性）and gravity-literally, rocket science. Space is also _____100_____ （safe）. More than 20 astronauts have died, doing their job. However, that hasn’t stopped people from singing up and going into space.
The cheongsam is a female dress with distinctive Chinese features and enjoys growing ____101____ (popular) in the international world of high fashion. The name “cheongsam” ____102____ (mean) simply “long dress” entered the English vocabulary from the dialect(方言) of China’s Guangdong Province. In other parts of the country including Beijing, however, it ____103____ (know) as “qipao”, which has a history behind it.
After the early Manchu(满族的) rulers came to China, the Manchu women wore ____104____ (normal) a onepiece dress which came to be called “qipao”. Although the 1911 Revolution ____105____(end) the rule of the Qing Dynasty, the female dress survived the political change and, with later improvements, has become the traditional dress for Chinese women.
The cheongsam, ____106____ neck is high, fits well the Chinese female figure, and its sleeves may be either short, medium or in full ____107____(long), depending on seasons or tastes. In addition, it is not too complicated ____108____ (make), nor does it need too much material. Another beauty of the cheongsam is ____109____it can be worn either on casual ______110______ formal occasions. In either case, it creates an impression of simple and quiet charm, elegance and neatness.
The Tianshan Tuomuer Grand Canyon is about 25 kilometers long from east to west and 20 kilometers wide from north to south. It consists of three main ____111____ (valley) in the shape of the Chinese character “川”. ____112____ (situate) in the northwest of Xinjiang at the foot of Tuomur Peak, it is also known ____113____ “Kuduluk Grand Canyon”, ____114____ means “thrilling and mysterious” in Uygur (维吾尔语). It is the only way to the ancient post road in the northern and southern Tianshan Mountains.
On June 21, 2013, the Tianshan Mountains in Xinjiang ____115____ (list) as a UNESCO World Natural Heritage Site. The area in which the Tuomur Grand Canyon lies is the ____116____ (large) among the four places in the Tianshan Mountains, ____117____ (account) for 59.87 percent of the whole site.
With its red canyons set against the snow-capped mountains in the distance, the dreamlike landscape ____118____ (complete) makes visitors lost in the beautiful and impressive view of nature. At night, you can see the stars. Remember that the temperature difference there is very large. While wearing short sleeves at noon, evenings may require ____119____ down jacket and other warm clothes. There is no tour bus service, but visitors can drive to the canyon by _____120_____ (they) or hire a bus. Apart from it, Xinjiang is in possession of many appealing tourist spots, attracting a good number of visitors at home and abroad.
Christo Javacheff, who was usually known by his first name, was born in Bulgaria in 1935. In 1959, he met his wife Jeanne-Claude in Paris. Together, the two ____121____ (form) a strong partnership.
They worked as a team to create huge artworks ____122____ (call) installations (现代雕塑装置). In these installations, Christo and Jeanne-Claude often changed the way buildings or large areas of land looked — a kind of art known as “land art”. Their artworks were very large, ____123____ cost a lot of money to create. The ____124____ (artist) paid for the projects themselves by ____125____ (sell) the drawings they made for each installation. Many projects seemed so unusual that the couple had to work very hard. Though the couple’s works were known as “land art”, they ____126____ (place) on the water most of the time.
Most of the installations only stayed for a few weeks or months before being taken down. It meant that they lasted for a short period of time. “I am an artist, and I have to be ____127____ (courage). My artworks all go away when they are ____128____ (final) finished,” Christo said.
Christo already passed away. But he left behind ____129____ art world forever changed by the memory of his huge artworks. He surprised the world again and again _____130_____ his imagination and the artworks he created.
Peru is a country on the Pacific coast of South America with three main ____131____ (area). In the 1400s and 1500s, Peru was the centre of the ancient Inca Empire. Spain ____132____ (control) Peru in the 16th century and ruled it until 1821.
Fly from Cusco into the Amazon rainforest, where you take a boat to get to your accommodation in ____133____ middle of the forest. Then spend three days ____134____ (hike) and exploring nature.
You will be ____135____ (amaze) by Machu Picchu. ____136____ (especial) amazing is the Incas’ dry stone method of building. Stones ____137____ (cut) to exact sizes so that nothing was needed to hold walls together other than the perfect fit of the stones.
Cusco was the capital of the Inca Empire from the 13th ____138____ the 16th century. There, you can enjoy the unique Spanish and local Indian culture. Stay in a local hotel, visit the museums, admire the architecture, enjoy the excellent local food, and go ____139____ (shop) at the local markets.
When arriving in Lake Titicaca, a boat will take you to a local Uros family on an island for three days. Both the island and the Uros homes are made ____140____ water plants from the lake.
The Han Dynasty is one of the most important ____141____ (dynasty) in Chinese history. There are many ____142____ (wonder) achievements during this period. It was the first Chinese dynasty ____143____ (open) its door to other cultures ____144____ its foreign trade was prosperous. The Silk Road opened up in the Han Dynasty ____145____ (lead) to the Middle and Western Asia and even Rome. Various forms of art ____146____ (blossom) during the period ____147____ many great works on literature, history and philosophy appeared. The publishing of China’s first dictionary was completed in 100AD; it contains 9,000 Chinese characters. At ____148____ same time, great progress ____149____ (make) in science and technology was really amazing. The Han Dynasty lasted 400 years. However, the rulers, corruption (腐败) eventually resulted in ____150____ (it) destruction.
With a fascinating past and more than four hundred years of history, St. Augustine is one of the nation’s oldest cities and a ____151____ (nation) treasure. Located on Florida’s Atlantic coast, it is home to many fine examples of European architecture and wild scenic views.
In 1513, an explorer found this land, ____152____ he called La Florida. Then, in 1565, a Spanish conqueror(征服者) built a settlement there, and named it St. Augustine.
Apart ____153____ a 20-year period of English rule, Florida remained ruled by Spanish ____154____ (govern) until the United States took control in 1821. In the years after ____155____ (it) founding, St. Augustine was attacked by ____156____ range of people, the French, the English and the natives. They are said to ____157____ (shoot) flaming arrows at the city’s defensive building, ____158____ (set) it on fire. More recently, nature has stricken the city with two hurricanes. Still, St. Augustine ____159____ (exist) now.
After the city recovers, visitors shouldn’t overlook it. It has suffered much in history. Hopefully, visitors will come and perhaps support the coast recovery while discovering Florida’s _____160_____ (century) of history and miles of coastal beauty.
The Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge, as the ___161___ (long) crosssea bridge in the world, is expected ___162___ (have)5G service in the future, according to Fang Zheng, vice general manager of the WLAN office of ZTE Crop., the bridge’s network ___163___(operate).
The 55-km Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge,___164___opened on Oct. 24,2018, connects the mainland province of Guangdong with the country’s two special administrative regions, Hong Kong and Macao.
“The Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge now has good coverage of 4G service,” said Fang. “Experts and workers have overcome the difficulties of a complex construction environment and the lack___165___ an optical fiber (光纤) to provide tailored 4G solutions for the bridge and prepare for the future upgrading of 5G service. It can be seen as ___166___ unique application of wireless technology, highlighting the highquality products and ___167___(advance) technology provided by China’s communication section.”
___168___ (actual), the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge is now ready for the access of Internet of Things, a major business to be achieved by 5G technology. Since the very beginning, the technological base needed for 5G ___169___ (consider) in terms of network architecture, room for a 5G station as well ____170____ the installment (安装) of fiber.
While it’s impossible to understand China if you don’t speak Chinese, knowing the language does not mean you automatically understand China.
My first real Chinese friend was HuanHuan. Huan Huan was the first friend I made after my Chinese language skills ____171____(catch)up with my personality, and he invited me ____172____(visit) him at his family’s village for Chinese New Year. At the table were Huan Huan’s parents, uncles, and his little brother. I worked at being a model guest, ____173____(pay)especially close attention to my pleases and thank you. At some point during the meal, I realized Huan Huan was looking ____174____(increase)upset. After I thanked his mother for more rice, Huan Huan finally called me outside ____175____ a private chat.
“Are you uncomfortable in there?”
“No, very comfortable.”
“Is the food to your liking?” Is everyone being ____176____(respect)?
“Then you’ve got to stop saying thank you. Our guests are taking ____177____ the wrong way,” he said. “Among friends, there is no need for thank you. You thank strangers for kindnesses. They ____178____(expect)of friends.”
Actions speak ____179____(loud)than words. To compliment Huan Huan’s mother’s food, I ate more of it. She glowed, wordlessly. It was HuanHuan _____180_____ taught me the silent language of the give and take of relationships in China.
Yu Rong, a famous artist, thinks of a new way to introduce ____181____ ancient story of Hua Mulan in her picture book. In the book, I Am Hua Mulan, she tells the story by ____182____ (combine) paper-cutting with international artistic styles. She places Shaanxi paper-cuts over western-style pencil sketches (素描) ____183____ (create) a typical presentation of Chinese elements, which turns out to be a ____184____ (success) and impressive breakthrough.
Hua Mulan, ____185____ story has been told by generations in China, was a fighter from the Northern Wei Dynasty(386 -534). As a devoted daughter, she dressed herself as a man to serve in the army ____186____ place of her father. Mulan’s characteristics, such as courage, kindness and a disinterested attitude toward fame and fortune, made ____187____ (she) one of the most respected historical Chinese heroines. Mulan’s story has been adapted ____188____ (frequent) in modern media. For example, in 1998, Disney produced a film named Mulan, which ____189____ (consider) a great success by critics and the public.
To better tell the story, Yu Rong draws inspiration from her several _____190_____ (visit) to sites of ancient battles and Henan Opera. After years of preparation she finally makes this extraordinary work.
Zoos are some of the most ___191___(delight)places children, and even adults___192___all ages love to visit. Zoos are more than just a place of entertainment and education for people, but also a place___193___animals are kept in safe enclosures. Zoos allow us to enjoy___194___(view) animals, or we would have to make a trip to Africa to view them.
My first trip to the zoo___195___(be) years ago during an elementary school trip. That was the first time I ___196___(find) myself close to wild animals like tigers, lions, giraffes and zebras, The last time I visited the zoo was about a year back when I took my kids there. Children especially are interested in such animals on display and in terms of ___197___(education) value, I would say that the trip was worth every minute___198___(spend). However, there are some of us who feel that animals shouldn’t be kept in enclosures is ___199___form of cruelty. But looking at it from another perspective, the same animals may not survive this far had they been left on their own in the wilderness because of the ____200____(present) of their enemies.
China is ____201____(wide) known for its ancient civilisation which has continued all the way through into modern times, ____202____ the many ups and downs in its history. There are many reasons why this has been possible, but one of the main ____203____(factor) has been the Chinese writing system.
At the beginning, ____204____(write) Chinese was a picture-based language. It Dates back several thousand years to the use of Longgu —- animal bones and shells on which symbols ____205____(carve) by ancient Chinese people. Some of the ancient symbols can still be seen in today’s hanzi.
By the Shang Dynasty, these symbols ____206____(become) a well-developed writing system. Over the years, the system developed into different forms, as it was a time when people were divided geographically, ____207____(lead) to many varieties of dialects and characters. This, however, changed under Emperor Qinshihuang of the Qin Dynasty.
Emperor Qinshihuang united the seven major states into one unified country ____208____the Chinese writing system began to develop in one direction. That writing system was of great ____209____ (important) in uniting the Chinese people and culture. Even today, _____210_____ matter where Chinese people live or what dialect they speak, they can all still communicate in writing.
A Chinese dance drama has made its global debut (首映) on social media platforms abroad, ____211____(create) a new wave of discussion on the beauty of Chinese culture among art lovers from all over the world.
“Li Bai”, a classic production by the China National Opera and Dance Drama Theater, ____212____(strike) a chord (弦) with global audiences through the telling of a lifelong journey of the literary (文学的) giant Li Bai so far. After a year of improving, that ____213____(remark) work has returned to center stage. ____214____ was updated of “Li Bai” provides the audience with a fresh new feel. The new music skilfully combined orchestral symphony was scored ____215____ (integrate) with the dance and drama. When you turn off the music and watch the dancing and ____216____ (perform) of the actors alone, it has no impact.
The classic piece greeted audiences at the National Centre for the Performing Arts three months ago with sold – out shows. Art has no borders. “Li Bai” ____217____(view) more than 5.5 million times with more than 1. 33 million responses. In the history of Chinese poetry, Li Bai was not “one of” ____218____ “the one”. In telling the story of ____219____ great poet, China has once again passed ____220____ its fine tradition and carried Chinese culture forward in its own way.
____221____ ( sit ) back in my seat, I can’t believe that I’m about to travel along the railway that many foreign experts claimed was “impossible”. The train has been racing along ____222____ ( steady ) since it left Xining.
I was one of the people ____223____ came from all parts of China to work on this railway. Taking years to complete the Qinghai – Tibet Railway is a record of all of our efforts to overcome ____224____ most difficult challenges. How ____225____ ( protect ) the ecosystem was among the top concerns . The first landmark ____226____ ( catch ) my eye is the Qingshuihe Bridge, the world’s longest bridge built over permafrost. To prevent damage to wetlands and grasslands, 675 bridges ____227____ ( build ) between Golmud and Lhasa.
Tanggula Station, ____228____ ( locate ) at over 5,000 metres above sea level, is the highest railway station in the world. To make sure we stayed healthy, several oxygen – making stations were constructed. Passing Cuona Lake, I feel a sense of pride and ____229____ ( achieve ). Along the lake we built a twenty – kilometre wall to protect the lake ____230____ construction waste.
I’m proud that we built our “impossible” railway. It truly is an extraordinary “Sky Railway”.
The Chinese government recently finalized a plan to set up a Giant Panda National Park(GPNP). ___231___ (cover)an area about three times ___232___ size of Yellowstone National Park, the GPNP will be one of the first national parks in the country. The plan will extend protection to a significant number of areas that ___233___ (be)previously unprotected, bringing many of the existing protected areas for giant pandas under one authority ___234___ (increase)effectiveness and reduce inconsistencies in management.
After a three-year pilot period, the GPNP will be officially set up next year. The GPNP ___235___ (design)to reflect the guiding principle of “protecting the authenticity and integrity(完整性)of natural ecosystems, preserving biological diversity, protecting ecological buffer zones, ___236___ leaving behind precious natural assets(资产)for future generations”. The GPNP’s main goal is to improve connectivity between separate ___237___ (population)and homes of giant pandas, and ___238___ (eventual)achieve a desired level of population in the wild.
Giant pandas also serve ___239___ an umbrella species(物种), bringing protection to a host of plants and animals in the southwestern and northwestern parts of China. The GPNP is intended to provide stronger protection for all the species _____240_____ live within the Giant Panda Range and significantly improve the health of the ecosystem in the area.
The Xi’an City Wall is the most complete city wall that has survived China’s long history. It ___241___ (build) originally to protect the city ___242___ the Tang dynasty and has now been completely restored (修复). It is possible ___243___ (walk) or bike the entire 14 kilometers.
We accessed the wall through the South Gate. The wall is 12 meters high and from here you can see streams of people moving inside and outside the City Wall.
After ___244___ (spend) some time looking at all the defensive equipment at the wall, we decided it was time for some action and what ___245___ (good) than to ride on a piece of history!
We ___246___ (hire) our bikes from the rental place at the South Gate. My bike was old and shaky ___247___ did the job. It took us about 3 hours to go all ___248___ way around the Xi’an City Wall. Supposedly you can do it in two hours, but we stopped at the different gates and ___249___ (watchtower) to take pictures or just to watch the local people going about their ______250______ (day) routines.
The Great Wall, ___251___ (run) for more than 20,000 kilometers, is a historical landmark with worldwide fame, but climbing it is hard. Everyone may have some knowledge of it more or less, while only a handful may have the skill to ___252___ (physical) participate in its restoration (修复).
However, a WeChat miniprogram, Great Wall E-tour, is allowing every enthusiast to be a hero in a virtual world, in ___253___ one not just visits the Great Wall, but also protects it. The program ___254___ (attract) considerable attention in recent weeks and got a large fan base. Around 50,000 high definition pictures of the Xipanjiakou site of the Great Wall are used to offer users a ___255___ (remark) experience.
Liu Yuzhu, head of the China Foundation for Cultural Heritage Conservation, says an agreement with Tencent ___256___ (reach) to make people more aware of the historical landmark years ago. “We made documentaries and published animated books in the past. These are popular, but the Great Wall is ___257___ complex structure and deserves more attention. So we tried something new,” Liu says. “A series of programs like ___258___ (we) have been launched in China, with a combination ___259___ public education and restoration of relics through digitization.” Though there are bottlenecks (障碍) that need to be removed, the future is bright. “There’s no ____260____ (short) of new ideas speaking of protecting relics,” Liu adds.
China’s BeiDou Navigation Satellite System ( BDS) has functioned effectively in the country’s flood-control operations，and has helped the country fight against floods, ____261____ (assist) in early warning and resident transfer (移民 ). Based on its ground stations and constellation (星座), the BDS system can provide centimeter-level and millimeter-level ____262____ (accurate) in real-time processing and post-processing. Debris flow (泥石流）can ____263____ (predict) through real-time danger monitoring to gain time for people to escape and rescue, which ____264____ (ensure) the safety of people’s lives and property.
____265____ function of the BDS system is short message communication, allowing users to send messages without the support of a mobile network. The BDS system can also aid international search and rescue with its bidirectional communication service. Ships in need ____266____ rescue can receive a reply from the ground station after sending a signal that is suffering and ____267____ (much) advanced than before.
China will attempt to provide legal and policy (政策) ____268____ (guarantee) and create a sound, open environment for the development of the BDS system. It is believed ____269____ the combination of BDS with _____270_____ (develop) technologies, including 5G, mobile communications and big data, will be further promoted to create new business models and growth points.
Not so very long ago, people contacted ____271____ (they) friends faraway only by writing letters. With ____272____development of technology, people keep in touch ____273____ their friends with social media tools nowadays. They find their friends with the same interests and maintain their friendship, even though they live in different ____274____ (country).
However, there is one disadvantage of making friends online. People tend ____275____ (post) only good things to make them appear happy and ____276____ (friend). In fact, we can’t ____277____ (exact) know who the person on the Internet is. The person online may act as anyone ____278____ he likes to be.
Although technology ____279____ (change) the way of making friends and ____280____ (maintain) friendship, the meaning of friendship and our longing for friends remain the same. No one can live without a friend.
Often called the Porcelain (瓷器) Capital for its important role in the domestic and international ceramic (陶瓷) industry, Jingdezhen in Jiangxi Province is famous for its ancient porcelain production that ____281____ (date) back to more than 1, 700 years ago. As the most important ceramic production center in China, Jingdezhen produces high-quality porcelain that ____282____ (appreciate) both in China and worldwide. In December 2014, Jingdezhen was ____283____ (official) approved by UNESCO and joined the Creative City Network, ____284____ (gain) itself the “City of Crafts and Folk Art” title.
In recent years, by making use of its cultural advantages, Jingdezhen has organized important ____285____ (activity) on ceramic arts. These events have transformed Jingdezhen into an incredible platform for diversified cooperation and communication, ____286____ young artistic talents are drawn to its flame like moths.
Establishing a name for himself as ____287____ one and only live fashion illustrator, Deng traveled from Qingdao to Jingdezhen to explore the clever cosmos of ancient Chinese ceramic vase patterns. His ceramic works, both ____288____ (function) and sculptural, are full of elements of fashion, humor, and character ____289____ (paint) on with traditional Chinese ink. Delicate and sensitive _____290_____ the touch, Deng’s brilliant pieces are a sight to see. The red and pink mixture of colors and lighting surrounding the vases represent Chinese happiness and Western passion, attracting East and West in the same narrative, on the same canvas (画布).
The Jiaohe Ancient City Ruins, ___291___ (locate)10 kilometers west of Turpan, Xinjiang Uygur autonomous region is the largest, oldest and best-preserved earthen architectural site in the world, ___292___ holds great political, cultural, historical and artistic value.
Guri Bakri, a 39-year-old conservator of the Jiaohe Ruins, starts her daily inspection at the site as usual, ensuring the safety of tourists and ___293___ (make) photographic records along the way. She is the third generation of Guri’s family who have been working as local cultural conservators, ___294___ (constant) guarding this historic site since her grandfather ___295___ (become) the only conservator in Jiaohe in 1961.
After graduating in 2013, Guri returned to her hometown and became one of her father’s ___296___ (colleague). Talking about Jiaohe, Guri said that she would always remember June 22, 2014, when the Jiaohe Ancient City Ruins ___297___ (name) the World Heritage Site. She was proud of her participation in the application ___298___ the title.
In recent years, the state cultural protection department has invested more than 100 million yuan ($ 14.8m) in the ___299___ (protect) of Jiaohe Ancient City Ruins. This year, Jiaohe Ancient City Ruins will take the fifth round of structural reinforcement (加固). ____300____ team of conservators has also expanded to 12. This old city of more than 2,000 years is gaining new energy.
1．are treated 2．that 3．restoring 4．a 5．on##upon 6．widely 7．popularity 8．is rising 9．combined 10．which
11．warmer 12．them 13．that##which 14．has reduced 15．on##upon 16．survival 17．a 18．Melting 19．to hunt 20．actively
21．was released 22．it 23．As 24．who 25．heaviest 26．treasuring 27．fortunately 28．to preserve 29．challenging 30．combination
31．has grown 32．the 33．actually 34．to improve 35．than 36．pollution 37．global 38．started 39．that/which 40．feeding
41．through 42．which 43．Built 44．twelfth 45．most 46．a
47．have been marked 48．attractions 49．priceless 50．occasionally
51．to avoid 52．from 53．looking 54．frighten 55．What 56．carefully 57．It 58．were published 59．unusual 60．surprised
61．were attached 62．serving 63．laid 64．whose 65．the##its 66．accuracy 67．after 68．energetic 69．injuries 70．have discovered
71．on 72．flights 73．back 74．to be held 75．cheapest 76．when 77．leaves 78．to 79．it 80．airsickness
81．puzzled 82．must 83．When 84．curiosity 85．approximately 86．at 87．be fixed 88．reaction 89．what 90．most
91．before 92．when 93．to go 94．ability 95．simplify 96．higher 97．was followed 98．nothing##not 99．involving 100．unsafe
101．popularity 102．meaning 103．is known 104．normally 105．ended 106．whose 107．length 108．to make 109．that 110．or
111．valleys 112．Situated 113．as 114．which 115．was listed 116．largest 117．accounting 118．completely 119．a 120．themselves
121．formed 122．called 123．which 124．artists 125．selling 126．were placed 127．courageous 128．finally 129．an 130．with
131．areas 132．controlled 133．the 134．hiking 135．amazed 136．Especially 137．were cut 138．until 139．shopping 140．of
141．dynasties 142．wonderful 143．to open 144．and 145．leading 146．blossomed 147．when 148．the 149．made 150．its
151．national 152．which 153．from 154．government 155．its 156．a 157．have shot 158．setting 159．exists 160．centuries
161．longest 162．to have 163．operator 164．which 165．of 166．a 167．advanced 168．Actually 169．has been considered 170．as
171．caught 172．to visit 173．paying 174．increasingly 175．for 176．respectful 177．it 178．are expected 179．louder 180．who##that
181．the 182．combining 183．to create 184．successful 185．whose 186．in 187．her 188．frequently 189．was considered 190．visits
191．delightful 192．of 193．where 194．viewing 195．was 196．had found 197．educational 198．spent 199．a 200．presence
201．widely 202．despite 203．factors 204．written 205．were carved 206．had become 207．leading 208．where 209．importance 210．no
211．creating 212．has struck 213．remarkable 214．What 215．to integrate 216．performing 217．was viewed 218．but 219．the 220．on
221．Sitting 222．steadily 223．who 224．the 225．to protect 226．to catch 227．were built 228．located 229．achievement 230．from
231．Covering 232．the 233．were 234．to increase 235．is designed 236．and 237．populations 238．eventually 239．as 240．that
241．was built 242．in##during 243．to walk 244．spending 245．better 246．hired 247．but 248．the 249．watchtowers 250．daily
251．running 252．physically 253．which 254．has attracted 255．remarkable 256．was reached 257．a 258．ours 259．of 260．shortage
261．assisting 262．accuracy 263．be predicted 264．ensures 265．Another 266．of 267．more 268．guarantees 269．that 270．developed
271．their 272．the 273．with 274．countries 275．to post 276．friendly 277．exactly 278．who 279．has changed 280．maintaining
281．dates 282．is appreciated 283．officially 284．gaining 285．activities 286．where 287．the 288．functional 289．painted 290．to
291．located 292．which 293．making 294．constantly 295．became 296．colleagues 297．was named 298．for 299．protection 300．The