必修二 Unit 3 The Internet
Listening and speaking
1. stream movies and music (P26)
stream /striːm/ vt. 流播（不用下载直接在互联网上播放音视频）
1) The service has been upgraded so TV shows can be streamed straight.
2) You can also join a livestream or on-demand exercise class.
- At the sight of the scene of the disaster, tears streamed down my cheeks.
- On arriving there, I noticed the visitors streaming into the exhibition hall.
5) The Palace Museum attracts a constant stream of visitors every day, especially during the National Day holiday.
2. And so I use a nonsense name for my net identity. (P27)
identity /aɪˈdentəti/ n. [C] & [U] [缩写为ID] 身份
1) He gave himself a new name to hide his identity when he went to carry out the secret task. (2015 湖北)
2) Data and identity theft becomes more and more common. (2019 全国)
3) Our strong sense of national identity has been shaped by our history.
4) In prison people often suffer from a loss of identity.
identify /aɪˈdentɪfaɪ/ vt.
- One of the 17 people killed in the school shooting was identified as Jamie.
- To be effective, you need to identify your strengths and concentrate on them.
- Each product in the supermarket has an identification number.
- We are all asked to show some identification — an identity card or a passport — before boarding the plane.
Reading and thinking
1. There are countless articles telling us how the Internet has made our lives more convenient. (P28)
convenient /kən’viːniənt/ adj. 方便的；近便的
- It is convenient (for sb.) to do sth.
a restaurant convenient for shops and theatres
convenience /kən’viːniəns/ n.
- England is the largest of the four countries, and for convenience it is divided roughly into three zones.
2) We would appreciate it if you could reply at your earliest convenience.
3) It was a great convenience to live near my school.
2. At age 50, she found herself out of work and stuck at home with only her computer to keep her company. (P28)
stick /stɪk/ vi & vt 阻塞；(被) 难住
- The key has stuck in the lock. / He was/got stuck by this question.
2) The nurse stuck the needle into my arm. / I found a nail sticking in the tyre.
3) stick a stamp on an envelope
4) Once he made a promise, he would stick to it.
5) Peter stuck his head behind the door.
6) gather sticks to make a fire
3. She realised that one of the greatest benefits of the Internet was its ability to remove the distance that usually exists between people. (P28)
benefit /’benɪfɪt/ n. 益处 vt. 使受益 vi. 得益于
1) If we take these measures, I’m sure it will be greatly to our benefit.
2) The money is to be used for the benefit of the poor.
4. She realised that one of the greatest benefits of the Internet was its ability to remove the distance that usually exists between people. (P28)
distance /’dɪstəns/ n. [C] & [U] 距离；间距
1) It’s just a distance of 50 metres from here to the restaurant.
2) The beach is ___________ walking distance of my house.
3) The coldness and distance in her voice took me by surprise.
4) We spotted them waving to us ______________ a distance of 100 metres.
5) _________ the distance is a tall tree which is said to have a history of over 500 years.
6) She was warned to keep her distance from Charles if she didn’t want to get hurt.
7) When he retired, he tried to distance himself from city life.
5. She was so inspired by the people she met online that she decided to start an IT club to teach older people how to use computers and the Internet. (P28)
inspire /ɪn’spaɪə(r)/ vt. 鼓舞；激励；启发思考
1) The teacher’s trust in me has inspired me _____________ (do) things that I never thought possible.
2) The film greatly inspired patriotism ____________ people.
3) I was extremely _______________ (inspire) by the elegant way the words sounded.
4) His speech was _______________ (inspire) and touched everyone’s heart.
5) Many poets and artists have drawn their __________________________ (inspire) from nature.
6. She believes that it is highly important to bridge the digital divide and make sure that everyone has access to the Internet and knows how to use new technology. (P28)
access /’ækses/ n. 通道；（使用、查阅、接近或面见的）机会
1) Fallen rocks cut off the only access to the village.
2) Nowadays, with the development of the information industry, everyone can have easy access to good learning resources.
3) With the Internet, it is more convenient for us to access information.
4) He put the medicine in the top drawer to make sure it would not be ______________ (access) to the kids.
7. “When you go through tough times, you meet others who are facing similar challenges,” Jan says. (P28)
(1) Not until he went through real hardship did he realise the love we have for our families is important.
(2) Our plan on how to spend our summer holidays didn’t go through.
(3) He went through his pockets looking for the keys.
(4) After he went through the article, he made some necessary changes.
8. “When you go through tough times, you meet others who are facing similar challenges,” Jan says.(P28)
1) a tough pair of shoes
2) Are you sure you’re physically tough enough for this job?
3) He plays the tough guy in the movie.
4) The meat was tough and hard to chew.
5) Don’t be too tough on / with him — he is only a child.
6) a tough life / job
7) It was a tough decision to make.
9. At age 50, she found herself out of work and stuck at home with only her computer to keep her company. (P28)
1. 此句结构为“find+宾语+宾补”，out of work和 stuck at home是句子的宾语补足语，说明宾语herself的处境。
- “with +名词+to do”结构，在句中作stuck的伴随状语。
- She was so inspired by the people she met online that she decided to start an IT club to teach older people how to use computers and the Internet. (P28)
“so … that …”意为“如此……以至于……”，引导结果状语从句
Discovering useful structure & Listening and talking
1. Have you confirmed the Wi-Fi password? (P30)
confirm /kən’fɜ:(r)m/ vt. 确认；使确信
1) The family called the Italian Culture Ministry; the official confirmed that the paintings were originals and worth as much as $50 million.
______ ________ _________ _________that the final exam will take place next week.
3) Once an order is received, we shall send an order _____________________ (confirm) by email to confirm your order.
2. Have you pressed the button yet to copy the file? (P30)
press /pres/ vt. 按，压；
1) They were pressing us ____________ (make) a decision.
2) __________ (press) by my friends and relations, I decided to seize the opportunity.
3) He pressed on and finally got passed the finishing line.
4) The story was reported in the press and on television.
1) Art could help him _____________ himself without words. (2016 天津)
2) The thought of taking the exam again ____________ him.
3) What _____________ me most is his famous saying, “Genius is one percent inspiration and ninety-nine percent perspiration”. (2008 湖南)
3. Xiao Bo is looking for an exercise app to help him get in shape. (P31)
get/keep in shape
1) Keeping a balanced diet and exercising regularly help you get in shape.
Because of the outbreak of COVID-19, the economy in many countries is ____ _____ ___________.
3) After the operation, Lucy was out of shape and became tired easily.
4) With knowledge-based economy starting to take shape and becoming a growing trend, new industries have kept emerging.
5) Cut the dough in half and shape each half into a loaf.
6) His ideas had been shaped by his experiences during the war.
4. Laura needs an app that will add money to her bank account. (P31)
account /ə’kaʊnt/ n.
1) I would like to open an account during my stay here.
2) While this book tells the stories of famous people in history, it also gives an account of the lives of lesser-known individuals.
3) They had to take account of every possibility when they drew up the plan.
4) I sincerely hope that you will take my suggestions into account.
5) The bad weather may have accounted for the small crowd.
6) Body language accounts for 55 percent of a first impression while what you say just 7 percent.
7) On no account must employees make personal telephone calls from the office.
8) The president declined to deliver the speech himself, on account of a sore throat.
Reading for Writing
1. Like a troll, a cyberbully will also write something mean but it is usually directed at particular people. (P32)
particular /pə’tɪkjʊlə(r)/ adj.
1) We must pay particular attention to this point.
2) John is very particular ___________ the kitchen — everything has to be perfectly clean and in place.
3) As we all know, any exercise is better than none, and long-distance running _______ particular has a lot of benefits.
4) WeChat has exploded in popularity in recent years, _______________ (particular) among young people.
2. It seemed like a joke at first, but the girl was very upset. (P32)
upset /ˌʌpˈset/ adj. 不高兴的，心烦意乱的[不用于名词前] ；（肠胃）不适的
1) an upset stomach
2) It upsets me that I don’t know enough words and my grammar is also poor.
3) She was very upset ____________ (hear) that the holiday had been cancelled.
4) Anne’s sister Margot was very upset __________ the family had to move.
5) My parents were in a huge argument, and I was really upset __________ it.
6) By the time I reached the farm I was very tired and upset ________ Goldie.
7) Childhood illness can be _____________ (upset) for children and parents alike.
3. Tell the reader what they should do or keep in mind. (P33)
keep in mind
Please keep in mind __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________
How did you persuade him to _______ _______ ____________?
They ________ ________ ________ _______ ________ spend their holiday at the seaside.
4. This case has two functions. It’s my wallet and my mobile phone case. (P34)
case n. 盒; 箱
1) The lack of evidence means that the case is unlikely to go to court.
2) You may think of giving up study. In this case, just think it over before making the decision.
3) In no case should you leave your post.
4) I don’t see why I couldn’t do it. In any case, I’m going to try.
5) In case of emergency, please call the police.
In case anything important happens, call me up immediately.
6) ___________ is often the case with other old people,my grandfather is fond of talking about good old days.
7) I have never seen a case ____________ only partner makes money.